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United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 2 Phytosanitary Issues in the International.

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Presentation on theme: "United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 2 Phytosanitary Issues in the International."— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 2 Phytosanitary Issues in the International Movement of Plant Products Phytosanitary Issues in the International Movement of Plant Products United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Phytosanitary Issues Management Export Services April 18, 2007

2 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 3 International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) United Nations: international treaty for cooperation in plant protection International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM): prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products

3 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 4 Obligations under IPPC Transparent regulations Based on science and international standards Measures are consistent with pest risk Least restrictive measures Measures applied without discrimination National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) Consignments must meet importing country’s phytosanitary requirements Food Aid is not exempt

4 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 5 APHIS/PPQ National Plant Protection Organization Mission: Safeguard agriculture and natural resources from the risks associated with the entry, establishment, or spread of animal and plant pests and noxious weeds.

5 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 6 Phytosanitary Issues Management (PIM) Primary responsibility to manage, address, and help resolve technical phytosanitary trade and export issues.  IPPC International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM)  North American Plant Protection Organization (NPPO)  US Federal Plant Pest Act

6 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 7 Phytosanitary Issues Management (PIM) Trade Management Negotiate phytosanitary market access issues Export Services Policy and procedures Determine foreign requirements Resolve export issues Accreditation Seed Health Program Nursery Stock Treatments Cotton ISPM Wood Packaging

7 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 8 PPQ US Export Program Responsibilities Resolve export related problems – not trade issues Analyze and interpret foreign phytosanitary regulations Maintain database of foreign phytosanitary regulations Establish program policies and procedures Provide phytosanitary certification

8 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 9 PPQ US Export Program Program is consistent with international standards Failure to meet international standards:  Loss of integrity and credibility of US Export Program  More restrictive import requirements  Loss of foreign markets  Bring us before WTO

9 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 10 PPQ US Export Program Steps to Obtaining Certification Step 1. Import Requirements/ Application for Service Step 3. Official sampling and inspection Step 4. Treatments Step 5. Issuance of phytosanitary certificate (PC)

10 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 11 Step 1. Import Requirements APHIS/PPQ does not regulate exports Importing country’s requirements Regulations Import Permit/Official communication US exporter’s obligated to meet phytosanitary import requirements Food aid is not exempt

11 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 12 Step 1. Import Requirements Phytosanitary certificate (PC) Time limits: between inspection, exportation and issuance of PC Freedom from diseases, insects and weed seeds Packaging Treatments Import Permit Transiting requirements

12 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 13 EXCERPT database Step 1. Import Requirements EXCERPT database

13 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 14 Step 1. Import Requirements Must be phytosanitary in nature: plant health Can not be: Quality Food safety Environmental Genetically modified organisms Grain and grain products: can not meet disease freedom

14 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 15 Step 1. Import Requirements PPQ Policy Eligibility: 1.Plant or plant product 2.Destination: international trade only 3.Degree of processing 4.Protected plant 5.Ability to sample and inspect

15 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 16 Step 1. Application for Service PPQ Form 572 or Electronically - Phytosanitary Certification and Issuance and Tracking (PCIT) US exporter with physical address in US Inspection location Origin: country/state/county Country of final destination Description of commodity-scientific name Distinguishing marks Port of entry

16 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 17 Step 2 Official Sampling and Inspections Authorized personnel Request in timely manner Available for inspection Representative of consignment PC must be issued within 30 days of inspection

17 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 18 FGIS Inspections FGIS inspects for insects only, unless notified otherwise Exporter responsible for advising FGIS of special import requirements Special requirements must be stated on FGIS 921-2 Exporter responsible for obtaining FGIS Form 921-2 “Inspection Report-Insect in Grain” PC must be issued within 30 days of inspection

18 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 19 Step 3 Treatments Types of Pest mitigation Clean consignment/conveyance Cold treatment Hot water dips Heat treatment Chemical treatments *Fumigations: methyl bromide and phosphine

19 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 20 Fumigations 1.Fumigator: authorized entity and facility 2.Approved treatment 3.PPQ must monitor 4.Bulk or containerized 5.Temperature 6.Gas permeable packaging

20 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 21 Step 4 Issuance of PC Consignment meets entry requirements Consignment was officially inspected Issued to NPPO of country of final destination US exporter – must have physical address in US PC issued within 30 days of inspection Meets country’s time limits

21 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 22 PPQ Export User fees Mandated by Congress to recover costs – no exceptions for user fees Value ≥ $1250 - $50.00 Value < $1250 - $23.00

22 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 23 When You Have a Problem Before ordering commodities determine if import requirements can be met We are here to help – before you ship Contact PPQ as soon as you know you have a problem Resolve issues based on science NOT politics

23 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 24 PPQ US Export Program Questions? Karen Bedigian APHIS-PPQ Senior Export Specialist Riverdale, MD PH: 301 734-5712 Email: karen.j.bedigian@aphis.usda.gov


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