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Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE ( not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Czech Republic: 2Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad.

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Presentation on theme: "Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE ( not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Czech Republic: 2Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad."— Presentation transcript:

1 Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE ( not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Czech Republic: 2Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. Rez Greece: 1Demokritos Athens France: 2IPN Orsay and CEN Bordeaux Hungary: 2Inst. Nucl. Research Debrecen Italy: 3LNS Catania, LNGS Assergi, LABEC Firenze Poland: 2INP Cracow and HIL Warsaw Univ. Romania: 1CRAI Bucharest Spain: 2CNAM Madrid and CNA Seville TOTAL 16

2 Nuclear solid state physics at IKS ( KU Leuven) (Institute fùr Kern and Stralingsfysica) The nuclear solid state physics group uses the infrastructure of the Ion and Molecular Beam Laboratory (IMBL) to investigate the fundamental structural, electrical, magnetic and optical properties of low-dimensional structures Used nuclear techniques (ion beams and hyperfine interections) for the study of: metallic multilayers surface and thin films growth mechanisms (radiation) defects in semiconductors 1.7 MV Tandem (Pelletron) used for analysis of samples via RBS, channeling spectrometry, PIXE, NRA (Nuclear Reaction Analysis) 100 kV mass separator for implantation of radioactive probes (hyperfine interaction techniques) 200 kV high current mass implanter (end 2006) with a multipurpose ion source (for stable isotopes) for studies on ion beam modification of materials

3 Nuclear Physics Institute REZ U-120M cyclotron designed and manufactured in JINR Dubna Operation started ~ 1975 (improvements and modernization since then) K=40 isochronous machine with both positive and negative ions energycurrents H -, H + 10-38 MeV 40-5 µA D -, D + 10-20 MeV25-5 µA 3 He + 17-53 MeV3 µA 4 He + 20-40 MeV5 µA Fast neutron sources (both monoenergetic 20-37 MeV and white spectrum 10 11 n/( 2 ) up to 32 MeV operated together with neutron scintillator spectrometers and multi foil spectrometry Applications: - nuclear astrophysics processes - fast neutrons for future energy production technologies (EURATOM) - production of radioisotopes employed in the near radiopharmacy department (main portion of the cyclotron operating time)

4 Nuclear Physics Institute REZ Old Van de Graaff 3.5 MV protons and 4 He + ions up to 3.5 MeV several µA and energy stability 10 -4 RBS, ERDA (hydrogène), PIXE, PIGE and PESA analyses installed New Tandetron 4130 MC machine, 3MV (HVEE) Ions from H to Au with energies up to 20 MeV and currents up to tens of µA Routine operation in 2006 and beam lines under construction Microprobe planned in 2007 Interdisciplinary programmes with national and international groups Main research topics: - surface layers in solids for bio medicine and machine industries - new prospective materials for microelectronics and opto electronics - environment - modification of materials by ion beams - radiation damage - nuclear astrophysics and fusion processes also planned

5 Institute of Nuclear Physics of the National Center for Scientific Research DEMOKRITOS Athens 5.5 MV Van de Graaff Tandem (first beams 1973) beams: p, d, 4 He, Li, C, O, F, Ti, V,… Os 30 μA 1 μA 15 μA 1 μA 0.5 μA Basic research ( ~ 60%) - Nuclear astrophysics - Neutron physics - Nuclear reactions on light systems Applied research (~ 40%) - Material science - Biomedicine - Archeometry - Environment No PAC 2500 h/year and 65% external users

6 IPN Orsay Tandem 15 MV Stable beams from protons to gold Cluster beams Six beam lines:-3 for conventional nucl. phys. experiments -ISOL line -cluster physics -industrial applications PAC with external members Fields: - Nuclear structure of exotic nuclei - Clusters in nuclei - Nuclear astrophysics - Nuclear waste - Nuclear physics for energy and environment - Atomic physics NEW! ALTO (50 MeV electron accelerator 10 μA) 10 11 fissions/sec via photofission inside target and up to 10 8 132 Sn/sec after separation Spectroscopy of very neutron rich nuclei European programs: EFNUDAT, EUROTRANS, EURONS, EURISOL

7 AIFIRA (Applications Interdisciplinaires de Faisceaux dIons en Région Aquitaine) CEN Bordeaux Single stage electrostatic accelerator (HVEE 3.5 MV Singletron) bright beams of light ions (H +, D +, He + ) currents up to 100 μA Facility commissioned in January 2006 nanobeams with space resolution <100 nm PAC (11 members with 4 external experts) 5 beam lines:- neutrons 0.1-7 MeV and soon 20 MeV - μ probe - nano probe - external beam for characterisation in air - test for detectors and industrial irradiations Fields: environment, biomedicine, nuclear waste and new fuel cycles, material science, cultural heritage Facility opened to external users from academic research and industrial firms via a technological transfer department European programs EFNUDAT, EUROTRANS, NANODERM, CELLION, COST P9 Running costs ~70 K, technical staff ~ 130 K

8 Institute of Nuclear Research Debrecen 5 MV Van de Graaff providing H +, D +, 4 He +, C +, N +, O +, Ne + Max current 1-20 µA (depending on ion species) Energy stability less 1kV Main instrumentation: scanning nuclear microprobe, PIXE chamber, CLOVER type Ge detector with BGO shield and other Ge counters, target chamber for astrophysics (gamma and particle detectors in various geometries), e + -e - pair spectrometer with MWPC tracking and plastic detectors, e + e - pair spectrometer with SC solenoid and Si micro vertex detectors, high resolution electrostatic e - spectrometer with angular (0-180°) and energy (5 eV-12 keV) ranges Main fields of nuclear research: IBA broad beam and microbeam nuclear astrophysics fundamental interactions (internal pair creation in nuclear transitions) Other research: proton beam micromachining ion induced electron spectroscopy for atomic physics No PAC

9 Institute of Nuclear Research Debrecen Isochronous cyclotron (K=20) for light ions p, d, 3 He, 4 He and max. intensities of 50 µA energies from 3 MeV (p) to 27 MeV for 3 He particles Main instrumentation: split pole magnetic spectro, CLOVER Ge detector with BGO shield and other Ge detectors, SC solenoid and mini orange electron spectrometers, ionization chambers and PPAC fission detectors, scattering chamber with Si telescopes, e + e - pair spectrometer Main fields of nuclear research: SD and HD states in actinide region study of fission barriers study of alpha optical model potential for nuclear astrophysics gamma decay of giant resonances Other research: production of radioisotopes for PET production of long lived isotopes for RIB used abroad thin layer activation nuclear data for neutron and gamma induced transmuation radiation hardness tests of electronic units No PAC

10 Laboratory Nazionali del Sud CATANIA 15 MV Tandem provides up to 200 nA beams with energies up to 10 to 200 MeV depending on mass Superconducting cyclotron provides ions in a wide range of masses with max energies from 25 MeV/A for U to 80 MeV/A for fully stripped light ions ISOL type RIB facility (EXCYT) based on the cyclotron (primary accel.) and the tandem (post accel.), produces 8 Li beams PAC: 1 national and 6 foreign members Main fields (nuclear research): - Exotic nuclei - Reaction mechanisms around the Coulomb barrier - Particle spectroscopy of high spin state - Nuclear astrophysic - Giant resonances - Phase transitions - Nuclear equation of state Other domains: - Proton therapy - Solid state physics - Radiation hardness - Ion beam dammage on biological samples - Cultural heritage - High energy cosmic neutrinos

11 Laboratory Nazionali del GRAN SASSO Assergi LUNA: 400 KV accelerator providing intense proton and alpha beams main characteristics: low ripple, high energy resolution, and operation without operator on site Main fields (nuclear research): low energy nuclear astrophysics via nuclear reaction cross section measurements at stellar energies high purity targets and detector systems available Other domains: particle astrophysics, sypernovae-atmospheric-solar neutrinos, neutrino beam from CERN dark matter rare decays PAC: 4 Italian and 5 foreign members

12 LABEC Florence (Laboratorio di Techniche Nucleari per i Beni Culturali) Tandetron 3 MV with three independant ion sources dedicated to applications of nuclear techniques: Ion Beam Analysis IBA and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS One source dedicated to AMS ( 14 C dating), the other two for IBA All kinds of beams with intensities typically of tens of µA 6 beam lines: - rare isotope line, better 0.5% for the ratio 14 C/ 12 C in samples of historical periods - two collimated external beam lines for IBA cultural heritage and air pollution studies - line with external microbeam set up with scanning facility for elementary mapping - line for standard in-vacuum analysis - line with electrostatic chopper for ultra fast pulsing down to 0.2 ns Main research topics: Archeometry Environment Geology Calibration for timing response of detectors

13 Heavy Ion Laboratory Warsaw University K=160 heavy ion cyclotron which provides beams of gaseous elements and elements available from gaseous compounds from boron to argon - energies 2 to 10 MeV/A - intensities up to a few hundreds pnA - Commissioned 1994, beam time available 3000h/year Accessible apparatus: - large scattering chamber - IGISOL on-line separator - pin diode particle array - large NaI(Tl) crystal segmented in 32 elements - anti Compton shielded Ge detectors - 4π Si ball - 4π BGO gamma multiplicity filter - Ge compton polarimeter NEW: ICARE from Strasbourg National and international collaborations PAC Main fields: - nuclear physics - solid state - biology - applications studies

14 Institute of Nuclear Physics Cracow Van de Graaff (HVEC KN-3000) 2.7 MV protons and He + beams energy stabilty 10 -3 3 beam lines in operation: broad-beam PIXE analysis RBS/channeling microprobe (routine operation in 2000) X-ray and particle detectors PIXE, RBS, STIM Applications: - geology - environment - biomedical Recently: external focused beam developed with a single ion hit facility for living cells extraction to air for archeological objects or biological samples well equipped biological laboratory Collaborations in FP5 and FP6 with ~ 10 European partners: NANODERM and CELLION

15 Center of Research with Accelerated Ions Bucharest FN-type Tandem, upgraded to 9 MV (HVEC USA) commissioned in 1973 - 28 ion species from protons to gold with intensities up to 1 μA - 7 beam lines equipped (photons, charged particles and neutrons) for a wide variety of applications Research topics: - basic nuclear and atomic physics - applied physics using PIXE, RBS, ERDA and AMS - 24 national research projects Collaborations in FP6 progammes: - EURONS (AGATA, EXOSCHAP, ISILHI) - EURISOL - EURATOM Stand alone Electron-Cyclotron Resonance (14GHz, ECR) ion source large variety of highly ion beams at low energy Topics: - atomic physics - condensed matter - applied research

16 CMAM University Madrid (Centro de Microanalisis de Materials) High current Tandetron 5 MV (HVEE) commissioned early 2003 Intense beams with remarkable stability and low terminal voltage ripple Multidisciplinary facility using IBA for archeometry, environmental sciences material sciences nuclear physics and test of detectors Nuclear physics beam line operative since end 2004 full kinematical study of the break up in 3 alpha of excited states of 12 C populated the 3 He+ 10 B reaction at 3 MeV testing for signal digitization of charged particle detectors FP6: EURONS Technical positions are not yet permanent because facility is new

17 CNA University Seville (National Center of Accelerators) Development of technological and scientific projects among Andalusian, Spanish and international scientific communities as well as private and public companies Tandem Van de Graaff 3 MV 6 beam lines for archeometry, art, biomedicine, environment and material sciences 1 line for basic nuclear physics Cyclotron 18 MeV production of radionuclides for PET Mass spectrometer with a 1 MV Cockcroft Walton accelerator (AMS) extremely small quantities of 14 C, 10 Be, 26 Al, 129 I and Pu isotopes archeology, geology, hydrology, material science Remark: CNA and CMAM installations especially adequate for the training of young scientists and technicians who will be involved in programmes at large scall facilities like FAIR, ISOLDE or GANIL

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