Presentation on theme: "Palestinian-Israeli Conflict. Main Players Zionists- Jews from across Europe and the United States primarily. Palestinian- the Arab population of the."— Presentation transcript:
Main Players Zionists- Jews from across Europe and the United States primarily. Palestinian- the Arab population of the Palestinian Mandate British- Desires geo-political positioning for trade and to coax the Jewish lobby into their camp. Newly Formed Arab States- see the Balfour Declaration as a clear violation of pan-arab sovereignty and use the Palestinian plight to invoke favor among their own population.
Jewish Oppression- Pogroms RussiaPoland
Jewish Oppression- Ghettos VenicePoland
Zionism- Theodor Herzl
Balfour Declaration His Majestys Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a National Home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
Chaim Weizmann The Zionist objective was gradually to make Palestine as Jewish as England was English.- Weizmann
Legitimacy San Remo Conference (1920) League of Nations (1922)
Musa Kazim al- Husseini
Mufti of Jerusalem- Haj amin al-Husseini
David Ben Gurion Mapai Party
Revisionist Zionism- Jabotinsky
The Irgun and Begin
Shaw Commission Findings: Landless Class of Palestinian Arabs Fear of more Jewish settlement Recommendations: Passfield White Paper (1931)- British control of Jewish immigration U.S. and British Zionist Lobby => Rejected White Paper (creating the Black Paper)
Findings and Recommendation The premise of the mandate was untenable A unitary state could not exist under the obligations of the Balfour Declaration The Mandate created antagonism between Jews and Arabs Mandate to be terminated Partition into two states Britain would continue to control Jerusalem
White Paper (1939) A Jewish state was not a policy of the British within the Palestinian Mandate. Limit Jewish immigration = cease in 5 years In 10 years, Palestine was to be granted independence.