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Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) State-of-play and Synergies with GNSS Applications Growing Galileo 2009 Brussels, 27, 28 Jan 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) State-of-play and Synergies with GNSS Applications Growing Galileo 2009 Brussels, 27, 28 Jan 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) State-of-play and Synergies with GNSS Applications Growing Galileo 2009 Brussels, 27, 28 Jan 2009 Apostolia Karamali European Commission GMES Bureau

2 GMES in a nutshell Earth observation is a powerful advanced technology which through space and ground based capacities can monitor the Earth's environment and security threats and provide timely and reliable information GMES is an EU-led initiative for an autonomous and operational European Earth observation capacity GMES aims at providing relevant information to policy-makers and other users, particularly in relation to environment and security A flagship of the European Space Policy Builds on existing capacities

3 Background Recent milestones 2006 2007 2008 Consultation
A phased implementation approach for GMES 3rd Council orientations; Graz Dialogue 2007 GMES Architecture ESP Council Resolution; Munich Roadmap; Lisbon Process 2008 GMES Governance Kourou orientations; ESP Council Resolution; Communication; Competitiveness Council Conclusions GMES Space Component EC/ESA Agreement; ESA CMIN’08 Consultation GMES Advisory Council (GAC) Service implementation groups (scientific and technical advice) In-situ working group High-level GMES Space Component Coordination Group Industry workshops

4 Main messages of the 2008 GMES Communication and Council Conclusions
An architecture that puts users at the forefront Public investment with impact on growth and jobs A European initiative open to international cooperation Financing approach Cost assessment EU Programme with modular approach Governance approach Partnership Coordination Defining the scope of the EU added value: towards an EU programme Technical implementation entrusted to existing European entities (ESA, EU agencies, EUMETSAT) Interim governance arrangements

5 In Situ Infrastructure
GMES Architecture (1/2) OBSERVATION INFRASTRUCTURE Space Infrastructure In Situ Infrastructure Users Atmosphere Security Emergency Land Marine GMES SERVICES GMES Services Downstream Services DOWNSTREAM SECTOR Value multipliers

6 GMES Architecture (2/2) GMES consists of 3 components
Space Component relies on: Existing or planned European space infrastructure Development of space infrastructure co-financed by the EU and ESA (Sentinels) In-Situ Component relies on: facilities, instruments and services at national, regional and intergovernmental levels inside and outside the EU Service component Forecasting and mapping services: marine, atmosphere, land, emergency Priorities to develop: contribution of GMES to security and climate change monitoring

7 A user-driven programme
Implementation of services based on user requirements Infrastructure availability guarantees sustainability of services GMES Services Endorsed Service Requirements GMES Overall Management 2 Service Requirements 1 GSC Architecture 3 Decision Implementation Plan 4 GMES Space Component GSC Implementation 5

8 Governance (1/2) Political Coordination
European Commission + Partners Board, Programme Committee Security Board and User Forum Technical Implementation Services Space Component In-situ User interface Coordination of service requirements Service delivery Coordination and procurement for the EU ESA Integrated network of centres for marine and atmosphere Coordination EEA Development of satellites ESA Access to data from other satellites ESA Shared methodology and pan-European integration for Land, Emergency and Security Operations ESA (ad interim) EUMETSAT Commission EU agencies

9 Governance (2/2) The partnership concept: Political coordination
a large number of players will contribute to the implementation of GMES EU contribution through a dedicated EU programme Political coordination European Commission assisted by a Partners Board, Programme Committee, Security Board and a User Forum Technical implementation Space Component coordination, development and procurement for and on behalf of the EU: ESA Sentinel Operations: ESA (ad interim) and EUMETSAT In-situ and Service Components: EEA and other EU agencies

10 Public investment for growth
GMES is implemented through public investment GMES has a positive impact on economy, growth, jobs and innovation Free and open data policy: key success factor Security of Information

11 International cooperation
Imperative to fulfil the European need for information at global level and to develop a cost efficient system GMES partners should ensure a coordinated approach for an international cooperation strategy building on existing cooperation schemes Group on Earth Observations (GEO) process ensure access to observation data not controlled by Europe define the European contribution to this international endeavour

12 Financing Public financing for GMES with a modular approach
Three stages: demonstration stage (R&D funding) pre-operational stage (mixed R&D and operational funding) operational stage (operational funding)

13 FP7 Space: % distribution at a glance
Space-based applications at the service of European society (GMES) (85% of budget, i.e. 1.2 billion) About 30% for services development: EC About 10% for data procurement (space-based and in-situ): ESA + EEA About 45% foreseen for developing space infrastructure: ESA Strengthening Space Foundations (15% of budget, i.e. 0.2 billion)

14 When and how will FP7 Space funding be made available?
Services, SSF R&D ~ 670M€ 710 M€ 48 M€ Space Infrastructure Space data

15 9.1 Space-based applications at the service of European society (GMES)
Development of downstream services Focus on service functionality Build the ‘GMES economy’ – service to a client Consolidation of monitored climate change issues essential climate variables (ECV) Integrating use of Earth Observation with SatCom and SatNav particularly for prevention and management of emergencies

16 GMES Preparatory Actions
prepare the ground for an EU programme complementary to FP7 budget focus on services and user interface 2008 preparatory action supports development of user interface in the field of emergency response budget 3M€ over 3 years Kick-off: 27-Jan-09 2009 preparatory action approved Focus on GMES services similar budget probable publication in first semester 2009

17 Policy and Institutional Issues: Next steps
The Commission will make a legislative proposal for the initial operations of GMES and for an EU Earth observation programme The GMES financing needs will be subject to an analysis led by the EU The Commission will propose interim governance arrangements Additional work data policy international cooperation competitiveness and innovation

18 GMES and GNSS From a technical perspective From a policy perspective
navigation and Earth observation are complementary From a policy perspective GNSS and GMES are both flagships of the European Space Policy From a user perspective there is need for an integrated approach both of different techologies and of space and ground-based systems From an EU policy perspective sectoral legislation is a platform for the use of space technologies

19 Space in support of innovation
European Council included space technologies and derived services as building block of the innovation plan, which is part of the European strategy against the economic crisis Lisbon strategy Growth and jobs SME’s ESA Programmes Integrated Applications Programme Technology Transfer Programme ESA Integrated Applications (IAP) programme

20 GMES Services Three Service areas based on Earth systems:
Land Monitoring: initially European land cover & urban spots Marine Monitoring: sea state & ecosystem characteristics over global ocean & European regional seas Atmospheric Monitoring: atmospheric composition for air quality (European) and climate forcing (global), ozone monitoring (global) and solar energies Further, horizontal components: Emergency Response Security Climate Change

21 Emergency Response Initial scope of service: rapid mapping
Full service addresses entire emergency cycle



24 Land Monitoring Starting with… Main information over Europe
3-5 yearly updates of core land cover / land use data with minimum mapping units of 1-5 ha, improved on Corine basis Land cover / land use data of 500 functional urban areas (100,000 inh.), minimum mapping units 0.1 ha Extension Addition of a global component Thematic services: agriculture, forest, soils, water resources



27 Marine Service Systematic reference information on the state of the ocean over global ocean & European regional seas Observational and model data Now- and forecasting Re-analyses Ocean scenario simulations (with climate modelling centres) Evolution towards marine resource & coastal zone management Component of the EU Maritime Policy




31 Atmospheric Service Main information within & outside Europe
Air quality Climate forcing Stratospheric Ozone & UV Renewable energy support


33 Climate Change and GMES
Address the topic horizontally in the Earth System components of GMES Services (Land, Marine, Atmosphere) Scope Generation of long time series of consistent observation datasets and reanalyses of past observational data  provide added value on essential climate variables identified by GCOS and drive the development of climate change (earth system) modelling to be performed by existing capacities outside of GMES GMES supports interfacing geo-information into socio-economic models

34 Thank you for your attention
For further information: EU Policy and Institutional Issues: EU Space Research: ESA GMES Space Component Programme:

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