Presentation on theme: "73 rd EAAE Seminar Ancona, 28-30 June 2001 73 rd EAAE Seminar Ancona, 28-30 June 2001 73rd EAAE Ancona, 20011 Franco Sotte Dipartimento di Economia Università."— Presentation transcript:
73 rd EAAE Seminar Ancona, 28-30 June 2001 73 rd EAAE Seminar Ancona, 28-30 June 2001 73rd EAAE Ancona, 20011 Franco Sotte Dipartimento di Economia Università di Ancona Piazza Martelli, 8 60121 Ancona Sotte@dea.unian.it Rural Development Policy in a Diversified Europe: Some Notes for a Research Agenda
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 2 Why this Seminar on RD Policy? Evaluation of RDP experiences (especially CAP) Structural policy, Leader, Sapard, Regional development plans Ag2k But also other experiences of RDP: parks, border regions, remote areas Tools and Methods Instruments for evaluation ex ante in itinere ex-post Data and statistical information Institutional solutions Definition of RDP What is rurality ? What is rural development ? What is Rural Development Policy then ?
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 3 What is Rural? The definition evolves (and corresponding indicators are needed) “Agrarian rurality” Rurality = Agriculture Unit of measurement: rate of employment in agriculture “Industrial rurality” Other economic sectors (industry) prevail Unit of measurement: population density (OECD) “Post-industrial rurality” (dispersion, small scale, common goods) Polymorphism Natural capital, Social capital, Human capital, Artificial capital Economic complexity and diversity Integration among services, industry and agriculture Agriculture: new quality oriented market demand, multifunctional roles Which unit(s) of measurement for the level of rurality?
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 4 Local Specific Rurality Issues? Peri-urban model Integration with metropolitan area: residence, local demand High natural and tourist values Prevalence of common goods and services Commodity oriented agriculture Competition in the international markets High quality agriculture Agricultural and agro-food districts Severe natural constraint areas Dry areas Very remote rural areas Isolation, lack of integration Specific cases of disaster areas War and ethnic cleansing: Croatia, Yugoslavia; Earthquake: the Italian Apennines
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 5 The 4 types of Capital in Rurality Rurality Social Capital Human Capital Natural Capital Artificial Capital
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 6 The Risk of losing the Balance Weakened Rurality Artificial Capital Waste of Social Capital Waste of Human Capital Waste of Natural Capital Less artificial Capital Less artificial Capital
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 7 What Is Rural Development ? Balance between Human-Social-Natural-Artificial capital Preserve the complexity Maximise the resilience Integration between economic sectors Provide non agricultural functions and employment Foster the exchange of resources Co-evolution between rural and urban Improve the quality of life Food security Rural services (tourism & leisure, culture, health, environment, etc.) Increase the overall competitivity Maintain flexibility Conserve uniqueness and identity
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 8 What is RD Policy? An integrated vision of territorial development Between sectorial economic policies Between economic & social, environmental, territorial planning policies With development policies of other territories A related distribution of responsibilities Centre - Periphery Bottom-up and Top-down approaches Government vs. Governance (Formal-Informal) Public and Private A cumulative construction Learning by doing / trial and error processes Based on consistent monitoring and evaluation feedback Overall analysis of policy impact
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 9 Rural versus agricultural development Agricultural development Rural development Rural development Agricultural development Agrarian rurality Post-industrial rurality
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 10 How does RDP Change ? Rural development policy Agricultural policy Agricultural policy Environ.tal policies Infrastructural policies Health policies Tertiary policies Industrial policies Education policies
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 11 Why the present Cap does not Suit RD? Sectorial definition No integration with other structural policies RD regional programs basically only for agriculture Uneven budget distribution 1 st Pillar (price support + direct payments) = 90% 2 nd Pillar (RDP) = only 10% + mixed collection of measures Final effect oriented by prevailing coupled push No comparable support to multifunctional functions Results Distribution of benefits unchanged (mainly rent) No significant support to new/young entrepreneurs Territorial RD reduced to be 10% of a sectorial policy Obstacle to enlargement and WTO negotiations
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 12 de facto rural policy in the EU Rural policy in the Agenda 2000 scenario CAP Leader Plus Price support & direct payments 1st pillar Obj. 1-2 structural policy Ag2k RDP 2nd Pillar Lack of other basic policies
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 13 Which Agricultural Policy corresponds best with RDP? Moving from CAP to CARPE Market stabilisation Environmental and cultural landscape payments Rural development incentives Transitional adjustment assistance An integrated vision of agricultural policy EU + National + Regional Expenditure + tax and social security exemption Targeted towards the entrepreneurs Finalised to a positive turnover (a central role for young farmers) Restore a business and marketing perspective Ag. policy oriented to create a services network
73rd EAAE Ancona, 2001 14 RDP: a Challenge for Ag-Econs? RD: a new experiment in governing in Europe Cooperation between policy makers and researchers Interaction with other economic disciplines, as well as with social and territorial sciences A new leading role of agricultural economists in sustainable development definition and in the corresponding design of suitable policies Thank you