Presentation on theme: "Federalism Unit 2, Notes 2. States Rights 10 th Amendment Gives us ______________ States that powers not given to the ____________ government are."— Presentation transcript:
States Rights 10 th Amendment Gives us ______________ States that powers not given to the ____________ government are reserved for the __________ Each has its own area of ______________
Framers Framers of the Constitution knew that _________________ War had been fought so we could have self-government But also _______ that too much self-government (Articles of Confederation) did not work Needed a _____________ central government, while leaving some power for the states to _____________
Strengths of Federalism Federalism allows local _________ over local _________ National action over _________ of wider ____________ Local traditions and needs _________ from state to state, so federalism allows that be ____________
Federalism Constitution ___________ power of government between central (___________) government and several ___________ (state and local) governments Each level has its__________ powers Each ____________ through its own agencies and officials and has its own _______
National Gov’t Powers National gov’t is one of ____________ powers It has only those powers delegated (_____________) to it by the Constitution
Types of Delegated Powers ______________ powers Given to national gov’t in ___________ of the Constitution Spelled out, ____________ out _____________ are found in ______________, Sec. _______ (powers of Congress) Gives gov’t the power to tax, ___________, regulate trade, ____________________, etc. Article II gives President _________________ powers _______________ gives Supreme Court its expressed powers
Implied Powers Not _____________ in the Constitution but are ____________ (implied) by what is written Must have ____________ in expressed power (implied powers must be ____________ from expressed powers) Example Congress has the ______________ power to regulate and create post office so we ___________ that they also have the power to set the ___________ of stamps
Inherent Powers _____________ to the US gov’t because it is the gov’t of a sovereign state Not written in the Constitution but are ____________ to national government simply because they are powers that they have ____________ had Example Acquire territory, ____________ other nations, immigration, etc. (not many of them)
Necessary and Proper Clause Gives Congress the power to __________ They can make any laws that are _______________ and proper in order to run the country Also called the _________________________ (it has been stretched to cover many issues)
State Powers _______________ Powers (10 th Amendment) Powers not _____________ to the national government in the Const. are ____________ for the states Example States can prohibit __________________, set seatbelt laws, require doctors and teachers to have _______________, establish public schools Most government work that is done is by __________, not national _____________________
Concurrent Powers Both __________ and national government have these Example __________, defend and punish criminals, provide for public ______________
The National Government and the 50 States Unit 2, Notes 3
U.S. Constitution The ________________ was created to preserve the Union between the states. It… 1) Requires government to guarantee certain things to __________ 2) Makes it _______________ for national government to do certain things for __________
The Nations Obligation to States The Constitution places several _________________ on the nat. gov. for the benefit of the states. They are found in _________________. The Constitution requires the nat. gov. to _________________ to every state a ________________ form of gov. But the Constitution does not __________ a Republican ___________ of gov. The ____________ is generally __________________ to mean a representative gov.
Cont. After the Civil War, ____________ declared that several Southern States did not have a gov. of _________________ form. It ______________ to admit ___________ or representatives from those states until they ratified _______, ________ and 15 th Amendments and ____________ the voting and other rights of African Americans.
Invasion and Internal Disorder The ______________ of any one of the 50 states would be met as an attack against the U.S. The federal system _____________ that each state will keep ____________ within its own borders so the main responsibility for _______________ any riot or internal disorder rest within the state. However, the Constitution _______________ that a state ____________ not be able to control some situations. So it guarantees _____________ against ____________ disorder or what the Constitution calls domestic ________________.
Cont. Many _____________ of using federal force to restore order within a state happened in the _________. President ________________ ordered US Army troops and National Guard troops to __________ up many riots ___________ to Civil Rights. Normally a President __________ troops to a state only in answer to a request from its gov. or ______________. If federal laws are ____________, or national _____________ interfered with, or _____________ property _______________, the President does not have to wait to be asked to send troops.
Respect for Territorial Integrity The ________________ government is constitutionally bound to respect the ____________ ____________ of each state. It must recognize the _________ existence and _______________ boundaries of new states. For example, Congress must __________ members _____________ in each of the states.
Admitting New States Only _____________ has the power to admit new states. There is only one _____________ on that power. A state ____________ be created by taking territory from one or more of the ___________ states without the ____________ of the state legislatures involved.
Admission Procedure First the area _____________ statehood asks Congress for ____________. Congress then __________ the enabling act this directs the people of the territory to frame a state ______________ A Convention _____________ that constitution which is then put to a popular vote in the ____________ state. If the __________ approve the _______________ it is submitted to Congress for its consideration.
Cont. If _____________ agrees to ______________ after reviewing the document it passes an act of ____________ to create the new state. If the ____________ signs the act the new state enters the ___________. ___________ finally admitting a state, Congress has often set ____________ conditions. But each state __________ the union on an equal ____________ with each of the other __________.
Cooperative Federalism ________________ produces a duel system of gov., one in which 2 basic levels. Operate over the __________ people and the same _______________ at the same time. So its ________________ that both parts cooperate to avoid ______________. Perhaps the best known example of this __________________________ cooperation are the many grants-in-aid programs. Or ___________ of federal money or other ________________ to states and/or their local __________. Example, a large number or state ______________________ were ______________ as land-grant colleges. These were built with ______________ obtained from the sale of public ____________ given to states by the Morrill Act of 1862.
National Powers Because of ___________ among states that came from A of C being too __________, the Constitution strengthened the national government’s power to deal ___________ with state ______________ Interstate ____________ No state can enter into a treaty or ______________, but they can __________ into compacts ________________ among themselves Have to have consent of _____________
Full Faith and Credit Clause Constitution says that ___________ states public acts, records and judicial _______________ be recognized in all states Birth certificates, marriage licenses, ____________, etc. Most often in court proceedings Example ________ someone from another state- can’t move to another to avoid _____________
Extradition The legal ____________ by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to ______________ Designed to ______________ person from ____________ justice by fleeing the state
Privileges and Immunities Clause No state can draw __________________ distinctions between own residents and __________ of other __________ Each state must recognize the __________ of an American to travel in or become _______________ of that ________ Any person can ________, rent, sell ______________ in another ________ Can __________ in another __________