Presentation on theme: "eLearning: opportunities and challenges"— Presentation transcript:
1 eLearning: opportunities and challenges Dr Keshav DahalUniversity of Bradford
2 Predictions“Universities won't survive. The future is outside the traditional classroom ………. Thirty years from now big university campuses will be relics” Peter Drucker, Management guru“Information technology will bring mass customization to learning…people anywhere will be able to take the best courses taught by the greatest teachers…” Bill Gates“By 2020, eLearning will be the main stream and classroom teaching will be supporting part.” International conference on eLearning for Knowledge-Based Society, 2008
3 Distance learning: History Formal distance learning began in the 1890s with correspondence courses…Distance learners:Thomas EdisonAbe LincolnHenry FordEarly media:Correspondence, Telephone, Audiotext, Fax, Cassettes, Film, AV, Radio, TVOpen UniversitiesNew ICT mediaMoving from distance learning to eLearning
4 eLearning: Definitions The use of Internet and communications technology to deliver and support learning by students both at a distance and on campusAn alternative for face-to-face learningFull eLearning adaptation: % learning takes place through Internet/OnlineHybrid/Blended learning: 30-79% through internet/onlineeLearning uses a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) or Learning management system (LMS)
5 Towards eLearning: Drivers New learning infrastructures: intranet & InternetThe new technology means continuous learning anywhere, anytime is now a reality.“Time to knowledge”Distributed workforceCost and competitive pressuresNeed to integrate learning into work processesArrival of “Nintendo Generation” into workforce
6 eLearning - opportunities Access: Making training more available to learners.Cost: Reducing training costs.Content: Greater supply, variety, and higher quality contentRelevance: Specific to people’s work. Courses to smaller learning “chunks”Speed: Responding to constant change and rapid product innovations.Efficiency: More dynamic learning and improved interactivity while learning training and booking instructors.Empowerment: Putting the responsibility for learning in the hands of learners. Greater use of learning communitiesConvenience: Letting time-pressured students learn at the best time and place.
8 Obstacles in eLearning HumanOrganizationalCultural ResistanceInstructionalTechnologicalBandwidthInteractivityTechnology supportDevelopment costs
9 Obstacles in eLearning Old paradigms in new eLearning bottles:One to many teaching may not work – different communication/social/cultural changesnew learning modelsSome eLearning tools designed with traditional teaching conceptBlackBoard uses concepts of chalk-&-talk methodBoldington Common uses analogy of university buildings to move in virtual space
10 Finally .... Some factsSloan Consortium – international organisation for promoting eLearningUSA:Many virtual universities (Phoenix largest; Capella Uni in NASDAQ)20% students took at least one eLearning course in 200890% consider for eLearning option (due to economic down turn)Europe:FP project calls (eLearning framework and open contents)ICT Digital libraries and technology-enhanced (12 projects funded)ICT Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructureseLearning Programme ( ) (25 projects + 16 reserve)EU countries:UK JISC calls, HEFCE calls, eUniversity (UKeU) - £62 million pounds + private finance ???Spain - Open university of CataloniaFrance, Italy, Hungary ???Asia:Virtual universities in Malaysia, Thailand ....ASIAN universities – big investments and collaborationsNepal – open university bill ?Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan ??