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Matching the supply of technical assistance with recipient needs and ensuring best practices – a donor's experience Agust Jonsson, consultant

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Presentation on theme: "Matching the supply of technical assistance with recipient needs and ensuring best practices – a donor's experience Agust Jonsson, consultant"— Presentation transcript:

1 Matching the supply of technical assistance with recipient needs and ensuring best practices – a donor's experience Agust Jonsson, consultant

2 Request by WTO As such, we would like you to make a 20 minute presentation regarding technical assistance and capacity building related to the SPS Agreement. In particular, –we would like you to present how countries may identify technical assistance needs –how to make effective technical assistance requests. –speak briefly on the main challenges countries face in this regard and –identify a number of best practices for SPS technical assistance.

3 Background of presentation Observations here presented are based on the following experiences: –Participation in support programmes in developing countries covering issues related to the implementation of the SPS- and the TBT- agreements

4 Background, cont. Managing training programmes in Sweden, in co- operation with the relevant governmental institution, funded by Sida (from 1999 – ongoing): 1.Quality and Regulatory Infrastructure Development for Food safety and Quality 2.World Trade & Conformity Assessment, Quality Infrastructure Development Ca. 700 participants in both courses form some 45 countries (SPS 200/ TBT 500) The programmes are implemented by: SWEDAC (Swedish Board for Accreditation and Conformity Assessment) and the Swedish national food administration

5 Common facts found in many developing countries Political commitment towards implementing the SPS agreement at national level is in many cases limited Many ministries and many institutions both at central and local governmental levels are involved The areas of responsibility of different ministries, institutions and local governments is not well defined Limited awareness of impacts and effects of the agreements on ministries, regulatory authorities, laboratories, certification, inspection, standardisation bodies, accreditation services and the private sectors etc. The available human resources in developing countries is often underestimated

6 Common facts found in many developing countries Unnecessary power play between interested parties The Codex standards are implemented through standardisation processes based on preparation and adoption of voluntary standards (ISO structures) Private sector stakeholders are not sufficiently involved Limited resources allocated Ownership of the needed change processes is lacking No, or limited harmonisation/ co-ordination takes place Understanding of the overall process of adapting to the SPS agreement is lacking in many cases

7 Matching the needs in a developing country Needs for change must be established, covering all areas of the food chain and all stakeholders (avoid ad hock solutions, completion for support etc.) The needs of the country should be addressed through: –Own initiatives –Drawing learning through the experiences of others, e.g. through technical assistance, twinning Local ownership and sufficient receiver capacity must be established Experience shows: Without full political commitment at national level nothing happens Copy/ Paste work is rarely work. Every country has a unique situation

8 Recommendation 1. Establish an overall approach to identify shortcomings in the National Regulatory and Quality Infrastructure with respect to implementing the SPS agreement (preferably including the TBT agreement) 2. Identify needs for changes in general 3. Design the change process 4. Plan the change process 5. Use the established plans for managing the change processes

9 Proposed tools General training of key people Development of a National Regulatory and Quality Policy Development of an Action Plan for implementing the policy Develop an Analyses of Consequences

10 General Training Establish general knowledge of the whole spectrum of implementing the SPS agreement through training of key persons representing all stakeholders (ministries, institutions, private sector etc.), including: –Understanding the agreement, effects of the individual provisions of the agreement at national level. (e.g. based on international standards, risk assessment, transparency etc.) –Understanding the needs for an institutional infrastructure adapted to the needs

11 National Regulatory and Quality Policy National Regulatory and Quality Policy Establish a National Regulatory and Quality Policy. e.g. addressing the following issues –Identification of areas of responsibility for preparation and adoption of SPS-measures and technical regulations, including: Allocation of responsibility for the different policy areas (primary production, food safety etc.) Preparation, adoption and application of SPS measures and technical regulations. Done by whom? Identify enforcement mechanisms, who does the actual technical monitoring (governmental institutions, accredited bodies), who reports to whom?

12 RQP, cont. 1 Identification of the institutional infrastructure and relations between institutions. National quality movement Private sector involvement and initiatives Education and training Awareness raising amongst all stakeholders

13 RQP, cont. 2 Establish the policy through a process of consensus Involve all stakeholders Give the work a high profile through media etc. The policy and the action plan should be approved and adopted by the highest levels of the country both within government and the private sectors

14 Action Planning Establish an Action Plan for the implementation of the NRQP, including: –List of activities needed to implement each of the policy issues –Allocation of responsibilities for the implementation of the activities –Identification of need for recourses such as funding, human recourses, facilities etc. –Timing of the activities –Anticipated results of each of the activities

15 Analyses of consequences Establish a rough analyses of the consequences of each action proposed in the Action Plan

16 Benefits Through the adoption of the policies at highest level renewed political commitment can be established Through participation of all stakeholders ownership can be better established Governmental structures related to the implementation of the SPS area are streamlined and made transparent An overview of the common needs is established A tool is established to manage the change process at the overall level A tool is established to be used when addressing Donors, with clear objectives and defined activities and estimation of costs and information on the expected consequences


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