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National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology Asian Grid Activities overview Satoshi Sekiguchi Yoshio Tanaka Grid Technology Research.

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Presentation on theme: "National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology Asian Grid Activities overview Satoshi Sekiguchi Yoshio Tanaka Grid Technology Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology Asian Grid Activities overview Satoshi Sekiguchi Yoshio Tanaka Grid Technology Research Center, AIST Japan

2 Talk Overview International/Regional Effort (10min) APAN/Grid Committee ApGrid APEC/TEL PRAGMA Asia Grid Summit Individual activity (13min) Japan – NAREGI, Business Grid Chinese Taipei Singapore Thai For Global Collaboration (10min) ApGrid PMA – by Yoshio

3 ApGrid Technologies and Relevance to other existent Structures Grid Fabric AP partners have Computers: PC, WS, Clusters, Supercomputers; SCE manager; WAN: Internet, APAN, GrangeNet, APII, Tsukuba WAN; Instruments: KEK Accelerators, … Low Level Grid Middleware Security, Process, Storage, QoS, etc: Globus, Jxta, CPM, GrACE, OGSA High Level Grid Middleware Programming Tools: Ninf-G, Omuni-RPC, Nimrod DPL, MetaCompiler Simulators: Bricks and GridSim, Data farm Resource Brokers: Nimrod-G Applications and Portals ActiveSheet, BioGrid, Drug Design, HEPGrid, ThaiGrid Portal, CFD, Chemical Eng., Environmental and Ecology Preservation,… Social Framework Clusters, MPPs,VP, SMPs At SDSC/TACC/Titech KISTI/NCHC/etc ApGrid APAN APEC/TEL Education/training/workshop PRAGMA Slide presented at the first PRAGMA

4 4 Role of APAN-JP Primary hub in Asia for Academic and Research Network in Asia-Pac Aggregating high speed network to be gateway to USA Deployment of Asia-Oriented Technologies Promotion of Global/AP-Regional Applications Promotion of Projects funded by governments Collaborations based on the partnership of NGO

5 5 June 4-5, 2005 CCIRN General Meeting 2005 at Poznan, Poland APAN Regions

6 6 June 4-5, 2005 CCIRN General Meeting 2005 at Poznan, Poland TransPAC2

7 7 June 4-5, 2005 CCIRN General Meeting 2005 at Poznan, Poland GLORIAD network speeds as of

8 8 June 4-5, 2005 CCIRN General Meeting 2005 at Poznan, Poland TEIN2 network Topology with the red points will be fixed at the next TEIN2 Tokyo meeting in July, based on the circuit economy. TransPAC2+Abiline_ITN will provide the backup route to GEANT. Fund will be contributed by EC & the Partner countries of the red points. TransPAC2.

9 9 June 4-5, 2005 CCIRN General Meeting 2005 at Poznan, Poland APAN-JP Connections

10 10 Natural Resource Area Agriculture, Earth Monitoring Technology Area IPv6, P2P, Measurement, Satellite Internet, Television, Multimedia, H.323, QoS User Community Area BioInformatics, Digital Library, Education, Global Design & Manufacturing, GRID, Medical Informatics APAN Event Activities

11 ApGrid Technologies and Relevance to other existent Structures (Current) Grid Fabric AP partners have Computers: PC, WS, Clusters, Supercomputers; SCE manager; WAN: Internet, APAN, GrangeNet, APII, Tsukuba WAN; Instruments: KEK Accelerators, … Low Level Grid Middleware Security, Process, Storage, QoS, etc: Globus, Jxta, CPM, GrACE, OGSA High Level Grid Middleware Programming Tools: Ninf-G, Omuni-RPC, Nimrod DPL, MetaCompiler Simulators: Bricks and GridSim, Data farm Resource Brokers: Nimrod-G Applications and Portals ActiveSheet, BioGrid, Drug Design, HEPGrid, ThaiGrid Portal, CFD, Chemical Eng., Environmental and Ecology Preservation,… Social Framework Clusters, MPPs,VP, SMPs At SDSC/TACC/Titech KISTI/NCHC/etc ApGrid APAN APEC/TEL Education/training/workshop PRAGMA Slide presented at the first PRAGMA

12 ApGrid: Asia Pacific Partnership for Grid Computing Open community for Grid researchers in Asia Pacific First meeting and inaugural event Kick-off meeting: July, st ApGrid Workshop: Sep, 2001 ApGrid can be A meeting point for all Grid researchers in Asia-Pacific A communication channel to the GGF, and other grid communities A pool for finding international project partners India

13 Participating Organizations Australia APAC, ANU, Monash U, U. of Melbourne, Sydney VisLab, U. of Adelaide, Griffith U.Canada National Research Council, CANARIEChina ICT/CAS, CNC/CAS, SDB/CAS Hong Kong CS/HKU, CC/HKUIndia CDAC, U. of HyderabadJapan AIST, TITECH, U. of Tsukuba, RIKEN, KDDI, Osaka U., NAIST, Doshisha U., KITECH, U. of Tokyo, Waseda U.Malaysia USM, UTMNewZealand U. of OtagoPhilippines Ateneo de Manila U.Singapore NGO, iHPC, NTU, NUS, SCS, APSTC South Korea KISTITaiwan NCHC, ASCCThailand NECTEC, Kasetsart U., KMITNBUSA Indiana U., SDSC/UCSD, San Jose State U. Viet Nam MOSTE, NCST

14 ApGrid Testbed – unique features – Truly (naturally) multi national/political/institutional VO beyond boundaries Not an application-dedicated testbed – general platform Diversity of languages, culture, policy, interests, … Grid BYO – Grass roots approach Each institution contributes his resources for sharing Not a single source funded for the development Physical resources Most contributed resources are small-scale clusters Networking is there, however the bandwidth is not enough We can have experiences on running international VO verify the feasibility of this approach for the testbed development

15 Large-scale QM/MD simulation using Ninf-G on SC2004 P32 (512 CPU) TCS (512 PSC P32 (512 CPU) MD Simulation QM simulation based on DFT F32 (256 CPU) Run the simulation for more than 10 hours on 1793 cpus on AIST Super Cluster and TeraGrid

16 ApGrid Technologies and Relevance to other existent Structures (Current) Grid Fabric AP partners have Computers: PC, WS, Clusters, Supercomputers; SCE manager; WAN: Internet, APAN, GrangeNet, APII, Tsukuba WAN; Instruments: KEK Accelerators, … Low Level Grid Middleware Security, Process, Storage, QoS, etc: Globus, Jxta, CPM, GrACE, OGSA High Level Grid Middleware Programming Tools: Ninf-G, Omuni-RPC, Nimrod DPL, MetaCompiler Simulators: Bricks and GridSim, Data farm Resource Brokers: Nimrod-G Applications and Portals ActiveSheet, BioGrid, Drug Design, HEPGrid, ThaiGrid Portal, CFD, Chemical Eng., Environmental and Ecology Preservation,… Social Framework Clusters, MPPs,VP, SMPs At SDSC/TACC/Titech KISTI/NCHC/etc ApGrid APAN APEC/TEL Education/training/workshop PRAGMA Slide presented at the first PRAGMA

17 Overarching Goals Establish sustained collaborations and Advance the use of the grid technologies for applications among a community of investigators working with leading institutions around the Pacific Rim PRAGMA Working closely with established activities that promote grid activities or the underlying infrastructure, both in the Pacific Rim and globally.

18 NSF-funded project lead by UCSD/SDSC. 1 st workshop was held in March Establish sustained collaborations and advance the use of the Grid technologies for applications. Expected outcomes: Advance scientific applications Increase productive and effective use of the grid by researchers and scientists in the Pacific Rim Increase interoperability of grid middleware in Pacific Rim and throughout the world Tightly collaborating with ApGrid. Having workshops 2~3 times a year. P acific R im A pplication and G rid M iddleware A ssembly

19 PRAGMA PARTNERS Affiliate Member

20 Key Activities and Outcomes Encourage and conduct joint (multilateral) projects that promote development of grid facilities and technologies Share resources to ensure project success Conduct multi-site training Exchange researchers Advance scientific applications Create grid testbeds for regional e-science projects Contribute to the international grid development efforts Increase interoperability of grid middleware in Pacific Rim and throughout the world Activities Outcomes

21 Contents: Overview Accomplishments PRIME Working Groups Institutions References Opportunities Sponsors

22 Routine Use Applications

23 APEC/TEL APEC/TEL Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Grid workshop September, 04 and September, 05 More formal structure in this region But … there is only few project budget Still discussing its future

24 GridWorld2004/ May Tokyo forum, Tokyo Japan The first national scale event for gris in the world 3000 registration, 2000 attended, 20 groups exhibited GGF-17 will be in Tokyo, May

25 Topics for today (in 60- min.) Business Grid (no logo) Business Grid (no logo) Tsukuba WAN Grid File System BWC at SC2003 AIST Supercluster GNET-1 Delivery Grid (AG) Gaussian Portal (no logo) Gaussian Portal (no logo) Grid MPI (no logo) Grid MPI (no logo) Grid Applications (no logo) Grid Applications (no logo)

26 National Scale Grid Project in Japan NAREGI Business Grid

27 GridMPI E-Defense Grid AIST GEO GridGrid ASP Gfram (5/17) Ninf-G 2.3 (12/21) Grid MPI 0.2 (11/07) Focus of Grid Technology Research Center, AIST

28 National Research Grid Infrastructure (NAREGI) Petascale Grid Infrastructure R&D for Future Deployment –$45 mil (US) + $16 mil x 5 ( ) = $125 mil total –Hosted by National Institute of Informatics (NII) and Institute of Molecular Science (IMS) –PL: Ken Miura (Fujitsu NII) SLs Sekiguchi(AIST), Matsuoka(Titech), Shimojo(Osaka-U), Hirata(IMS) … –Participation by multiple (>= 3) vendors –Resource Contributions by University Centers as well AIST Various Partners Grid Middleware SuperSINET Grid R&D Infrastr. 15 TF-100TF Grid and Network Management NanoGrid IMS ~10TF (BioGrid RIKEN) OtherInst. National Research Grid Middleware R&D Nanotech Grid Apps (Biotech Grid Apps) (Other Apps) Titech Fujitsu NEC Osaka-U U-Kyushu Hitachi Focused Grand Challenge Grid Apps Areas U-Tokyo

29 WP-1: National-Scale Grid Resource Management: Matsuoka (Titech), Kohno(ECU), Aida (Titech) WP-2: Grid Programming: Sekiguchi(AIST), Ishikawa(AIST) WP-3: User-Level Grid Tools & PSE: Miura (NII), Sato (Tsukuba-u), Kawata (Utsunomiya-u) WP-4: Packaging and Configuration Management: Miura (NII) WP-5: Networking, National-Scale Security & User Management Shimojo (Osaka-u), Oie ( Kyushu Tech.) WP-6: Grid-Enabling Nanoscience Applications : Aoyagi (Kyushu-u) NAREGI Work Packages

30 NAREGI Software Stack Tflops WP6: Grid-Enabled Apps WP3: Grid PSE WP3: Grid Workflow WP1: SuperScheduler WP1: Grid Monitoring & Accounting WP2: Grid Programming -Grid RPC -Grid MPI WP3: Grid Visualization WP1: Grid VM Globus,Condor,UNICORE OGSA) Globus,Condor,UNICORE OGSA) WP5: Grid PKI WP5: High-Performance Grid Networking WP4: Packaging

31 Business Grid Project A new R&D project funded by METI FY2003-FY2005 ~2.6B JPY budget in FY2004, (2.8B for FY03) Leverage IT vendors (Hitachi, Fujitsu, NEC) at Grid investment Next generation business application infrastructure Three years project: Fujitsu, Hitachi, NEC, and AIST Jointly funded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) To be available open-source

32 Business Application Web Server DBMS AP Server Business Applications Physical Resource Pool Standard Job Description Automatic Resource Allocation Automatic Resource Allocation Virtualization Logical Resource Pool Standard Resource Description Business Grid Project (cont) Resource virtualization To handle distribution and heterogeneity Service level attainment Automatic and policy-based management Business application deployment Discover and allocate appropriate IT resources for the application Achieve site portability

33 Thailand National Grid Project Putchong Uthayopas 1 and Vara Varavithya 2 1 Director High Performance Computing and Networking Center Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand 2 Department of Electrical Engineering Faculty of Engineering King Mongkut s Institute of Technology North Bangkok

34 ThaiGrid Project Found Jan 2002 Build up a long term research partnership to explore The construction of Grid testbed and production environment The building of Grid tools and middleware. The deployment of grid technology to support the mission of scientific discovery The development of Grid application

35 Country Report on National Grid in Singapore 22 July 2004 Hing-Yan Lee Deputy Director, National Grid Office

36 National Grid Vision to facilitate the seamless use of an integrated cyber infrastructure in a secure, effective and efficient manner to advance scientific, engineering & bio- medical R&D, with the longer term goal of transforming the Singapore economy using grid

37 National Grid Steering Committee Chairman – Mr. Peter Ho Facilitates & coordinates activities National Grid Office (NGO) Security Middleware & Architecture Governance & Policy Applications Network Working Groups Virtual Grid Communities System Administrators Access Grid SIGs Physical SciencesLife SciencesDigital Media … National Grid Operations Centre (NGOC) National Grid Competency Centre (NGCC) MTI (A*STAR, EDB, RIs) MINDEF (DSTA, DSO) MITA (IDA, MDA) MOH (Hospitals) MOE (Schools, NUS, NTU) Industry (Lilly, Philips. SCS, StarHub) National Grid Governance Council (NGGC)

38 Asia Grid Workshop, July 22 Country Report on Overview of Taiwan Knowledge Innovation National Grid KING Project Whey-Fone Tsai, Deputy Director National Center for High-performance Computing National Applied Research Laboratory

39 National Development Project 2003~2006; 30M USD (TWAREN 60M USD) Build Advanced & Collaborative Environment for Research Communities Deploy Grid Infrastructure and Applications

40 40 Computer Storage Basic Facilities Broadband Network (TWAREN) Extension Sensor International Alliance AP Community HPC Alliance Ecology Bio Health -Care E-Learning Hazard Mitigation PRAGMA SCXX APAN APGrid HPC-Asia Vis. Middleware Application N N N Advanced and Collaborative Environment Healthcare 64bit Linux Cluster Cyberinfrastructure of KING

41 AG for EDU Grid/E-learning Group and Group Communication On-Line Information Sharing Multiple Communication SARS Grid ANL Web-Based Access Grid GIS Sensor net

42 summary International/Regional Effort APAN/Grid Committee ApGrid APEC/TEL PRAGMA Asia Grid Summit Individual activity Japan – NAREGI, Business Grid Chinese Taipei Singapore Thai For Global Collaboration ApGrid PMA – by Yoshio Need to maintain single focal point (even virtually) for Grid Technologies in this region More importantly, how to manage production level grid for international operation

43 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology Asia Pacific Grid Policy Management Authority (APGrid PMA) Yoshio Tanaka APGrid PMA, Chair Grid Technology Research Center, AIST, Japan

44 Background GSI is based on X.509 certificates and PKI. Most organizations are launching their own Certificate Authorities (CA) for issuing end-entity certificates for users, hosts, services. A Virtual Organization (VO) is implemented by federations of multiple security domains. The most popular multi-domain PKI architecture is cross-recognition Independent CAs would somehow be licensed or audited by a mutually recognized trusted authority. e.g. AIST trusts SDG CA operated by CNIC/CAS. CNIC/CAS trusts AIST GRID CA operated by AIST.

45 Background (cont d) Problems of authentication federations All CAs should keep the same level of operation. How the CA is securely operated? Use HSM? Dedicated CA room? … All CAs should have no conflict in policy How the CA identifies end entities? Use face-to-face meeting? Telephone? etc. … Policy Management Authority (PMA) is a coordination body of CA policies and operations.

46 Status of PMAs Currently, there are three regional PMAs EUGrid PMA (established May 2004) Former: EUDG WP6 CA Coordination Group (started in 2002) TAG PMA (going to be established) Former: DOEGrid PMA (started in 2002) APGrid PMA (established June 2004) Unofficially started in 2003 Each regional PMA is responsible for coordination of CA policy within the region coordination of CA policy with the other regional PMAs

47 APGrid PMA: Asia Pacific Grid PMA General Policy Management Authority in Asia Pacific Not specific for ApGrid, Not specific for PRAGMA … Launched on June 1 st, 2004 Defines minimum CA requirements APGrid PMA approved that we accept two levels of CA: Experimental-level CA Alternative of the Globus CA Can be trusted within A-P communities Production-level CA Strict management is necessary Expected to be trusted by international communities

48 History of PMAs March 2003 First meeting with EU, DOE, and AP members Agreed with working on forming the Grid PMA. develop minimum requirements develop GridPMA charter Continuous discussions between AP, EU, and TAG PMA for International Grid Trust Federation. GGF12 and EUGrid PMA September 2004 March 2005 EUGridPMA May 2005 Next week We (AP, EU, TAG PMAs) have agreed with trust with each other for the federation.

49 Role of PMAs (examples) Can EGEE trust your CA? How is the procedure for reviewing/accrediting your CA? Does your CA need to be reviewed by individual organizations in EGEE? If the other CA in Asia wish to be trusted by EGEE, is separate review necessary? APGridPMA will accredit your CA. EGEE does not need to review/accredit your CA. Can your organization trust CAs in EGEE? How is the procedure for reviewing? Do you need to review all CAs in EGEE? EUGridPMA will accredit CAs. Both you and APGridPMA do not need to review/accredit CAs in EGEE. If you will launch a new CA that is expected to be trusted by organizations in EGEE, how should you design policy and practices of your CA? APGrid PMA provides minimum CA requirements.

50 APGridPMA: Status (Members and CAs) AffiliationNameProduction CAExperimental CALCG? AIST / JapanYoshio Tanakain operationwill closeno ASCC / TaiwanEric Yenin operationnoneyes KISTI / KoreaJae-Hyuck Kwakin operation yes CAS / ChinaKai Nanin operation no IHEP / ChinaGonxing SunCP under reviewnoneyes VPAC/AustraliaDamon Smithplanningin operationyes NCHC / TaiwanJulian Yu-Chung Chenplanningin operationno Osaka U / JapanSusumu Dateplanningin operationno SDSC / USAMason Katzno planplanningno HKU / HongKongChen Lin, Elaineno planin operationno U of Hyd / IndiaArun Agarwalno planin operationno USM / MalaysiaBoon Yaikno planin operationno BII / SingaporeKishore Sakharkarno planin operationno

51 APGridPMA: Status Regular (monthly) VTC. (physical) face-to-face meeting once per year. We have started mutual audit In order to implement International Grid Trust Federation, we are preparing APGrid CA RPM file that contains CA certificates and policy files of APGrid CAs GridPMA RPM will include EUGridPMA RPM APGridPMA RPM TAGPMA RPM

52 CA CA CA CA CA EUGrid PMA CA CA CA CA APGrid PMA CA TAG PMA CA CA CA CA CA APGridPMA is a coordination body of CA policies in Asia Pacific. APGridPMA is collaborating with EUGrid PMA and TAGPMA for International Grid Trust Federation. Summary

53 More Information APGrid PMA EUGrid PMA My address


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