1Concepts: Conflict Creates Change Conflict Resolution Movement SS7H2b Explain the historical reasons for the establishment of the modern State of Israel in 1948; include the Jewish religious connection to the land, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and Zionism in Europe.Concepts:Conflict Creates ChangeConflict ResolutionMovement
2Vocabulary Words To Know Anti-SemitismBalfour DeclarationHolocaustLaw of ReturnPalestineState of IsraelUnited NationsZionism
3ZIONISMmovement to create a Jewish state (country) in the Arab lands of Palestine in the Middle East region.
4BALFOUR DECLARATIONstatement issued by the British government in 1917 in favor of a Jewish state located in Palestine
5Balfour Declaration in 1917 "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for theJewish people...”- James Balfour
6The movement to return Jews to their ancient homeland in the Middle East is known as ZIONISM
7PALESTINE—a religious connection for Jews Region of land claimed by the Arab Palestinians as their homeland for many centuries; HOWEVER, the Jews have what they claim as the original religious connection to the land.Region important to Jews, Christians, and Muslims because this is where much of what is written in the Old Testament, the New Testament, and the Qur’an took place. There are many religious sites in Palestine sacred to all three religions. The most important of these is Jerusalem.
91922 Mandate for Jewish Palestine and Arab Palestine
10ANTI-SEMITISM prejudice (dislike for a group of people) discrimination (unfair treatment of a group of people)Dislike, unfair treatment, and hostility toward Jews (people belonging to the Jewish ethnic group and believing in Judaism)
12MovementThe student will understand that the movement or migration of people, goods, and ideas affects all societies involved. Have you and your family ever had to move? If so, why? Can movement to another place be both positive and/or negative?
17Anti-Semitism to Genocide “We…shall be compelled to destroy a third of the population in the adjacent lands. We can achieve this by systematic undernourishment which in the end gives a better result than machine guns do. Physically breaking them will be more effective especially among the young.” —German Officer Gerd Von Rundstedt, 1942Photo: Holocaust Museum
18Conflict and ChangeWhat types or examples of conflict can you brainstorm that had to do with Anti-Semitism, the Holocaust, andWorld War II?What types or examples of change resulted from these conflicts?
19UNITED NATIONSan international organization composed of most of the countries of the world. It was founded in 1945 to promote peace, security, and economic development.
21STATE OF ISRAELIn 1947, the United Nations approved the partition of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab.On May 14, 1948 the state of Israel declared independence and this was followed by a war with the surrounding Arab states, which refused to accept the UN plan.