Presentation on theme: "Presentation to the 2014 International AIDS Conference"— Presentation transcript:
1Presentation to the 2014 International AIDS Conference Monitoring and evaluation of the national health (NHI) insurance for effective health care financing and implementation in South AfricaNHLANHLA NDLOVUCEGAAPresentation to the 2014 International AIDS ConferenceMELBOURN23 JULY 2014This template can be used as a starter file to give updates for project milestones.SectionsSections can help to organize your slides or facilitate collaboration between multiple authors. On the Home tab, under Slides, click Section, and then click Add Section.NotesUse the Notes pane for delivery notes or to provide additional details for the audience. You can see these notes in Presenter View during your presentation.Keep in mind the font size (important for accessibility, visibility, videotaping, and online production)Coordinated colorsPay particular attention to the graphs, charts, and text boxes.Consider that attendees will print in black and white or grayscale. Run a test print to make sure your colors work when printed in pure black and white and grayscale.Graphics, tables, and graphsKeep it simple: If possible, use consistent, non-distracting styles and colors.Label all graphs and tables.
3Consolidated (national & provincial) government, national health, health HIV and AIDS spending, and percent shares of health and HIV /AIDS expenditures in the consolidated allocations (2009/ /17)Source: National Treasury (2010/11 – 2014/15 documents): Estimates of Provincial Expenditure; Estimates of National Expenditure; Budget Reviews. Author’s calculations.
4Historical record of increasing health HIV and AIDS funding in South Africa, nominal figures, R’million. 2003/4 to 2012/13 budget outcomes and 2013/14 – 2016/17 budget estimates.Sources: National Treasury (2004/5 – 2014/15 documents): Estimates of Provincial Expenditure; Estimates of National Expenditure; Medium Term Budget Policy Statements; Budget Reviews; Division of Revenue Bills/Acts.
5National Health Insurance (NHI) goals Effective functioning and integration of the new primary care delivery models. Planning, monitoring and evaluation of school health teams, family health teams, district specialist teams and the HIV and AIDS, sexually transmitted infections and TB outreach model. Improved pharmaceutical supplies management systems and processes to support efficient and effective provision of health services in the districts. Improved supply chain management in relation to the sector non-negotiables. Enhanced district capacity in the areas of district health services planning and monitoring and evaluation including research/impact assessment reports of selected interventions. A rational referral system based on a re-engineered primary health care platform with a particular focus on rural and previously disadvantaged areas.
6The NHI Pilot at district level Pilot started in 2012/13Some serious challenges and delays in spending of the initial NHI grant of $14 millionReduced conditional grant allocations for the NHI pilot from 2013/14, with more money allocated to national health department to support the NHI pilotIssues around contracting with private GPs mainly consultation feesHowever some progress in NHI piloting districts regarding:Building of doctors’ consulting roomsUpgrading nursing colleges, rehabilitation of clinics, and purchase of some essential equipment.Due to slower than anticipated spending, the NHI grant allocations have been reduced over the medium term.
7Reduced direct NHI spending by provinces, supplemented by increased national health spending on the pilot
8Issues from service delivery level Communities are empowered to monitor and demand health care service delivery, and to engage with government decision-makersCommunity monitoring and multi-stakeholder processes show some visible results of the NHI pilots in some places:Increased health personnel, refurbished facilities, smoother transport system to deliver drugs and test results, enhanced communication between health facilities and district health officersSerious issues identified in many facilities, especially in O.R. Tambo District, Eastern Cape Province:Shortage of health personnel; Poor working conditions for health workersExtremely poor emergency health services, especially unavailability of ambulances in deep rural areas; Drug stock-outs still prevalent due to poor road conditions and transport logisticsMost facilities provide good HIV/AIDS services, but outcry for interventions for non-communicable illnessesE.g. insufficient supply of medical supplies for diabetes, skin and heart conditions, child immunisation; Referrals to hospitals very costly, some patients cannot afford transport costs, and ambulance systems not functioning wellExcept for a few cases, clinic committees are dysfunctional, and thus clinic governance issues are not attended to
9So what?Problems will not be solved by the NHI grant – which is very small, but the bulk of health funding should assist in dealing with the challenges.NHI grant provides excellent opportunity for provinces to prioritise systems and processes that will make the health system work.Monitoring of the total health budget is key to ensuring sufficient resources to address the problems.Governance issues need to be addressed. Clinic committees and management teams need to be trained and provided with adequate resources to perform their work.This should be supported by the district level counterparts: the District Health Authorities and District Health Management Teams.Ongoing monitoring is required to ensure that the NHI goals are achieved, since this will mean better systems and processes of health care provision, and improved access to health care by all South Africans.The increasing HIV/AIDS funds from the public purse are commendable, but these need to be watched closed as South Africa has entered the transition to country ownership, with donors like PEPFAR and Global Fund expected to reduce funding and to eventually exit
10Thank You. Nhlanhla Ndlovu Director CEGAA nhlanhla@cegaa. org www Thank You!! Nhlanhla Ndlovu Director CEGAA