2Definition Training (event): Dictionary definition = activity leading to skilled behaviourInterpretation = skills development leading to a defined learning outcomeEvent = time boundSkills development, learning and knowledge
3Learning as children Do you remember going to school? Did you like it? If you did, why did you like it?If you did not, why did you continue to go to school?
4Child and adult learning Children:Told what to learnAccept information at face valueLearn for long-term futureAdults:Decide what to learnTake in information based on experiencesLearn for immediate use
5Child and adult learning (continued) Children:Have little ability to serve as a knowledgeable resource to the teacher or the rest of the classAdults:Have experiences and skills to share with the facilitator and the other participants
6Summary: Adults learn best when… They know why they are learningThey use their own experiencesThey use a problem-solving approachThe topic is of immediate valueLearning involves an active process of reflection and discussion
7Learning styles Some people learn by hearing and listening. They are called AUDIO or AUDITORY learners.
8Learning styles Some people learn by seeing, watching or reading. They are called VISUAL learners.
9Learning styles Some people learn by doing. They are called KINAESTHETIC or TACTILE learners.
10I hear, and I forget I see, and I remember I do, and I understand Chinese proverb
11Effective training?In the past, much ‘training’ looked like this:
12Participatory training Training based around adult learning principles looks more like this:
13Participatory training: key features Both trainers and trainees are knowledgeable and experienced- there may not be one right answerThe training event is a learning experience for both trainer and traineesMost of these key features are taken fromGo through the points on the slide, expanding/giving examples as necessary:Trainer’s role is to ask questions and facilitate discussions: they are not the source of all knowledge. They understand that people may know the ‘answers’ already but someone needs to ask the right questions to push them to work things out for themselves (The mind is not a cup to be filled, but a fire to be ignited)Both trainers and trainees are knowledgeable and experienced: It is important to remember that everyone has something to offer.Everyone should reflect on her/his own, then share their ideas, experiences and expertise: Learning from real situations that participants have experienced makes the workshop/training more relevantTrainees are active and analytical, asking questions and exploring alternatives: As the first pointTrainees develop their own answers. Indeed there may be many different answers: it is important to remember that in many situations, there is no one, correct answer. People need different answers for different situations.The training event is a learning experience for both trainer and trainees: as above, the trainer does not know everything. In facilitating training, you often learn more about a topic or about the process of facilitation. No two training events are the same!
14Role of the facilitator “The mind is not a cup to be filled, but a fire to be ignited”Ancient Greek saying, Plutarch
16Top training tips 1 Keep lectures short!! 2 Mix up activities buzz groups, small group and large group discussions3 Use flipcharts for brainstorms and hang results up4 Get participants to talk within first 5 minsOn
17How can you make your training more participatory? Think about this training workshop…What aspects have helped you to learn?What other thing could you do to facilitate learning?
18Making a planWhat is the problem?What is your objective?
20ConclusionWhat have you learnt?What will you do differently?
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