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The 1970s to the Present Chapters 29-32. Nixons Foreign Policy Détente – lessening of tensions Nixon and Henry Kissinger –Realpolitik –Balance of Power.

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Presentation on theme: "The 1970s to the Present Chapters 29-32. Nixons Foreign Policy Détente – lessening of tensions Nixon and Henry Kissinger –Realpolitik –Balance of Power."— Presentation transcript:

1 The 1970s to the Present Chapters 29-32

2 Nixons Foreign Policy Détente – lessening of tensions Nixon and Henry Kissinger –Realpolitik –Balance of Power

3 Nixons Foreign Policy China Visit – 1972 –Diplomatic Recognition Soviet Union and détente –Arms Control Treaties SALT I ABM Treaty –Grain Deal

4 Foreign Policy Energy Crisis, 1973 –Arab Oil Embargo –OPEC Helsinki Conference – 1975 –Held during Fords presidency –Helsinki Accords Human rights and fundamental liberties European borders set (after WWII) Effects

5 Nixons Domestic Policy New Federalism Revenue Sharing – What? Why? Civil Rights Legislation

6 Environmentalism EPA created, 1970 – Why? –Rachel Carsons Silent Spring 1962 –Clean Air Act 1970 Toxic Waste Nuclear Protests Endangered Species Act, 1973

7 Economic Issues Inflation Wage and Price Controls – why? –What happened? Stagflation –Slowing productivity and rising inflation – a rare combination – will plague the Ford and Carter presidencies

8 Election of 1972 Democrats select George McGovern to run against Nixon – Why? Result

9 Watergate –Biggest presidential scandal in history –Forced Nixon to resign

10 Watergate Key advisors – Bob Haldeman and John Ehrlichman CREEP Watergate break- in – Why?

11 Watergate Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein Washington Post Reality The Movie

12 Watergate VP Spiro Agnew resigns, Oct 1973 – Why? Senate Hearings Watergate Tapes U.S. v Nixon

13 Watergate Impeachment and Resignation –Gerald Ford becomes President

14 Watergate – the Aftermath The Pardon (Sept 1974) –Thirty-one Nixon officials were convicted and went to jail The Imperial Presidency –Criticisms of the Nixon White House –The War Powers Act

15 The Ford Presidency Pardon Fighting Inflation –WIN Fall of Saigon

16 Ford as President The Mayaguez Incident SALT II

17 Election of 1976 Ford vs. Carter Campaign Issues – honesty, the outsider

18 Carter – Domestic Policies Amnesty – Why? Controversial? Depts of Education and Energy created More inflation Environment –Three Mile Island Airline Deregulation

19 Carter - Foreign Policy Humanitarian diplomacy! –Define Panama Canal Treaty Camp David Accord – 1978 –What was it? SALT II - ratify Iran Hostage Crisis

20 Election of 1980 Carter vs. Reagan (another outsider) Campaign Issues- Role of Religious Right

21 The Reagan Years Cold War Politics –Evil Empire speech –SDI – Why? Middle East –Lebanon and Libya –Iran-Iraq War The U.S. backs Iraq and its leader, Saddam Hussein – Why?

22 The Reagan Years Western Hemisphere –Nicaragua –El Salvador –Granada

23 End of the Cold War Michael Gorbachev –Glasnost and perestroika Iron Curtain falls in 1989 Fall of the Soviet Union 1991

24 Reagans Domestic Policies Supply-side economics (Reaganomics) –Define –Trickle-down effect –Tax cut –Results More deregulation –AT&T

25 Reagans Domestic Policies S & L Bailout – why? Air Traffic Controllers Strike –Reagans response? –Difference between Democrats & Republicans Appointment of Sandra Day OConnor

26 Election of 1984 Reagan vs. Walter Mondale –Geraldine Ferraro nominated by Democrats as first female VP candidate

27 Reagan – Second Term Tax Reform Act of 1986 Immigration Reform –Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 –Gives permanent status to 2.7million illegals who have lived in the USA since 1982 Iran Contra Scandal Reagan and the Supreme Court Reagans Legacy

28 Election of 1988 George Bush vs. Michael Dukakis Role of the South for the Republicans

29 Bushs Presidency End of the Cold War Operation Desert Storm

30 Election of 1992 Bush vs Bill Clinton (D) and Ross Perot (I) Key Issues - The Deficit

31 Clinton NAFTA Failed attempt at health care reform Republican rebirth in Congress, 1994 –Newt Gingrich –Contract with America

32 Clinton – Legislative Agenda Family Leave Act PWORA – ending welfare as we know it Motor Voter Law Reelection against Bob Dole in 1996 Economic Prosperity Balanced Budgets –Deficits, entitlements, and the national debt

33 Clinton – 2 nd Term Impeachment –2 nd Pres. to be impeached –Neither convicted

34 Election of 2000 Al Gore (D) vs George W. Bush (R) Disputed ballots in Florida (hanging chads) Bush v. Gore (2000)

35 Which is the real ballot for Palm Beach County? Butterfly Ballot – How did it get its name?

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37 The 21 st Century No Child Left Behind Tax Cuts 9/11/2001 Homeland Security and the growth of government War on Terrorism

38 The 21 st Century War in Iraq Election of 2004 against John Kerry

39 The 21 st Century Election of 2008 –Barack Obama defeats John McCain

40 Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved Immigration – From Where?

41 The Age of Globalization Total Immigration, Sources of Immigration,

42 Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved How do these maps reflect the population shifts within the USA?

43 Trends on the Supreme Court From Roe v Wade (1973) Ideological Battles on the Court –The Court shifts right –Burger to Rehnquist to Roberts –Supreme Court confirmation battles – Why? –What is the litmus test for appointees?

44 Political Trends since 1960 What has happened to the New Deal coalition? the conservative coalition? How did the changing coalitions affect a presidents ability to enact legislation? How does the country shift to the right? –What does this mean? - election trendshttp://www.270towin.com/

45 Social Trends – How has the workforce changed?

46 Decreasing Number of Farmers, Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved

47 Technology Trends Space: the Final Frontier Communications changes since 1950 –How have these affected the following? Individuals Politics/ Elections The Media How has technology has affected business and lifestyle? –Credit and credit cards –Franchising –The internet

48 The Age of Globalization Science and Technology in the New Economy Science and Technology in the New Economy –Breakthroughs in Genetics Human Genome Project Human Genome Project Moral and Ethical Dilemmas Moral and Ethical Dilemmas DNA Model (Lawrence Lawry/ Getty Images)

49 Social Trends Womens Rights Betty Friedan – The Feminine Mystique Gloria Steinem Phyllis Schlafly Equal Rights Amendment –Proposed by Congress, but never ratified by the states Roe v. Wade (1973)

50 Liftoff of Apollo 11 in July Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved

51 Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin descends the ladder on the lunar module. Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved

52 Man first walked on the moon in July (Neil Armstrong) Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved

53 The space shuttle Enterprise in Copyright by Harcourt Brace & Company All rights reserved

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55 How has the state you were born in changed? What does urbanization mean?


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