Presentation on theme: "What can we achieve with e-Safety Dr B. COUSYN PSA Peugeot Citroën e-Safety Working Group Brussels June 10, 2002."— Presentation transcript:
What can we achieve with e-Safety Dr B. COUSYN PSA Peugeot Citroën e-Safety Working Group Brussels June 10, 2002
Contents Introduction: Historical Background - ITS and main ITS Programs - European Projects ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) Safety Model Principles- Vehicle Safe Performances e-Safety technologies : –Autonomous vs Interactive technologies Conclusions and recommendations
The main ITS programs ( Europe, USA, Japan) 1 st Period2nd Period3rd Period EU USA ALI ERGS 859091707580939495969701989900 CACS PROMETHEUS DRIVE 1DRIVE 2 TELEMATICS / TAP - IST MOBILITY 2000 IVHS ITS IVI / ITI RACS AMTCS VICS ARTS SSVS ASV UTMS AHS 92 ITS : AHS-i, AHS-c, AHS-a, ASV JAPAN
Information and Communications Technologies Integrated system of people, roads and vehicles Vehicles Driver Infrastructure utilizing advanced data communication technologies in a complex environment Transport efficiency, comfort, safety
Advance Driver Assistance Systems Research from the different programs ( PROMETHEUS, DRIVE, and projects from the 4th and 5th Framework programs) indicated the potential for ADAS systems to provide additional comfort to drivers and to improve safety. Example for ADAS : ACC, stop&Go, lane departure warning, emergency braking, collision avoidance, enhanced vision systems..
4 Th Framework Program (1994-1998) ADAS projects (Telematics Application Prog.) Infrastructure Based Driver Support Collision Warning and Mitigation Emergency Management Autonomous Driving Green Wave & Stop & Go – Urban Drive Control Longitudinal Driver Support - Anti-Collision ASSIST Lateral Driver Support - LACOS Drivers Status Emergency Management - SAVE Integrated Driver Support – IN-ARTE Adaptive Diagnosis and Management – ADAPT Centralised Vocal Interfaces Management - CEMVOCAS Tow-Bar / Platooning - CHAUFFEUR Legal aspects and User Acceptance – RESPONSE Benefits and Deployment Issues - AHSEA
5 th Framework Program (1998-2002) some ADAS projects ( IST program) Common PlatformsSafety Applications Public Transport Autonomous Driving Multifunctional Radar Network - RADARNET New Sensor Systems and Data fusion – CARSENSE New Attributes for Digital Maps - NEXTMAP Vehicle Harmonised Multimedia HMI - COMUNICAR Pre-Crash Detection - CHAMELEON Protection of Vulnerable Road Users - PROTECTOR Intelligent In-Vehicle Terminal - INVETE Tow Bar / Platooning - CHAUFFEUR II
ITS Applications More Technology pushed than Market pulled Not totally technology mature Difficulties : various actors,different product life cycles Dont forget the Customers ! Are customers ready to pay for ITS products and services ?
Phase 4 In Crash IMPACT Phase 2 Danger Phase Phase 1 Normal Driving Primary Safety Model (Draft from ACEA TF AS) PRIMARY* SECONDARY** TERTIARY Phase 3 Crash Unavoidable Phase 5 Post Crash *: Active or Primary Safety = Accident Avoidance and/or Crash Severity Reduction **: Passive or Secondary Safety = Injury Avoidance and/or Injury Severity Reduction Abnormal driving Access to the system Ergonomics Lighting Visibility Braking Handling
Principles Vehicle Safe Performance Reliable Manufacturers cannot allow faults in vehicles Active systems are here to help drivers, they are not going to replace them Affordable e-safety requires expensive technologies or services that customers are not always willing to pay for Compatible Different actors, different regions, different dynamics between products (cars/electronics, telematics, multimedia equipments…) Limits of Drivers abilities (workload)
How to improve Safety ? To achieve reduction in fatalities we need to develop clear priorities based on potential impact and cost e-safety initiative is one of the tools which will enable us to achieve results in the area of Safety Safety is not only about technology, other issues need to be solved, such as : legal, liability, certification, privacy and standardization issues
How to improve Safety ? Fatal accidents in France (2001) young drivers, motorcycles drivers… Main causes for fatalities ? main causes are driver-related Violation (seat belt usage, Alcohol/drug, speed…) Drowsiness, distraction Errors, misjudgements… consistent accident causation data is still needed
What can we achieve with e-Safety ? Source : ADASE II
What can we achieve with e-safety? Autonomous vehicle Technologies Vehicle manufacturers and their suppliers need to develop the electronic architecture and standard interfaces Standardization of those technologies is the responsibility of manufacturers and their suppliers We need to give answers on different challenges (to clarify legal liability issues, to remove any regulatory barriers..)
What can we achieve with e-safety? Interactive Technologies: Vehicle/Infrastructure communication: (ongoing projects with ERTICO) Real time traffic information RTTI Emergency call … Vehicle/Vehicle communication
What can we achieve with e-safety? Vehicle/Infrastructure communication: Example of projects : Aida, Alzira,Marta, Delta.. Emerge Vehicle /Vehicle communication: example of projects: IVHW ( Inter Vehicle Hazard Warning)
Example : Emergency Call E-call Technologies issues are well identified – some private initiatives are operational. A European-wide least cost e-call system as soon as possible. EMERGE project just launched. Joint reflection of industry and Commission is needed towards deployment, viable business model.
Conclusions and recommendations Manufacturers will maintain responsibility for vehicle-related technologies with enabling assistance from the Commission (legal, research, regulatory barriers) will work in partnership on other priorities
Conclusions and recommendations ERTICO must act on e-Call to ensure the success of EMERGE and that its outcomes are implemented Nomad HMI to ensure equivalent compliance RTTI to support data collection and processing from all sources and broadcast by a central body Interoperability of communications
Conclusions and recommendations Commission to act on : e-Call ensuring the implementation RTTI as catalyst ensuring access to data collection, processing & broadcast Elimination of legal and regulatory bottlenecks Continuous support of Integrated Safety through RTD program