Presentation on theme: "Nuclear Science in Latin-America Alinka Lépine-Szily Co-Chair of ALAFNA Annual General Meeting of the IUPAP Working Group WG., Frascati, Italy on June."— Presentation transcript:
Nuclear Science in Latin-America Alinka Lépine-Szily Co-Chair of ALAFNA Annual General Meeting of the IUPAP Working Group WG., Frascati, Italy on June 1, 2013
ALAFNA The Association of Latin American Nuclear Physics and Applications (ALANPA) was formed in Santiago, Chile on Dec. 19, 2009, by representatives of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. In Spanish is called Asociación Latino Americana de Física Nuclear y Aplicaciones ALAFNA In Portuguese is called Associação Latino Americana de Física Nuclear e Aplicações ALAFNA Chairs of ALAFNA: Andrés Kreiner (Argentina) Alinka Lépine-Szily (Brazil)
Steering Committee (SC) of ALAFNA is formed by the 15 original founders : Ricardo Alarcon (Arizona State Univ., USA) Hugo Arellano (U. of Chile, Chile) Haydn Barros (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela) Maria Ester Brandan (UNAM, Mexico) Roelof Bijker (UNAM, Mexico) Laszlo Sajo Bohus (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela) Fernando Cristancho (UNal, Colombia) Paulo Gomes (U. Fed. Fluminense, Brazil) Carlos Granja(Inst.Exp.Appl.Phys. Czech Tech.U. Czech Rep.) Andrés Kreiner (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina) Alinka Lépine-Szily (USP, Brazil) Rubens Lichtenthäler (USP, Brazil) Modesto Montoya (Inst. Per. Em. Nucl., Peru) Roberto Morales (U. of Chile, Chile) Alberto Pacheco (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina)
Objectives of ALAFNA To strengthen ties among the Latin American Communities doing nuclear research and applications to foster collaborations and promotion of activities, To educate the scientific community and the general public through the promotion of nuclear physics and the peaceful uses of nuclear technology, To do periodic overall assessments of nuclear science in Latin America in the context of world wide activities, and To discuss at a multi-national level future planning of nuclear science activities in Latin America
Role of the Steering Committee: -establishment of ALAFNA governance rules -divulgation of ALAFNA in the scientific community -divulgation of ALAFNA within governments of Latin America with interest in nuclear science and applications
Conferences, symposia, workshops
Latin American Symposia on Nuclear Physics and Applications 1995 Caracas, Venezuela 1997 Caracas, Venezuela 1999 San Andrés, Colombia 2001 Ciudad de México, México 2003 Santos, Brazil 2005 Iguazu, Argentina 2007 Cuzco, Peru 2009 Santiago, Chile 2011 Quito, Ecuador 2013 Montevideo, Uruguay Scope: the dissemination of the major theoretical and experimental advances in the field of nuclear science and its applications..
International Program Advisory Committee R. Alarcon, Arizona State University H. Arellano, Universidad de Chile, Santiago E. Ayala, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito F. Ballester, Universitat de València R. Bijker, UNAM, Mexico M.E. Brandan, UNAM, Mexico W. Brooks, Universidad F. Santa. Maria, Valparaiso L.F. Canto, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro O. Civitarese, Universidad de La Plata Ph. Cole, Idaho State University F. Cristancho, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá C.E. de Almeida, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro O. Dias Goncalves, Univversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Ch. Djalali, University of South Carolina J. Goity, Hampton University P. Gomes, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro J. Gomez, Jefferson Laboratory, Virginia C. Granja, Czech Technical University, Prague R. Jeraj, University of Wisconsin T. Kodama, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro A.J. Kreiner, CNEA and Universidad San Martin, Argentina S. Kodlulovich, CNEN, Brazil S. Lenzi, INFN and Università degli Studi di Padova F. Marti, Michigan State University N. Medina, Univesridade de São Paulo A. Lepine-Szily, Universidade de São Paulo J. Lopez, University of Texas, El Paso A. Pacheco, CNEA, Argentina M. Pfutzner, Warsaw University B. Rubio, CSIC and Universitat de València L. Sajo Bohus, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas P. Senger, GSI and University of Frankfurt H. Schatz, Michigan State University N. Scoccola, CNEA and Universidad Favaloro, Argentina E. Smith, Jefferson Laboratory, Virginia O. Sorlin, GANIL, Caen G. Viesti, Università degli Studi di Padova Organizing Committee Raúl Donangelo (co-chair), Universidad de la República, Montevideo Gabriel González-Sprinberg (co-chair), Universidad de la República, Montevideo Oscar Naviliat-Cuncic, Michigan State University, Michigan, USA Carlos Salgado, Norfolk State University and JLab, Virginia, USA Invited speakers H. Asorey(*), Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Bariloche, Argentina L. Barrón Palos, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico M. Battaglieri, Università di Genova, Genoa, Italy W. Brooks(*), Univ. Técnica F. Santa María, Valparaiso, Chile J.C. Cornejo, College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA C. Bertulani, Texas A&M University, Commerce, TX, USA R. Edwards(*), Th. Jefferson Nat. Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA, USA P. Figuera, Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, INFN, Catania, Italy X. Fléchard, Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen, Caen, France M. Gai, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA M.J. García Borge, CSIC, Madrid, Spain and ISOLDE/CERN, Geneva, Switzerland G. Herrera Corral, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico A. Hutton, Th. Jefferson Nat. Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA, USA U. Koester(*), Institut Laue Langevin, Grenoble, France S.E. Kuhn, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA R. Lichtenthaler Filho, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil W. Lynch, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA A.O. Macchiavelli, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA N.H. Medina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil D. Melconian, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA A. Menchaca Rocha, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico F. Montes, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA F. Nowacki, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Strasbourg, France J.R.B. Oliveira, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil A. Pacheco, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Buenos Aires, Argentina A. Poves(*), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain J. Randrup(*), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA B. Sherrill, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA D. Rudolph, Lund University, Lund, Sweden D.A. Torres Galindo, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia (*) to be confirmed
VIII LASNPA, Santiago, Chile, December 15-19, Plenary talks, 97 parallel talks, 40 posters 170 participants
IX LASNPA Quito Ecuador, July 18-22, 2011, EPN 33 plenary speakers, 55 parallel talks, 33 posters 126 participants
XXXVI Reunião de Trabalho sobre Física Nuclear no Brasil Annual Nuclear Physics Symposium in Brazil, September 1-5, invited speakers, 136 participants registered
-XXXV Simposio de Física Nuclear, 3-6/01/2012, Cocoyoc - Beauty in Physics: Theory and Experiment, 14-18/05/2012, Cocoyoc -Estancias de Verano de la División de Física Nuclear, XXXVI Simposio de Física Nuclear, 7-10/01/2013, Cocoyoc -VIII Escuela Mexicana de Física Nuclear, 17-26/01/2013, Mexico DF -Seminario Lunch Nuclear (first Friday of each month) MEXICO
BRAZIL Ciência sem Fronteira -- Science without Border Objectives are two-fold: -To send undergraduate, graduate students and young PhD in hard sciences from Brazil to abroad students in 4 years to spend 1 year abroad. -To attract visiting scientists from abroad to spend 4-6 months in Brazil Collaboration with many countries and universities
Latin American Program of Physics Meeting of Latin American Physics Societies on Feb , 2010, in Brasilia, Brazil. A Memorandum of Understanding creates the Latin American Program of Physics (Programa Latino Americano de Fisica-PLAF). The mission of PLAF is to contribute to the development of Physics in all Latin American and Caribean countries. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – "National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development" (CNPq) Federal Funding agency in Brazil Call for collaboration projects opened in February 22, 2013 until end of June 2013.
New Experimental Facilities: AMS systems in Brazil and in Mexico
New 14 C-AMS facility installed at Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, Brazil. First in South America.
Laboratory at UFF, BRAZIL
Mexico New accelerator, LEMA, is being built at IF-UNAM Laboratorio de Espectroscopía de Masas con Aceleradores (LEMA), Instituto de Física, UNAM (Efraín Chávez Lomelí, María Esther Ortiz Salazar y Corina Solís Rosales) Inauguración del Laboratorio de Núcleos Exóticos del Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares de la UNAM, marzo de 2012, Mexico DF. Contacto: Elizabeth Padilla Rodal. Detector construction.
Some highlights in Nuclear Physics activities
Brazil Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil (RIBRAS), first in Southern Hemisphere, only in Latin America. In-flight production of pure (99%) radioactive ion beams using 2 superconducting solenoids + degrader. Connected to 8MV Pelletron Tandem. Beams of 6 He, 8 Li, 7 Be, 8 B, 10 Be, 17,18 F etc, energies close to Coulomb barrier. Program: Fusion reactions, break-up reactions, transfer reactions of astrophysical interest. Applied Nuclear physics activity: Irradiation of electronic Circuits to qualify for satelits. Medical physics. Surface studies, Dating of archeological objects. Strong theory groups in nuclear structure(3-body halo nuclei) QGP, astroparticle physics.
Argentina 20 MV Pelletron Tandem, stable beams, nuclear Reaction studies, fusion, break-up reactions. Strong activity in Medical Physics: construction of a high intensity low-energy proton accelerator and a SPECT tomograph for accelerator-based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
Mexico Nuclear structure (symmetries, cluster models, nuclear masses, double decay) T Hadronic physics (LE QCD, quark models) T Cosmic rays (Pyramid of the Sun, HAWC) E International collaborations: T, E – ALICE (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM, Cinvestav, BUAP, UAS) – Auger (ICNUNAM) – RIB ORNL, Notre Dame (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM) – LANL (IFUNAM) Medical physics (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM, School of Medicine UNAM, UAZ) E Radiation physics E – RBS, PIXE, other techniques
Venezuela Applications only - Promotion of the Latin American Environmental Radiation Network to draw a Regional Radiological Map. -New equipment for multiphase fluid monitoring in oilfield exploitation. - Geochronology (IAEA project VEN/ Radiobiology Chile Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria – Valparaiso Theory: study of the origin of the proton spin. Neutrino physics. Analytical calculation of Feynman diagrams. Experimental: Activity at Jefferson Laboratory USA. Santiago : Applications Colombia, Peru, Cuba: Applications
Latin American countries with activity in CERN Argentina Number of CERN users 18 (January 2011) Participation in CERN Experiments; ATLAS Brazil Number of CERN users 93 (January 2012) Participation in CERN Experiments: ALICE,ATLAS,CMS,LHCb,ALPHA Mexico Number of CERN users 43 (January 2012) Participation in CERN Experiments: ALICE,CMS,Na62 Chile(4), Colombia(10), Cuba (4), Peru(2), mainly ALICE
Situation of Nuclear Physics in Latin-America Mostly applied nuclear physics and theory. Two accelerators dedicated to fundamental Nuclear Physics: Pelletron tandem of 8MV- Sao Paulo, Brazil RIBRAS: first radioactive ion beam facility in Southern Hemisphere Pelletron tandem 20MV-Tandar in Buenos Aires, Argentina Fundings: Brazil: ~2.5 M$/year for Nuclear Physics, (include grants, student fellowships, does not include salaries, which are paid by Universities and Institutes) Science without Frontiers: students in 4 years sent for 1 year abroad. Other Latin American countries: lower fundings Support from other nuclear physics communities is welcome!