Presentation on theme: "T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 Transport and climate change – the challenge Stephen Joseph, Director."— Presentation transcript:
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 Transport and climate change – the challenge Stephen Joseph, Director
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 Starting points Transport accounts for around 26% of UK CO2: this is set to grow and omits international aviation and shipping Transport occupies much of the public debate There is action by Government but transport has got off comparatively lightly in the Climate Change Programme etc The CCP assumed the EU voluntary agreement target for new cars (140 gm/km by 2008) would be met – it wont
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 The case for inaction Cutting transport emissions is expensive per tonne of carbon saved compared with e.g. home insulation The value of carbon saved is outweighed by the economic benefits of transport Changing travel patterns is not (politically) possible and Government cant/shouldnt influence peoples travel behaviour (the fuel protests etc), so any action should be confined to technology (cleaner fuels and vehicles)
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 But… Measures that can reduce transport emissions can be cheap and have good returns There is now good evidence that travel behaviour can be changed without huge protests Action to reduce transports contribution to climate change will bring other economic and social benefits There are choices: transport investment, pricing etc can support low carbon transport behaviour or it can entrench high carbon behaviour – and land use/transport links are critical here And if transport does not play its part other sectors will have to contribute more: business as usual for aviation would require all other sectors having to reduce emissions by up to 87% to achieve the overall 60% cut by 2050.
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 Alternative scenarios…
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 …produce different carbon deficits
T R A N S P O R T 2 0 0 0 Challenges A clear strategy for tackling transport emissions incorporating domestic as well as international action Proper audits of emissions consequences of all policies and spending (0-2000 tonnes in most trunk road appraisals wont do!) Give proper priority for climate change in all transport measures and policies: e.g. Local Transport Plans, rail fares policies, ports Make the choice of low carbon transport behaviour the obvious one – easier, cheaper, more convenient So transport can and must play a significant role in reducing emissions, focused on how people/goods travel, making low carbon transport more attractive, but also changing how much people travel while still maintaining quality of life