2 Table of Contents Background and Do’s and Don’ts Searching Strategies & Boolean OperatorsSign In ProceduresHINARI Website FeaturesParticipating Publishers’ Websites FeaturesPubMed Searching from HINARIOverview of PubMed WebsiteLimitsMy NCBI
3 HINARIThe Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI) is coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO)Collaboration between the WHO, publishers and other health care content ownersTo provide biomedical and health care research and guideline information to non-profit academic and research institutions, governmental and policy making departments in low income countries.AGORA (agricultural research) and OARE (environmental research) are similar programs
4 HOA URLsHINARI: health AGORA: agriculture OARE: environment
5 Eligibility/Registration Institutions in countries with GNP per capita below $1000 are eligible for free access (Band 1)Institutions in countries with GNP per capita between $1000-$3000 pay a fee of $1000 per year / institution (Band 2)For details, see
6 HINARI License Agreement List of terms and conditions for Phase 1 institutional users
7 HINARI Do’sMaterial owned by the Publishers made available through HINARI can be used by Authorized Users or Walk-in UsersAn Authorized User: an institution’s or government department’s employee, permanent or visiting faculty, or studentWalk-in User: anyone who comes to the Institution’s premises and is permitted by the Institution to access services there
8 HINARI Do’s For HINARI Band 1 participants: institution may supply printed or digital materials (documents) only to the institution’s employees, faculty members, or another Authorized Userremote access is permissible but limited to computers owned personally by employees or by institutionpublisher’s material may be placed in electronic reserves for students to access in specified education courses (delete after the end of the course)
9 HINARI Don’tsDownloading/Printing: users cannot download complete journal issues or books (per journal issue or book, 15% limit)Course Packs: academic and teaching staffmay make copies in print or digital form of the Publisher’s Material for course packs; only can recover the cost of producing such course packs from the studentscannot make a profit from the Publisher’s Material
10 HINARI Don’tsDocument supply: Cannot distribute documents obtained through HINARI to any other individuals or organizations outside the InstitutionDocument fees: The Institution may not supply the document for a fee except to recover cost of compiling course pack or other teaching materialsUploading: Cannot upload the material to or post to a publicly available website or elsewhere
11 HINARI Don’tsCannotmodify, adapt, transform or create any derivative work from the Publisher’s Material (consequence: immediate termination of the contract between the Publisher and the Institution)modify, adapt, transform or create any derivative work or version from the Publisher’s access software or hosting agentadd to the Publisher’s Material without express permission of the Publisher including notices, advertisements, comments, or other informationtamper or amend the Publisher’s access software
12 HINARI Don’tsDo not give the Publisher’s Material or ID/password to other individuals or institutionsif others are interested in HINARI, send them to the LibraryDo not access HINARI while traveling outside the countryDo not put the ID and password on the Institution’s websitecan put a link to initial page of HINARI or have information about HINARI
13 SuggestionModify the ‘Do’s and Don’ts Template’ (Word document) for your institutionPrint copies and distribute to HINARI users - when you supply the IDs and PasswordsHave each new users read the ‘Do’s and Don’ts’ and sign that they understand and accept the limitsYou will have fulfilled your responsibilities as a provider of the Institutional IDs and Passwords
14 Name of Institution HINARI USAGE POLICY Institutional ID: _______Password: _______HINARI DO’sMaterial owned by the Publishers made available through HINARI can be used by Authorized Users or Walk-in UsersAn Authorized User is an institution’s or government department’s employee, permanent or visiting faculty, or studentWalk-in User are anyone who comes to the Institution’s premises and is permitted by the Institution to access services thereInstitution may supply printed or digital materials (documents) only to the institution’s employees, faculty members, students oranother Authorized UserRemote access is permissible but limited to computers owned personally by employees or by institutionPublisher’s material may be placed in electronic reserves for students to access in specified education courses (delete after the end of the course)HINARI DON’TsDownloading or printing: users cannot download or print complete journal issues or books (per journal issue or book, 15% limit)Course Packs: academic and teaching staff may make copies in print or digital form of the Publisher’s Material for course packs; only can recover the cost of producing such course packs from the students; cannot make a profit from the Publisher’s MaterialDocument supply: cannot distribute documents obtained through HINARI to any other individuals or organizations outside the InstitutionUploading: cannot upload/post the material to a publicly available website or elsewhereCannot modify, adapt, transform or create any derivative work from the publisher’s material, software or hosting agent or tamper with the access softwareDo not give the Publisher’s Material or ID/password to other individuals or institutions (if others at your institution are interested, send them to the Library)Do not access HINARI while traveling outside the countryDo not put the ID and password on the Institution’s website; a link to the initial page of HINARI or information about the program is acceptableSIGNATURE:___________________________________ DATE:_____________PRINT NAME:___________________________________
16 Searching Strategy Overview Define your information needWhat sort of information are you looking for?Is it for specific information? - from a data book, encyclopaedia, dictionary or textbookIs it general information within a subject area?Does the search require more thought and information?Who is going to use the information?Is it for a clinician, researcher, student or a member of the public?
17 Choose your search terms What are the key phrases and/or unique words that might appear in a website or article?Are there synonyms, alternate spellings, plurals or capitals that should be considered?What broader topic is the search part of or related to?
18 Decide which sources to use What sources are appropriate? This can range from organizations’ websites and news articles to subject gateways and databases, journals, reference resources, e-books or reports and grey literature.
19 Review and revise your search Be prepared to review and revise your search scope and strategy – by using other sources of information or other search terms or different combinations of terms or by using a different type of searchTry new sources of information (familiarity is sometimes too easy)Start again near the beginning of this process if you need toSee the INASP “Introduction to Using the Internet” workshop
20 Full Boolean Searching Use Logic OperatorsANDORNOTMany search engines allow the use of full Boolean searching with logical operators– AND, OR, NOT between search terms.Relevancy Ranking is the sorting of the results of the search so that the most relevant documents are listed first. Many search engines offer relevancy ranking in search results
21 AND Operator (to combine two concepts) the AND operator is used to combine two concepts e.g. hip AND fracture – in the shaded area
22 AND Operator (to combine three concepts) the AND operator is used to combine three concepts e.g. hip AND fracture AND elderly – in the shaded area
23 OR Operator (info containing one or other term) renal OR kidney – in the shaded area with the overlap in the middle having both search terms
24 NOT Operator (in one term or the other) pig NOT guinea – in the shaded areaVenn Diagrams and Boolean Operators
25 Advanced Searching Techniques Truncation* or $ is inserted to find all alternative endings of a word (gyn*cology or child*)Proximity SearchingNEXT or NEAR or parentheses e.g. (malaria parasite)Case Sensitivityonly finds items spelled exactly as you type themTruncation allows the search for a root word and all of it’s endings including plurals. The symbol used for truncation in most search engines is the asterisk (*). The help feature will give the information on using truncation in each search engine.Most search Engines will allow proximity searching for terms next to each other – Proximity searching.Phrase searching is also an option that allows for searching for words within a sentence or paragraph. This very useful for searching full-text databases.Near Operator will also allow searches for words within a certain number of words of each other.Example: ****************Search engines case sensitivity in different ways. Some ignore capitalization these ones are said to be case insensitive. Some require that some capitalization, these are said to be case sensitive.
26 More Search Techniques Field Specific SearchingTitleDateURLLanguage Restrictions and other limits(to be discussed in the PubMed searching modules)Relevancy Rankinga grading that gives extra weight to a document when the search terms appear in the headline or are capitalizedevery found document is calculated as 100% multiply by the angle formed by weights vector for request and weights vector for document foundField Specific Searching involves searching for a search term in a specific field.We can search the author field for publications by a specific author.
28 HINARI WebsiteThis is the initial page of the HINARI website. Note in the left-hand column, that there are links to the Full-text journals, database and other resources, Eligibility, Register, FAQs and Training pages.Welcome to the HINARI Homepage. This tutorial will look at how to use the HINARI website.
29 The HINARI website address To access the HINARI website enter the URLTo access the HINARI website enter the URL .
30 Logging in to HINARI 1Login to the HINARI website by clicking HINARI LOGIN.Log-in to the HINARI website by clicking “HINARI LOG IN”
31 Logging into HINARI 2We will need to insert our HINARI User Name and Password in the Login box and click on the Login button.Note: If you do not properly sign on, you will not have access to full text articles
32 The “Scientific Publications” area of the website Once we have logged-in we will be taken into the Full text journals, databases, and other resources sub-page of the website.Once you have logged-in you will be taken into the “Scientific Publications” area of the website. From here there are a number of ways to access full-text resources.
33 Other methods of finding journals Articles can also be found via PubMed, Subject listing, Language, and publisher.Articles can also be found via PubMed, Subject listing, Language, and Publisher.
34 Accessing journals by title 1 Journals can be accessed by title from an alphabetical list. To find The Lancet click on L.Journals can be accessed by title from an alphabetical list. To find “The Lancet” click on “L”.
35 Accessing journals by title 2 A page appears containing all the journals beginning with L.A window and scroll bar appears on the page containing all the journals beginning with “L”.
36 Accessing journals by title 4 After clicking on The Lancet, another window will open at the journal publishers’ website.Another window will open at the journal publishers’ website.
37 Accessing journals by via PubMed To locate articles via PubMed, click on Search HINARI journal articles through PubMed (Medline). This will be later in the course.Click on the link to find articles through PubMed, see the PubMed module for more on this resource.
38 Accessing journals by subject 1 Click on the link to find journals by “Subject”.Click on the link to find journals by Subject.
39 Accessing journals by subject 4 An alphabetical list of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases journals now is displayed with links to the journal websites.An alphabetical list of Parasitology Journals is now displayed with links to the journal websites.
40 Partner publisher services 1 You can also access full text resources from partner publishers’ websites by selecting from dropdown menu.We can also access full text resources from Partner publishers’ services websites by selecting from dropdown menu.
41 Partner Publisher Services – Science Direct We have entered the Elsevier Science Direct website.
42 Other full text sources 1 There are a number of Databases and (bibliographic) Indexes. these can be accessed from the list on the right-hand side of the website.CINAHL is a useful database for Nursing material.There are a number of other full text resources in addition to publishers journal collections, these can be accessed from the list on the right-hand side of the website.
43 African Index MedicusWe have selected African Index Medicus.
45 Publishers’ WebsitesFrom the Partner publisher services dropdown menu, click on the Elsevier Science Direct website.
46 Publishers’ websitesWe have entered the Elsevier Science Direct website.
47 Searching – Science Direct Searching can be done across the publisher’s website by title, abstract, keywords, author or journal title.You also can browse by title and broad subjects in the left-hand column.The website also is a database of articles. In Science Direct, there are over 8,000,000 full text articles.
48 Science Direct 2ScienceDirect allows us to search across journals within the Elsevier collection.In this example, we will go to the Search page and enter TUBERCULOSIS in the Terms box and select All Journals from the Source drop down menu.ScienceDirect allows users to search across journals within the Elsevier collection.In this example you can see the A-Z list and search box containing the search term “Tuberculosis”
49 Science Direct 3These are the results for the search tuberculosis in All journals that located 5721 articles. The green box notes that, via HINARI, the articles are full-text available.
50 HighWireWithin HighWire Press, you can access journals via keyword, author or A-Z title list. Note that some journals are a free site and others have free issues; HINARI access is a different mix.
51 Wiley InterScience 2The Wiley website also allows users to browse journal by Subject or A-Z.The Wiley website also allows us to browse journals by subject area or A-Z title list.