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Cell Energy Chapter 4 Section 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Cell Energy Chapter 4 Section 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cell Energy Chapter 4 Section 2

2 Objectives: Describe photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
Compare cellular respiration with fermentation.

3 Photosynthesis The energy that fuels life comes from the sun.
Photosynthesis: the process that plants and algae use to convert light energy into food energy This food supplies energy for the plant as well as other organisms that eat the plant. Without plants (producers), consumers wouldn’t be able to live.


5 Photosynthesis Pigments: molecules in plants that absorb the energy from light Example: chlorophyll is a pigment (in chloroplasts) that gives plants their green color

6 Photosynthesis 6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy C6H12O6 + 6O2
Carbon Water Glucose Oxygen Dioxide (Sugar) Plants use energy from sunlight to change carbon dioxide and water into glucose (food) and oxygen.

7 Cellular Respiration Food has to be broken down into energy that our cells can use. Respiration means “breathing” But cellular respiration is not the same thing as breathing Cellular Respiration: the process of producing energy (ATP) from Oxygen and Glucose (food) ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate): energy molecule the cell can use

8 Cellular Respiration C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (ATP)
Glucose Oxygen Carbon Water Dioxide Food and oxygen are broken down into carbon dioxide, water and ATP. Most of the energy produced is in the form of heat. This helps to maintain body temperature.

9 Cellular Respiration in Eukaryotes
Takes place in mitochondria

10 Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration
Reactants: light energy, carbon dioxide, and water Products: glucose and oxygen Occurs in plant cells Takes place in chloroplasts. Reactants: glucose and oxygen Products: energy (ATP and heat), carbon dioxide, and water Occurs in both plant and animal cells. Takes place in mitochondria.

11 C6H12O6 → 2 C2H5OH + 2 CO2 sugar -> ethanol + carbonic gas
Fermentation Takes place when there isn’t enough oxygen to do cellular respiration. A small amount of ATP is made during fermentation. C6H12O6 → 2 C2H5OH + 2 CO2      sugar  -> ethanol + carbonic gas

12 2 Types of Fermentation Type 1 Type 2
Occurs in muscle cells, some fungi, and some bacteria. Lactic acid & ATP is produced Causes muscle fatigue/ sore muscles Occurs in some bacteria and yeast. ATP, Carbon dioxide, & alcohol are produced. Carbon dioxide bubbles are what cause bread to rise.

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