7Radicals Man are by nature, good and cooperative. Focused on the idea of the perfect society.Government can become corrupt and should never infringe on the rights of individualsConcerned with equalityWilling to resort to violence or breaking the law to achieve goals
8Liberals Part of our system Capitalism is best but needs some reformsHuman rights over property rightGovernment should help those who cannotReform should take moderate meansNeed a large federal governmentBelief in Free speechAll rights for all people should be protectedNeed government regulations“Left Wing”
9Moderates Made up of both Republicans and Democrats More concerned about compromiseTend to agree with issues of both liberals and ConservativesTend to find Political candidates from this areaCan be criticized for not doing enough at times
10Conservative Part of our system Society represents accumulated wisdom and presents a proven formulaStatus QuoLegitimate authority is neededOppose strong central governmentFavors state rightsGood of majority over the minorityFavors cutting government programsShould protect economic interests“Right Wing”
11Reactionary FascismThe ideas of the past are the correct ones which we should restore today.Communism is a direct threat to our societyWilling to use any means necessary to achieve goals – violence or breaking laws
12Other TermsSocialist – man is a cooperative being who is willing to work with others in a communal effort. The purpose of society is not to make a profit rather it is to eliminate poverty.Pragmatist – When a problem is present, it is to be solved. What ever solution works best for the particular problem should be used.
13There is NO party here. The One-Party system Truly a no party system. Exists in most dictatorships.The government is simply an instrument of the partyTruly a no party system.Ex. China
14It’s my party (or lack thereof), And I’ll cry if I want to.
15So many parties, so little time. Multi-Party SystemMany parties based on religion, economic class, sectional attachment, or political ideology.Unstable Coalitions must be formed.ex. Germany (MOST European democracies)
16Why is my date book so empty? The two-party system.Two dominant political parties control most elections. Minor parties, if they exist get little or no portion of the electorate.
17What does it look like for us? The Two-Party SystemWhat does it look like for us?
18What do Parties Do?Nominate—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office.Inform and Activate Supporters—Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates.Act as a Bonding Agent—Guarantee that their candidate is worthy of the office.
19Republican Democrat Issues Free (private) Enterprise Prove to us that Government can do it betterDemocratGovernmentProve that private industry can do it better
20Philosophy Democrats Republicans Liberal Promote policies that represent new approaches.RepublicansConservativeCautious about change.
27The Reality is not so black and white… or red and blue!
28Reasons for Party Decline IndependentsMistrust of Government“Open” PrimariesTechnologyEnd of PatronageAll of the above leads to…Electoral Independence!!
29What is a Political Platform? States the main ideas of the partyExplains why it was started, stance on main issues and current agenda
30Party Platform Differences The Political Parties are NOT the same. They are supported by different types of people who feel differently on issues. Bills in Congress reflect party-line voting at least 90% of the time! If there wasn’t a “dimes worth of difference” between the parties, this would not be the case.
31Economic Protest Parties Minor Parties in the United StatesTypes of Minor PartiesIdeological PartiesExample: Libertarian Party-rights of the individualSingle-issue PartiesExample: Free Soil Party-eliminate slaveryEconomic Protest PartiesExample: The Greenback Party-against gov’t regulation of $Splinter PartyExample: “Bull Moose” Progressive Party-against patronage system
34Why are Minor Parties important? Minor parties play several important roles:“Spoiler Role”CriticInnovator
35The Three Components of the Party Party ComponentsThe Party Organization:Those who run and control the party machinery.The Party in the ElectorateThose who always or almost always vote for party candidates.The Party in GovernmentThose who hold office in the government.
36More on the Future… For candidates: Structural changes have increased conflict and disorganization within partiesChanges in the technology of campaigning, especially the use of television and the Internet, have made candidates more independent of the party organizationThe growth of single-issue organizations provides candidates with another source of financial support