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4th European Congress on Regional Geoscientific Cartography and Information Systems Geoscientific information for spatial planning Bologna, 17-20 June,

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Presentation on theme: "4th European Congress on Regional Geoscientific Cartography and Information Systems Geoscientific information for spatial planning Bologna, 17-20 June,"— Presentation transcript:

1 4th European Congress on Regional Geoscientific Cartography and Information Systems Geoscientific information for spatial planning Bologna, June, 2003 Stefan Sommer European Commission Tsehaie Woldai ITC Gyozo Jordan European Commission

2 Introduction: impact assessment and spatial planning problems specific to mining PLANNING: DPSIR framework for mining impacts Conceptual framework developed by EEA for environmental assessment and reporting D RIVING FORCES demand for mineral resources P RESSURES mineral resource exploitation waste production emissions pollution natural resource degradation life quality degradation landuse conflicts I MPACTS natural background historical pollution baseline other landuses S TATE R ESPONSE impact/risks reduction regulations good management practice remediation source receptor pathway

3 PLANNING: Life Cycle Analysis Life cycle of mineral commodity (on-site) prospecting extraction treatment storage Life cycle of mine project development exploration production closing remediation

4 PROBLEMS SPECIFIC TO MINING 1. Exploration: the geological environment Spatial problem: 3D Non-renewable natural resources Natural background FOREGS Underground: high information uncertainity

5 2. Exploration:preparing for mining environmental impacts collected data useful for environmental protection Investigations during mine exploration project Long-term exploration

6 3. Development and environmental planning secondary / indirect impacts Mineral deposit no alternatives for location Mining: brings infrastructure and industry Mining: brings infrastructure and industry other industries: use infrastructure CLOSING !! Concession right actual mining: long-term delay

7 4. Operation All mining projects are unique (deposit type:confined vs. disperse, etc; open vs. underground; etc) change of technology Operation for several decades HISTORIC MINING pollution Natural background Baseline pollution Natural background Baseline Processing in place Collected data useful for environmental protection Market change of mineral mined Market by-products Long-term suspension

8 5. Closing and Remediation Reopening as market prices change Huge amount of waste Long-term monitoring Underground can never be fully restored Perfect remediation impossible: Huge amount of waste Underground Natural background Perfect remediation impossible: Huge amount of waste Underground Natural background

9 Spatial aspects for regional planning 3D problem geology, hydrogeology, mineral chemistry spatial uncertainty 3D problem geology, hydrogeology, mineral chemistry spatial uncertainty PRESSURE Emissions Hazard: local/point source REGIONAL ASPECTS STATE Environment Geology of mineral deposit (natural background) Groundwater system IMPACTS smelters (air) historic mine regions (soil, water, society) RESPONSE Society Regional planning: SEIA Regional/EU legislation

10 Session organisation PLANNING IMPACT ASSESSMENT MAPPING Number of papers: Oral Poster Number of papers: Oral Poster GIS Remote Sensing Environmental modeling 3

11 Session organisation G. Jordan, S. Sommer, T. Woldai Introduction: impact assessment and spatial planning problems specific to mining T. Hamor, J. Halmai Competing land-uses and the mineral extraction industries: a legislation review S. V. Solar Long-term spatial planning and mineral resource management – case study: aggregates in Slovenia S. Veliciu, P. Stratulat Inventory of metal mining wastes in Romania: a methodological approach S. Sommer, G. Bidoglio, M. DAlessandro, G. Jordan, E. Puura, A. Vijdea PECOMINES - linking watershed and regional scale models to the impact assessment of mining activities Coffee break R. B. Wanty, B. R. Berger, B. A. Kimball, P. L. Verplanck, M. L. Tuttle Delineation of environmental tracts in mineralised areas using geological criteria T. Woldai, G. Rukezo Environmental impact study of the area around Rio Tinto and the surrounding mines, SW Spain M. J. Batista, A. J. Sousa, M. M. Abreu, M. Serrano Pinto Defintion of anthropogenic and natural anomalies: an exercise in Neves Corvo mining region, Portugal D. Limpitlaw Mapping mining waste and environmental impacts in Zambia with LANDSAT S. Chevrel Remote sensing assessment and monitoring of environmental impact of mining activities in various European vegetated environments… K. Grösel, R. Belocky Mining site environmental assessement and re- vegetation planning utilizing advanced remote sensing techniques 09:00-09:10 09:10-09:30 09:30-09:50 09:50-10:10 10:10-10:30 10:30-10:50 10:50-11:10 11:10-11:30 11:30-11:50 11:50-12:10 12: :30-12:50 Convenor Tsehaie Woldai Convenor Stefan Sommer


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