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Published byStephanie Alvarez Modified over 2 years ago

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Why Maps Can you use a square globe? Could you fold up a globe and put it in your pocket? Why do we need maps? What types are there?

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Map Makers Cartography: map making Develop a way to put a curved surface onto a flat surface (Map Projection) Mercator Gnomonic Conic Are the most common projections

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Map Projections

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Mercator Projection

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Wrap a cylinder around a globe. Meridians appear straight. This creates distortion near the poles where the meridians normally come together.

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Mercator Projection Compass directions appear as straight lines Latitude & Longitude are shown clearly and easily measured with a ruler. Shapes are shown correctly.

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Gnomonic Projection

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Imagine a sheet of paper touching a globe at one point (tangent) Little distortion occurs at the point of contact. It is usually the poles.

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Gnomonic Projection There is a great distortion in both directions from the point of contact. Used in navigation of great circle routes Great circle appears as a straight line on these maps.

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Conic Projections

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Conic Projection Cone placed over a globe so that the axis of the cone is aligned with the axis of the globe. Cone touches the globe along one parallel.

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Conic Projection The area near the contacted latitude has the least distortion. Good for studying a specific area.

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Polyconic Projection Placing many conic map projections together can give you a continuous map. The relative shape and size of small areas are the same as the globe.

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