Presentation on theme: "A Lessors Experience 4 th EASA Industry Meeting Cologne, November 17, 2005."— Presentation transcript:
A Lessors Experience 4 th EASA Industry Meeting Cologne, November 17, 2005
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Agenda Todays Objectives Introduction to AerCap Lessors and Aviation Our Concerns Case Example The Essence Conclusive Summary Our Request
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Todays Objectives To introduce the Aircraft Lessor Community as a significant stakeholder in Aviation To highlight the Lessor Communitys concerns with respect to the impact of EASA Commission Regulation 2042/2003 entry into force NOT to discuss the details of such regulations, but, To achieve an awareness by EASA for the Lessor Communitys wishes: oTo be granted the opportunity to discuss its specific issues (and suggestions for possible solutions) in dedicated meetings with appropriate EASA staff oTo be granted the opportunity to be represented during formal discussions between regulators and the Aviation Industry
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Introduction to AerCap Formerly known as debis AirFinance; established November 95 Core business: operating leasing and full service management of large securitization portfolios of aircraft Largest operating Lessor in Europe, one of the largest worldwide Fleet of 238 commercial aircraft (owned/managed) 1 Over 90% of the fleet on operating lease Forward order of 31 A320 family aircraft, 21 units due for delivery in 05/07 Aims at expansion (additional forward orders / portfolio purchases) Customer base: 82 Operators in 46 countries 2 Shareholder: Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. (1) of which 30 % in EASA member states (2) of which 33 % in EASA member states
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Lessors and Aviation Lessors play an essential role in the development of European Aviation, both in manufacturing and operations: oOwning up to 40% (1,400 airplanes) of the commercial transport category of airplanes in the EASA member states oOwning up to 26% (3,700 airplanes) of the commercial fleet in the rest of the world oCurrently have assumed purchase obligations of over 600 aircraft from Airbus and Boeing on a speculative basis Lessors play a significant role in the continued operation and development of the European operators: oProviding opportunities for business flexibility in answer to Industry up- and downward economic trends and access to new markets oFor majority of (European) LCCs initial start-up of their operation would not be possible without Lessors involvement oLong term: providing continued opportunities for fleet renewal and expansion Lessors strive for highest Airworthiness Standards observing the combination of global Aviation Authorities rules and regulations in order to achieve flexible and maximum remarketability
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Our Concerns (1) Administrative and nearly impossible burden to assess and provide the EASA approval status of used airplanes to be leased to EU operators: oBasic certification basis, SB status, listing of approved/non-approved changes, repairs, STCs, Challenging task to obtain EASA approval for (older, pre 2003) STCs and (non-OEM) repairs (the more if STC holder does not exist anymore) Leadtime to obtain approvals months The administrative consequences of Annex 1 (part M), in particular the differences in interpretation by the member states: oAlternative compliance (opt-out procedures) at the discretion of national authorities The contradiction of Annex 1 (part M) versus JAR-OPS Subpart M in respect of (component) record keeping: oAt least 24 mths after release TO service (JAR-OPS) versus at least 24 mths after permanent withdrawal FROM service (EASA part M) And more...?
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Our Concerns (2) Resulting in additional high aircraft transfer cost: oPhysical expenditures: Modifications, Approvals, Component re-certifications and repairs: conservative exposures estimated between USD 250k and USD 1,500k for typical single Aisle aircraft in growing size oInternal resources: Lessors currently not prepared or catered for such tasks – limited engineering resources Resulting in significant delays in the deliveries of aircraft to airlines: o2-6 months loss in lease rental income (average single aisle aircraft: USD 175k per month) oLiability for damages incurred by customers oDis-satisfaction of customers All in all exposing a severe aircraft remarketability risk into Europe; a risk which, based on recent experience is rather fact than risk
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Case Example – summer 2005 Aircraft: Fokker 100, average aircraft transfer cost: USD 450,000 Re-delivering Lessee: South America region Aircraft to be transferred to Europe (EASA member state EU-1) Accepting Lessee: Europe, EASA member state (EU-2) Lessor takes measures to achieve required airworthiness standard in accordance with OEMs instructions and EU-1 CAA approved procedures for import into Europe Aircraft exported into EU-1; working party modifies the Aircraft to required standard Post transfer maintenance, Aircraft delivered to Accepting Lessee in compliance with EASA regulations and with EU-1 issued Certificate of Airworthiness Accepting Lessee accepts Aircraft and applies for AOC with EU-2 CAA EU-2 CAA, based on own inspection revokes the CofA on basis of concerns with continuing airworthiness of the aircraft or any component fitted. Result: oAdditional delay of 2 months in delivery (160 K in rentals) oAdditional Aercap expenditure: in excess of USD 350k over and above average transfer cost for this type of airplane into Europe oAdditional Accepting Lessees damages: unknown (> USD 1 million) oAircraft still not in operation....
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, The Essence Aircraft transfer cost are the sum of physical expenditures on the aircraft, and the loss of lease rentals due to extended downtime A severe and sudden increase in future perceived aircraft transfer cost negatively impacts the remarketability and consequently the residual value of aircraft A decrease in EU remarketability and/or residual value affects the availability of aircraft, which consequently will; Affect the competitiveness of EU Operators through either a higher cost to lease, or, a decreased flexibility by not being able to make full use of aircraft leasing opportunities. In addition: Lessor owned aircraft are financed by a large cross section of (major) commercial and investment banks The cost associated with transferring aircraft from one airline to the other affects the risk profile for these banks, and as such the cost of funding, and as such the cost to lease aircraft
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, Conclusive Summary The EASA requirements are disrupting the flexibility based on which the EU operators can continue to lease used airplanes It creates additional administrative and costly obstacles that are seriously hindering the (timely) placement of these airplanes at the EU operators Severe additional aircraft transfer cost to be considered, negatively affects the availability of funding at reasonable cost, and as such the Lessors capability to offer aircraft to EU operators Leasing companies are not represented in the formal discussions between the EASA and Aviation Industry, despite the significance of their role in European commercial aviation Leasing companies are currently not participating in the drafting of the fundamental EASA regulations
Presentation to EASA - Cologne, November 17, We ask you to..... Engage with us in detailed and seperate series of discussions, with the aim: oTo further achieve mutual understanding of the background, added value and implications of the amended and newly introduced regulations oTo define possible solutions allowing effective implementation of such regulations while limiting the potential damage it may incur on the industry on the short term To invite us, as formal industrial representatives, to participate in the committees dealing with the evaluation and design of existing respectively new regulations To assist us in our continuous support and promotion of airworthiness improvement intentions as depicted in our leases
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Eric P. Vermeulen Fleet Manager AerCap Aviation Solutions Tel.: Cologne, November 17, 2005