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Refer to the next 10 slides Cumberland (National) Road 1811 – 1839.

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Presentation on theme: "Refer to the next 10 slides Cumberland (National) Road 1811 – 1839."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Refer to the next 10 slides

4 Cumberland (National) Road 1811 – 1839

5 Conestoga Covered Wagons Conestoga Trail, 1820s

6 Erie Canal System

7 Erie Canal, 1820s Begun in 1817; completed in 1825

8 Principal Canals in 1840

9 Robert Fulton & the Steamboat 1807: The Clermont

10 Inland Freight Rates

11 Clipper Ships

12 The Iron Horse Wins! (1830) miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RR By mi. of RR track By ,000 mi.

13 The Railroad Revolution, 1850s p Mostly immigrant labor built northern RRs. p Mostly slave labor built southern RRs.

14 patents approved ,357 patents approved

15 Eli Whitneys Cotton Gin, 1791

16 Eli Whitneys Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle

17 John Deere & the Steel Plow (1837)

18 Cyrus McCormick & the Mechanical Reaper: 1831

19 Samuel F. B. Morse 1840 – Telegraph

20 Elias Howe & Isaac Singer 1840s Sewing Machine

21 Samuel Slater (Father of the Factory System)

22 Lowell Mill

23 Daguerreotype of a young mill girl, c. 1850, Massachusetts This young girl probably worked at a mill in Waltham or Lowell during the late 1840s. Her swollen and rough hands contrast with her youth, neat dress, and carefully tied, beribboned hair. Her hands suggest that she worked, as did most 12- and 13-year-olds, as a warper, straightening the strands of cotton or wool as they entered the looms. (Courtesy of Jack Naylor) Daguerreotype of a young mill girl, c. 1850, Massachusetts Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

24 Middlesex Company Woolen Mills, Lowell, Massachusetts, c. 1848, artist unknown In the 1830s an unknown artist painted Middlesex Company Woolen Mills, portraying the hulking mass of the mill buildings. The company organized all the manufacturing processes at a single location, in Lowell, Massachusetts, on the Merrimack River. (Museum of American Textile History) Middlesex Company Woolen Mills, Lowell, Massachusetts, c. 1848, artist unknown Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

25 New England Textile Centers 1830s

26 Regional Specialization NORTHEAST Industrial SOUTH Cotton & Slavery WEST The Nations Breadbasket

27 American Population Centers in 1820

28 American Population Centers in 1860

29 National Origin of Immigrants: Why so many from Ireland and Germany?

30 The Order of the Star- Spangled Banner Nativism

31 Changing Occupation Distributions:


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