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Cumberland (National) Road 1811 – 1839
Conestoga Covered Wagons Conestoga Trail, 1820s
Erie Canal System
Erie Canal, 1820s Begun in 1817; completed in 1825
Principal Canals in 1840
Robert Fulton & the Steamboat 1807: The Clermont
Inland Freight Rates
The Iron Horse Wins! (1830) miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RR By mi. of RR track By ,000 mi.
The Railroad Revolution, 1850s p Mostly immigrant labor built northern RRs. p Mostly slave labor built southern RRs.
patents approved ,357 patents approved
Eli Whitneys Cotton Gin, 1791
Eli Whitneys Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle
John Deere & the Steel Plow (1837)
Cyrus McCormick & the Mechanical Reaper: 1831
Samuel F. B. Morse 1840 – Telegraph
Elias Howe & Isaac Singer 1840s Sewing Machine
Samuel Slater (Father of the Factory System)
Daguerreotype of a young mill girl, c. 1850, Massachusetts This young girl probably worked at a mill in Waltham or Lowell during the late 1840s. Her swollen and rough hands contrast with her youth, neat dress, and carefully tied, beribboned hair. Her hands suggest that she worked, as did most 12- and 13-year-olds, as a warper, straightening the strands of cotton or wool as they entered the looms. (Courtesy of Jack Naylor) Daguerreotype of a young mill girl, c. 1850, Massachusetts Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Middlesex Company Woolen Mills, Lowell, Massachusetts, c. 1848, artist unknown In the 1830s an unknown artist painted Middlesex Company Woolen Mills, portraying the hulking mass of the mill buildings. The company organized all the manufacturing processes at a single location, in Lowell, Massachusetts, on the Merrimack River. (Museum of American Textile History) Middlesex Company Woolen Mills, Lowell, Massachusetts, c. 1848, artist unknown Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
New England Textile Centers 1830s
Regional Specialization NORTHEAST Industrial SOUTH Cotton & Slavery WEST The Nations Breadbasket
American Population Centers in 1820
American Population Centers in 1860
National Origin of Immigrants: Why so many from Ireland and Germany?
The Order of the Star- Spangled Banner Nativism
Changing Occupation Distributions:
Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: 5.3 million Population Growth from 1620 to 1860.
9.1: INVENTORS AND INVENTIONS. TIMELINE OF AMERICAN INVENTIONS 1791: Sam Slater brings the textile mill to US 1793: Eli Whitney invents cotton gin 1798:
Tuesday 2.02 & 2.03 TLWD comprehension of how the growth of nationalism & sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, & language AND Analysis of the.
The Early Industrial and Transportation Revolution Chapter 14.
Early Industry and Inventions. Inventors and Famous Inventions.
Chapter 12 – The North Section Notes The Industrial Revolution in America Changes in Working Life The Transportation Revolution More Technological Advances.
8.6.1 The Industrial Revolution in America The Big Idea The Industrial Revolution transformed the way goods were produced in the United States. Main Ideas.
America Becomes More Democratic. Industries Develop Slowly Most Americans are farmers before 1800 Few skilled workers People rush West into even more.
American Evolution A Study of Reform Movements and the Growth of the United States.
Chapter 20: Industrialization and Immigration Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age Section 1 American Enters the Industrial Age.
The Economic Revolution 1820–1860. How did industrialization affect the economy? How and why did a transportation revolution occur before 1860? Why did.
Women in Society -cult of domesticity husband, children, home, church -could not vote in most places -could not own property or keep wages if husband lived.
Vocabulary Industrial Revolution Interchangeable parts Mass production Eli Whitney Rhode Island System Lowell System Textile Telegraph Steel plow Mechanical.
The Industrial & Agricultural North. Early Textile Manufacturing 1789 Samuel Slater arrived in America 1789 Samuel Slater arrived in America Slater built.
1 1 Chapter 13 Westward Expansion ( ) Oregon Country In the spring of 1846 many people were on their way to the western frontier. As the.
Essential Questions United States History – Unit Two 1. How has the nature of democracy in the U.S. changed as society has grown and changed? 2. How did.
Industrial and Technological Boom Questions to answer Why did people’s daily lives change in the decades following the Civil War? How did advances in.
Regional Economies Create Differences Industrial Revolution.
THE RAPID GROWTH OF INDUSTRY Obj: To understand how technological improvements increased industrial productivity by looking at the factors that.
1 The Industrial Revolution From Agriculture To Industrialization By Marvin L. Scott.
THE MARKET REVOLUTION THE RISE OF A MARKET ECONOMY DUE TO CHANGES IN TRANSPORTATION A NEW ECONOMIC SYSTEM WILL DEVELOP FARM INCOME INCREASED.
Chapter 12 and 13 Review. #1 Why were changes to manufacturing needed in the mid-1700s? a. Factory owners were not satisfied with the size of their profits.
Intro to the Early Industrial Revolution How do inventions and technology impact people’s lives in positive, negative, and unexpected ways?
Chapter 11 The Nation Grows and Prospers Sections 1 &2 The Industrial Revolution Americans Move Westward.
The Industrial Revolution Setting the Scene Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330.
Economic History of the United States – A Review But not including slavery.
Chapter 6 Population and Labor Force Copyright © 2007 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION THE DOMESTIC SYSTEM TO THE FACTORY SYSTEM.
The Growth of Industry Section: 1. Late 1700s saw establishment of textile mills in New England (Northeast US). By mid-1800s, factories spread to other.
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