Presentation on theme: "How Learning Theories Account for Group Development and Readiness Assurance: Piaget, Vygotsky and Bandura Michael Sweet Division of Instructional Innovation."— Presentation transcript:
1 How Learning Theories Account for Group Development and Readiness Assurance: Piaget, Vygotsky and BanduraMichael SweetDivision of Instructional Innovation and AssessmentUniversity of Texas, Austin
2 Overview Introduction to the theorists and theories Application to group development (me)Application to readiness assurance (you!)
3 The Players Jean Piaget - Cognitive constructivist Lev Vygotsky - Social constructivistAlbert Bandura - Motivational theorist
4 Cognitive Constructivism (Piaget) Learning is: The active, iterative development of mental maps and categories to organize our understanding of ongoing experience.Subject Object relations (knowledge is neither innate nor simply behavioristic)Assimilation and Accommodation Equilibration (carry-on vs. check your baggage?)Knowledge-building-conflict and perspective-taking
5 Social Constructivism (Vygotsky) Development is: Increasingly sophisticated co-creation of a discourse culture via mastery of (and shaping by) its cultural tools.No distinction between cognitive and social developmentHigher-order learning functions first arise “inter-psychologically” then are internalized by the individual (fire sticks)Negotiated intersubjectivity the “zone of proximal development” (ZPD)Think about Vygotsky as coming from an anthropological perspective.“Cultural methods of reasoning”The presence or absence or variations in the kinds of institutions, schools, tools, will shape how the learner comes to reason. Compare countries that do or do not separate church and state. When the church is the state, what counts as a truth claim is very different from when they are separate. We learn to reason within a culture, and to use different tools for reasoning.
6 Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura) Learning is: Secondary to motivation (value + expectancy).Self-efficacy – perceived ability to achieve something specificCollective-efficacy – individually-held belief in group abilityModeling – observational learning
7 Vectors of Group Development (Birmingham & McCord, 2004)Trust in an attraction to group (less more)Goal identification (self-interest group goals)Perception of others’ abilities (stereotype specific)Communication (social task)Frequency of disagreement (less more)Conflict resolution (face saving consensus)Complex intellectual ability (less more)
8 How Would Each Theorist Explain the Instructional Value of the RAP? PiagetVygotskyBanduraiRATgRATImmediate FeedbackTeam AppealsInstructor Clarification
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.