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International Higher Education and Research in Environmental Science in Lanzhou University Ruijun LONG International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem.

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Presentation on theme: "International Higher Education and Research in Environmental Science in Lanzhou University Ruijun LONG International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Higher Education and Research in Environmental Science in Lanzhou University Ruijun LONG International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou University, China Engineering Research Centre for Arid Agriculture and Ecological Rehabilitation, the Ministry of Education, China 27th April 2011

2 Lanzhou University Founded in 1909Founded in 1909 One of 38 highlighted Universities (985 & 211 project) in China (>2000)One of 38 highlighted Universities (985 & 211 project) in China (>2000)

3 May 22,2007 Area of the Campus : 648 acres Area of the Campus : 648 acres 31 Schools and 144 units for teaching and research 31 Schools and 144 units for teaching and research 4 affiliated hospitals 4 affiliated hospitals 8 campuses 8 campuses Disciplines in 11 areas of study Science, Technology, Law, Agriculture, Literature, History, Economics, Philosophy, Management, Medicine and Pedagogy. Science, Technology, Law, Agriculture, Literature, History, Economics, Philosophy, Management, Medicine and Pedagogy.

4 Programs Offered 81 Bachelor Programs 187 Master Degree Programs 56 Ph. D. Degree Programs 10 Post-doctoral Programs Component of students Undergraduates : 20,000 postgraduates: 10,000 Continuing education: 10,000 International Students: 500 (25 CSC supporting MSc & PhD; 40 others per year) Students studying abroad: yearly (by CSC or other supports)

5 Faculty and Staff 4,134 employees not including those of Hospitals 4,134 employees not including those of Hospitals 1,637 faculties 1,637 faculties 11 CAS and CAE academician 11 CAS and CAE academician 365 professors 365 professors 762 associate professors 762 associate professors May 22,2007

6 Environmental research plays a key role in Lanzhou University Challenges of environment in the western China under climate change & human immoderate activities

7 Arid<250mm Semiarid mm Sub-humid mm Humid >800 Lanzhou Distribution of arid & semiarid areas in China 52.5%

8 Geographical Aspect of Lanzhou Area Diversity Landscape Biology Culture Production Management ……… Loess Qinghai-Tibetan Xinjiang-Inner Mongolia Lanzhou

9 Lanzhou University Environmentalresearch focus Loess Plateau Tibetan Pleteau West Arid/semi- arid areas (N/I) Equator Tropic of Capricorn Tropic of Cancer

10 Desert Confliction between environmental improvement and agro-pastoral production under poor economic development in the Arid areas Environmental Challenges Sandstorm Water & soil erosion Harvestless Dead Trees Homeless Mal-production

11 The Tibetan Plateau Global warming Over grazing Biodiversity lost Desertification Rodent break out Rangeland degradation Low animal performance ………………………………

12 Succession of degradation on alpine meadow in Naqu Overgrazing + climate change Heavy Extreme ASL>4500m

13 Succession of degradation on alpine steppe in Ali Overgrazing +climate change ASL>4500m

14 Desertification of alpine rangelands in Ali Overgrazing +climate change

15 The rodents damage to alpine rangeland in Naqu Overgrazing +climate change

16 Secondary bare land appeared after sward removed by overgrazing on the Headwater areas of Yangtze, Yellow and Luancang Rivers in Yushu and Guole prefectures, Qinghai province (ASL m)

17 Stellera chamaejasme

18 Some consequences caused by issues of environment and ecology Natural disasters: such as sandstorm, floods etc. Water and soil erosion Biodiversity loss Food insecurity Poor social-economic development ……………………….

19 Environmental research capacity in Lanzhou University

20 Faculty Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences Faculty of Life Sciences Faculty of Atmospheric Sciences Faculty of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology

21 Institute/Centre Engineering Research Centre for Arid Agriculture & Ecological Rehabilitation of MoE Research School of Arid Environment & Climate Change International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem Management

22 Key Lab of Western Chinas Environmental System of the Ministry of Education of China (MoE) Key Lab of Mechanics on Disaster & Environment in Western China of MoE Key Lab of Arid Agriculture & Rangeland Ecology of MoE Key Lab of Semi-arid Climate Change of MoE Key Lab of Grassland Agro-ecosystems of the Ministry of Agriculture of China Laboratory

23 Key Lab of Western Chinas Environmental System of MoE Faculty member: 56 The CAS academician: 3 Professor: 16 Associate professor: 15 Visiting professors:35 PhD students: >150 Msc students: >200 Field stations: 4

24 Key Lab of Arid Agriculture & Rangeland Ecology of MoE Faculty member: 58 The CAS academician: 1 Professor: 13 Associate professor: 10 Visiting professors:18 PhD students: >140 MSc students: >160 Field stations: 6

25 International Centre for Tibetan Plateau Ecosystem Management (ICTPEM) Faculty member: 15 Professor: 5 Associate professor: 7 Visiting professors:4 PhD student: >45 MSc student: >60 Field station: 4

26 Field Stations and working areas of ICTPEM Three Rivers 4000m Naqu 5000m Qilian Mountains 3000m

27 State-of-art instruments Panalytical PW2403 X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer Delt Plus Gas Stable Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer GC-mass spectrometer system MAT-253 Gas Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer XPert PRO MPD- Multi Purpose X-ray Diffractometer Rock Magnetometer Measuring System- 2G760R ICP-MS Spectrometer Biomicroscope

28 Cuiying College (CC) founded in 2010 Chinas Top-Notch students training programme. The programme is curried out in 19 unviersities The selection will be made in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Computer science for about 1000 students per year Dean of CC--President of Lanzhou University Executive Dean Cuiying Students: 40 (top 1%)

29 Training Courses for Afghanistan

30 Similar latitude and landscape of Lanzhou with Kabul ICIMOD Kabul Lanzhou Islamabad

31 1) Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources Management for For Afghan professionals of Afghan Universities and affiliated Institutes from May to June ) Governing and Managing University for research and capacity building for sustainable Mountain Development For senior Afghan academicians of Afghan Universities and affiliated Institutes from 5th to 15th July ) Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources Management is on going now (28th April to 7th May 2011)

32 Intensive irrigation President of Kabul University was visiting farms, 2009

33 Visiting Dingxi dry land agriculture

34 Visiting different universities in Lanzhou Lanzhou University Gansu Agricultural University Northwest Normal University Lanzhou Jiaotong UniversityGansu College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

35


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