2 U.S. Sexual PracticeYoung people are likely to become sexually active in their teenage yearsBy 19: 85% of male 77% of femalesSlightly declining among men especially.Having only one sexual partner in a lifetime is rare.A significant number of people have extramarital affairs.25% males 15% of femalesA significant number of people are lesbian or gay.Estimated at 10%22-35% of men report homosexual encounters 17-25% of women.For those that are sexually active, sex is relatively frequent.2/3 of Americans report having sex 2-3 times a week.
3 Functionalism Sexual Norms: Sexual Identity: Changing Sexual Values: Sexual norms are functional for society because they encourage the formation of stable institutions.Sexual Identity:Sexual Identity is learned in the family; deviant identities contribute to social disorder.Changing Sexual Values:Regulating sexual values and norms is important for maintaining traditional and social stability- too much change creates disorder.
4 Conflict Theory Sexual Norms: Sexual Identity: Changing Sexual Values: Sexual norms are frequently contested by those who are subordinated by other groups.Sexual Identity:Regulated by individuals and institutions that enforce compulsory heterosexuality.Changing Sexual Values:Social change comes through the activism of people who challenge dominant belief systems and practices.
5 Symbolic Interaction Sexual Norms: Sexual Identity: Emerge through social interaction and the construction of beliefs.Sexual Identity:Is socially constructed as people learn the sexual scripts created in society.Changing Sexual Values:Change in sexual values systems evolves as people construct new beliefs and practices over time.