Presentation on theme: "DEREL TEMPUS 511001-2010 DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND RESOURCES ENGINEERING LEARNING SURVEY ON NATIONAL CAPACITY NEEDS OF SERBIA FOR GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL."— Presentation transcript:
DEREL TEMPUS 511001-2010 DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND RESOURCES ENGINEERING LEARNING SURVEY ON NATIONAL CAPACITY NEEDS OF SERBIA FOR GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
DEREL TEMPUS 511001-2010 DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND RESOURCES ENGINEERING LEARNING Presentation overview: Introduction Serbian Environmental projects overview Status of the environmental protection sector in Serbia Conclusion
Teaching and technical staff of the of the Department of Environmental Engineering and Occupational Safety and Health, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad prepared the survey Survey’s goal : to present current state of the environmental protection sector in Serbia to show country’s future needs regard environmental protection
Current Environmental projects are in compliance with National Programs and Strategies Mostly projects are under the patronage/supervision of the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning of Republic of Serbia and designated national bodies Some of the projects are funded and sponsored by EU and foreign organizations
Serbian Strategy and Action plan for Environmental Capacity Development are presented in several National Programs and Strategies National Programs and Strategies are following current EU trends in environmental protection as well as EU Directives in the same area Future Projects in the area environmental protection will focus on strengthen the capacities regarding soil, water, air protection as well as further implementation projects regarding Climate Changes
National Environmental Protection Program is defined for the period 2010-2019, sets national objectives in the area of environmental protection National Sustainable Development Strategy for the period 2009 – 2017 National Waste Management Strategy 2010-2019 GeolISS, POPs Project
Status of the environmental protection sector in Serbia
Issues of climate change and land degradation Estimated total annual damage, due to air contamination, including the emission of GHG in Republic of Serbia is in the range from 447,2 million € and 1.370,1 million €, which represent 1,8% - 5,5% of GDP.
Waste water Data from state statistic show that 35.03% of households is under public sewage network. From total amount of municipal waste water, about 87% are discharged without any treatment in the environment. The largest cities in the country, Belgrade, Novi Sad and Nis, directly discharge waste waters in the recipients. Some of the existing facilities are neglected, and many provide only primary (mechanical) treatment, while most of them do not work continuously. Pollution from diffuse sources causes more than 50% of water pollution (RZS 2008).
Landfills Depth of landfill layer Number of landfills % of Total Number* Area (ha)Volume (m 3 )% of Total Volume < 1 m3,30292 819 3,640,1938.3 < 1 < 32106 200 4,344,8059.9 > 3702 321 36,050,68081.8 Criteria’s (m 3 ) <1.0002,70275154604,6291,4 <1.001<10.000698194802,251,9955,1 <10.001<100.0001313.53134,087,5909,3 <100.000511.539337,091,46484,2 Total3,5821001,34044,035,678100
Management of contaminated sites in Serbia is not institutionalized No specific methodology for defining contaminated sites in Serbia Largest number of registered sources of localized soil pollution is related to municipal waste disposal sites, oil extraction and storage sites, industrial and commercial sites. Erosion processes (of various degrees) affect up to 80% of agricultural soil in Serbia.
Survey identified necessity of improvements in the area of environmental protection (legal framework, institutional capacities, lack of methodologies, public awareness) as well as necessary support to Serbia’s accession to European Union in the area of environmental protection Focus is on water and waste water management and renewable energy sources Thus, increasing the public awareness and educational capacities will strengthen capabilities and capacities to deal with growing environmental issues locally and globally