Presentation on theme: "Evidence and Information for Policy Service Availability Mapping Presentation to the MERG Geneva, Switzerland October, 2004."— Presentation transcript:
Evidence and Information for Policy Service Availability Mapping Presentation to the MERG Geneva, Switzerland October, 2004
Evidence and Information for Policy Emerging challenges in international public health –Global agencies focus on national level (MDG) but subnational matters for countries –Health sector reform – decision-making decentralized to districts –Increases in resources linked to performance-based disbursement –Rapid scale up of interventions against AIDS, TB and malaria will have to be monitored closely –Attention to health system requirements alongside vertical initiatives
Evidence and Information for Policy Responding to challenges –Low cost rapid method to supplement household surveys, clinic-based statistics and facility surveys –Information for action at district and national levels –Tools that are feasible, useful, cost-effective –Integrate into existing efforts to strengthen health information systems –One monitoring and evaluation system in health
Evidence and Information for Policy The vision SAM as a country owned monitoring tool meeting the needs of multiple partners. At national level, SAM is used to track equity between districts and identify major gaps in service availability. At district level, SAM is used for monitoring service availability alongside supervisory visits. Disease-specific programmes use SAM, thus avoiding fragmentation and duplication. SAM results are widely disseminated and used by health sector and civil society, including other sectors. National planners are able to map all facilities and all services on a regular basis.
Evidence and Information for Policy Application 1. Data collected using PDAs by district health teams 2. PDA is synchronized with PC for data transfer 3. Data is analysed and maps produced using HealthMapper
Evidence and Information for Policy District questionnaire Questionnaire overview: –Section 1: Availability of services and service providers, by district –Section 2: Estimated coverage of specific interventions, by district –Section 3: Availability of services, by facility
Evidence and Information for Policy Facility questionnaire Questionnaire overview: - Section 1: General characteristics - Section 2: General purpose equipment - Section 3: Injection and sterilization equipment - Section 4: Human resources - Section 5: Trained staff - Section 6: Drugs and commodities - Section 7: Lab tests - Section 8: Information on interventions available in the facility
Evidence and Information for Policy SAM implementation Implemented Uganda Zambia Planned Burkina Faso DR Congo Cote d`Ivoire Mozambique Senegal South Africa Tanzania Sri Lanka Laos Viet Nam Cost ~ USD300 per districts (in- country costs) Time ~ 4-8 weeks Ongoing Kenya
Evidence and Information for Policy Infrastructure topics In-patient, maternity, and delivery beds available in all facilities Blood transfusion services Laboratory services Communication and technology resources Injection practices
Findings The SAM can provide a snapshot of service availability for HIV/AIDS, health services and other services. HealthMapper and palm pilot are a useful way of collecting information that will be relevant for health planning and monitoring. A national monitoring system of the scale up of AIDS-related services needs to be put in place. This should depend on district reports, with special visits to the clinics providing the services. The SAM and HealthMapper can be used to track progress on a regular basis and can also monitor system wide effect on service availability. Goal is to take the SAM to the district level. The district should be enabled to plan and monitor service availability through mapping of facilities and services on a regular basis related to regular supervision and drug supplies.