Presentation on theme: "Sexuality and Sociology. U.S. Sexual Practice Young people are likely to become sexually active in their teenage years – By 19: 85% of male 77% of females."— Presentation transcript:
Sexuality and Sociology
U.S. Sexual Practice Young people are likely to become sexually active in their teenage years – By 19: 85% of male 77% of females – Slightly declining among men especially. Having only one sexual partner in a lifetime is rare. A significant number of people have extramarital affairs. – 25% males15% of females A significant number of people are lesbian or gay. – Estimated at 10% – 22-35% of men report homosexual encounters 17-25% of women. For those that are sexually active, sex is relatively frequent. – 2/3 of Americans report having sex 2-3 times a week.
Functionalism Sexual Norms: – Sexual norms are functional for society because they encourage the formation of stable institutions. Sexual Identity: – Sexual Identity is learned in the family; deviant identities contribute to social disorder. Changing Sexual Values: – Regulating sexual values and norms is important for maintaining traditional and social stability- too much change creates disorder.
Conflict Theory Sexual Norms: – Sexual norms are frequently contested by those who are subordinated by other groups. Sexual Identity: – Regulated by individuals and institutions that enforce compulsory heterosexuality. Changing Sexual Values: – Social change comes through the activism of people who challenge dominant belief systems and practices.
Symbolic Interaction Sexual Norms: – Emerge through social interaction and the construction of beliefs. Sexual Identity: – Is socially constructed as people learn the sexual scripts created in society. Changing Sexual Values: – Change in sexual values systems evolves as people construct new beliefs and practices over time.