Why less adjustment? Class size norms allowed for smaller classes Very painful to lay off a teacher Even more painful to close down a school With financing tied to classes, there was no incentive for a principal or a mayor try to create a bigger class? – Losing a class meant losing teachers!
As a result, a lot more is spent to educate a student 19912006 = 36 = 2 = 200 = 26 = 2 = 200 Per student cost = 200/36 = 5.6 Per student cost = 200/26 = 7.6 A 40 percent increase in the cost per child!
THE BIG QUESTIONS Has quality improved as a result of the increased spending? What is the real purpose of the higher cost per student? – To get higher quality of education? or – To keep schools in rural areas?
What is the opportunity? 2011 no reforms2011 reforms = 200 = 200 The butter is spread thinly. On many teachers, with low salaries. To maintain lots of buildings Better use of resources Pay fewer teachers more Have more resources for books and computers