Presentation on theme: "Ideology and the Scope of Government"— Presentation transcript:
1Ideology and the Scope of Government Political Ideology is a consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of governmentHow far should government go to maintain order, provide public goods/services, and promote equality?
2Two Dilemmas of Government The original dilemma of government involves freedom versus order.The modern dilemma of government involves freedom versus equality.
3Importance of Order and Freedom World Values Survey
5Ideology and the Scope of Government Where is the USA in regards to Political and Economic Theories?
6Political TheoriesTotalitarianism = govt. should have unlimited power to control all sectors of society (business, labor, arts, sports)Liberalism =govt. should leave individuals free to follow their own pursuits (but allows some limited regulation by government)Libertarianism =opposed to all govt. action except as needed to protect life and propertyAnarchism =opposes govt. in any form; values freedom above all else
7Economic TheoriesSocialism = the central govt. plays a strong role in regulating existing private industry and directing the economy and allows some private ownershipDemocratic Socialism is most common today in EuropeCapitalism = the govt. favors free enterprise (privately owned businesses) to operate the marketplace/economyLaissez Faire =govt. should not intervene in the marketplace/economyCommunism = involves a theory that gives ownership of all land and productive facilities to the people; the government (or the “state”)
8Capitalism v. Socialism Equality of opportunity is the concern of capitalism:1. Everyone should have an equal chance2. Equality of outcome is believed to be impossibleEquality of outcome is the concern of socialism:1. People should be as equal as possible ina) Incomeb) Educationc) Occupational status2. Equality of opportunity is believed to be impossible
9Political Labels in the USA Liberal = willing to use government to promote freedom but not orderConservative = willing to use government to promote order but not equality
10Liberal* in USA Conservative* in USA -wants a more -wants govt to limit activist govt itself at all levels-looks to govt. to -wants less govt.solve problems control-wants change in -keep the statuspolicy rather than quo than change policystatus quo -stresses individual-passion for helping responsibility anddisadvantaged and freedom in marketsunorganized -supports laws for-supports freedom on control on moral or moral or personal choice issuespersonal choice issues***in most cases***