Presentation on theme: "How mobility management can help tackle climate change: the perspective of the EIB Mario Aymerich Deputy Head of Division Urban Transport & Development."— Presentation transcript:
How mobility management can help tackle climate change: the perspective of the EIB Mario Aymerich Deputy Head of Division Urban Transport & Development European Investment Bank
Rationale for the participation of the EIB in a project The EIB can become involved either: Up stream, where the EIB financial contribution is critical and the EIBs technical know-how can influence the projects concept Down stream, where the the EIBs contribution supports the overall financial package
Urban transport projects fall within main priorities of the Bank: Environment Regional development and possibly: Innovation Social cohesion EIB, the policy bank of the European Union A policy-driven Bank
EIBs environmental and sustainable objectives Preserve, protect and improve the environment, EIBs Environmental Statement on the web Promoting social well-being Minimising adverse environmental impact in all projects (public consensus) EIB environmental investment focuses on: tackling climate change protecting and enhancing biodiversity promoting the sustainable use of natural resources & waste management improving the quality of life in the urban environment
A project assessment with many facets EIB project requirements: the « three pillars » Eligibility = consistency with EU priorities Technical quality and economic soundness Financial viability and adequate security Comply with procurement and environmental protection regulations
Reasons for financing public transport projects Sustainable urban development Urban public transport projects require public support: Infrastructure (100%) Operation (x%, depending on operators efficiency) Therefore: A technical fee and an operation contract must be assumed at political level Efficient allocation of tasks and risks need to be well understood by all parties, and properly shared A metropolitan transport authority might be required
Planning context General and legal information about the enterprise, its principal partners or sponsors Technical and environmental data of the project Economic data (market, jobs created, economic rate of return) Financial data; operating costs (incl. depreciation and overheads), forecast financial statements (operating account and balance sheet), financing plan Compliance with environmental protection and procurement regulations Guarantee security A test for sound investment Project basic information the EIB needs
The reality implementing complex projects Unfortunately, many major projects use to suffer
The main objective of a PPP is not just to build a nice project but to provide high quality services over a long term period. PPPs are useful finance schemes, but only under a very clear operational context and both the public and the private sectors must recognise and assume their respective obligations. PPPs require a close collaboration among all parties, who must always consider the user as the prime recipient of the services to be provided. About public-private partnership
RISK Assessment –who takes decisions –clear definition of responsibilities –Government partnership –legal & institutional framework (contract issues) –managerial arrangements (who takes each risk) –construction risks (technical, timing, cost) –technology related risks (R&D, deployment…) –financial risks (structure, money cost…) –operation risks (availability maintenance) –market risks (demand, tariffs, payment mechanism) –residual value (concession conditions) –other (political, force majeure…) Critical (strategic) PPPs aspects … and risk analysis, in particular dealing with PPPs, becomes a major issue
Metropolitana di Roma Global warming benefits Reduction in CO 2 emissions: Linea B1: tonnes Linea C: tonnes Total reduction of about 3.3 billion tonnes over approximately 35 years (economic asset life). Assuming a value of 35 EUR/tonne, this has a net present value of 57 M EUR over the 35 year period of time for both projects. This represents approximately 2.5% of the investment cost.
A crucial lesson learned
The Green Paper « Towards a new culture for urban mobility » EIB projects include the construction, extension or rehabilitation of collective transport infrastructures or the acquisition of rolling stock. But, this is not all. Urban development (including social housing) in the context of integrated plans (Leipzig Charter) and, in general, urban environment enhancement projects are also eligible for the Bank. New financial instruments, including higher assumption of risks (both during construction and operation), are being developed.
Joint initiatives with the EC JASPERS (Joint Assistance to Support Projects in European RegionS) is a major joint policy initiative of the EIB, the European Commission and EBRD to assist beneficiary countries (principally the new Member States and acceding countries of the EU) to absorb EU Structural and Cohesion Funds over the next budgetary planning period JESSICA (Joint European Support for Sustainable Investment in City Areas) is a joint initiative of the Commission, the EIB and the Council of Europe Development Bank. The aim is to use Structural Funds to finance Urban Development Funds (UDFs) using revolving financial mechanisms to support revenue-generating projects within integrated urban plans supporting the sustainable development of urban areas. The EIB may act as holding fund of UDFs and is contributing to the initiative with its expertise and complementary financing of projects through loans.
The Clean Buses initiative The Bank is currently preparing a new loan facility (namely using leasing financial principles) oriented to provide advantageous long-term financing to urban transport operators replacing or expanding their bus fleets with new vehicles outperforming existing environmental regulations. Pending issues: European label (adherence of the EC) Green and/or joint procurement Introduction or EuroV and IV standards Incentives to R&D (EC framework programs) Particular treatment of O&M costs