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UK Transport Energy Demand By Scott Martin 24 th February 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "UK Transport Energy Demand By Scott Martin 24 th February 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 UK Transport Energy Demand By Scott Martin 24 th February 2005

2 Whats the story? Energy consumption in the transport sector represents the largest of any sector, accounting for 33% of the total UK energy demand in 2003 Has risen dramatically since the 1960s as with other industries, putting an extra burden on the natural resources of the planet

3 Whats the story? Growth at rates seen previously cannot continue into the future Vital that this demand is reduced or more sustainable fuels sources are found if we want any chance of meeting government targets for emissions reductions

4 Increase in demand

5 Why has this happened? Car ownership has increased Distance travelled has increased Cost of private motoring fallen Low cost airlines

6 Increase in private vehicles

7 Increased car ownership 20 Million more vehicles today than 40 years ago Retail prices of vehicles has fallen and is still falling relatively to wages Road building schemes make travel easier Increased disposable income Status symbols Safety improvements

8 Increase in distance travelled

9 Increases in distances travelled People are travelling 3.5 times as much, by whatever means as they did in 1950s Similar reasons to ownership Cost per mile/km getting cheaper More people with licence Bigger safer roads Travel perceived as easier

10 Cost of travel

11 Private motoring is the only form of travel not to have increased relatively in price over the last 25 years This makes other, more efficient forms of travel less attractive, so use of rail etc. declines

12 Low cost airlines

13 Ryan Air, Easy Jet most popular Opened up market for air travel within UK Increased number of journeys to European destinations No VAT or tax on aviation fuel Flights for as little as 99p How can other travel methods compete when prices are this low and so quick?

14 Future projections Based on past trends, I expect that the energy required for a light vehicle to travel 1km will continue to reduce, but will have limits

15 Future projections Eventually the market for new vehicles will become saturated, and growth will slow

16 Future projections Energy demand from light vehicles will show a gradual increase as efficiency reaches its limits

17 Future projections Demand in most other transport areas will also grow, similar to light vehicles Shipping and railways may decline, depending upon level of investment By 2030, I also expect that a larger proportion of the energy for transport will not be sourced from petroleum, although exactly where it will come from and therefore demand for this alternative cannot be accurately predicted with any great certainty at this time

18 Overall I believe that the energy consumption in the transport sector as a whole will grow at least by 1.0% each year but could be as much as 2.5% My Low Growth predictions therefore use 1.0% as the annual increase And my High Growth predictions take 2.5% as the annual increase

19 Future projections

20 Projected transport demand figures Low Growth YearPJ High Growth YearPJ

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