Presentation on theme: "Immune and Integumentary Systems. Immune System Functions The immune system defends against disease. It recognizes, attacks, and destroys foreign invaders."— Presentation transcript:
Functions The immune system defends against disease. It recognizes, attacks, and destroys foreign invaders such as bacteria and viruses.
Organs Tonsils – lymph nodes in the throat Thymus – T-Cells made in the bone are matured here. Lymph Nodes – small bean-shaped masses Spleen – filters blood for foreign particles carried by the white blood cells. Bone Marrow – makes white blood cells.
Immune System Bone marrow Tonsils Thymus Lymph node Spleen Lymphatic vessel
Tissues White Blood Cells – blood cells whose main function is to defend the body against disease. Lymphocytes – white blood cells. oT-Cells – lymphocytes made in the bone marrow and mature in the Thymus gland whose function is to attack cells that have been invaded by viruses. oB-Cells – lymphocytes made in the bone marrow that make antibodies to attack viruses in the blood.
1.Recognition – White Blood Cells identify the antigens that do not belong in the body. (viruses & bacteria) 2.Activation – White Blood Cells attach to the foreign cells or viruses and destroy them. 3.Disposal – foreign cells and viruses are filtered out of the blood in the spleen.
Functions Regulates body temperature Keeps germs out of the body Senses temperature, texture, pressure, and pain. Releases oil, waste and salt in sweat. Shields body from UV rays Produces vitamin D from UV rays. Provides waterproof covering that prevents dehydration.
Specialized Cells Epidermis – outer layer of skin mostly made up of dead cells. Dermis – functional layer of skin below the epidermis.