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*HIGHLIGHT NIXONS FOREIGN POLICY -CHINA -USSR -CHINA VISIT 2/72 -1973 – VN IS OVER -KISSINGER REALPOLITIK -73 YOM KIPPUR WAR -SALT I 5/72 -DETENTE 32.

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Presentation on theme: "*HIGHLIGHT NIXONS FOREIGN POLICY -CHINA -USSR -CHINA VISIT 2/72 -1973 – VN IS OVER -KISSINGER REALPOLITIK -73 YOM KIPPUR WAR -SALT I 5/72 -DETENTE 32."— Presentation transcript:

1 *HIGHLIGHT NIXONS FOREIGN POLICY -CHINA -USSR -CHINA VISIT 2/ – VN IS OVER -KISSINGER REALPOLITIK -73 YOM KIPPUR WAR -SALT I 5/72 -DETENTE 32

2 *HOW DID NIXON ATTACK LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC TRENDS? *DESCRIBE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS IN THE EARLY 70S. -OPEC -STAGFLATION-PRICE/WAGE CONTROLS -SC APPOINTMENTS -SOUTHERN STRATEGY -NEW CONSERVATISM -LAW AND ORDER METHODS

3 *DESCRIBE WATERGATE. -THE EVENT -NIXON-AGNEW -NIXON-FORD -FORD-ROCKEFELLER -FOLLOW THE MONEY -THE TAPES/EXECUTIVE PRIVLEDGE -RESIGNATION AND PARDON -COMMITTEE INVESTIGATION

4 RICHARD NIXON I. BACKGROUND A.) CAME FROM A POOR FAMILY B.) WORKED HARD TO COMPLETE EDUCATION C.) SERVED IN CONGRESS-INVESTIGATED ALGER HISS CASE D.) SERVED AS EISENHOWERS VICE PRESIDENT E.) LOST 1960 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION TO JFK F.) WON 1968 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION vs. HHH G.) REELECTED IN 1972 AGAINST GEORGE MCGOVERN

5 G.) JULY 20, APOLLO II CARRIED 3 MEN TO THE MOON; NEIL ARMSTRONG, EDWIN ALDRIN, MICHAEL COLLINS B.) 1 ST U.S. PRESIDENT TO VISIT COMMUNIST CHINA-1972 C.) ALSO VISITED SOVIET UNION IN 1972 D.) STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION TALKS (SALT)-PLACED LIMITATIOINS ON NUMBER OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS II. ACCOMPLISHMENTS E.) BELIEVED IN DÉTENTE- DOWN TENSION BETWEEN U.S. AND USSR F.) 26 TH AMENDMENT PASSED- VOTING AGE TO 18 A.) ENDED THE VIETNAM WAR-1973 H.) CURBED INFLATION BY SETTING WAGE- PRICE CONTROLS ON THE ECONOMY FOR 3 MOS. I.) ARAB ISRAELI WAR (1973) -U.S. AIDED ISRAEL, USSR AIDED ARAB NATIONS -ARAB COUNTRIES CUT OFF OIL SUPPLY TO U.S. WHICH LED TO AN ENERGY CRISIS

6 III. WATERGATE AFFAIR A.) JUNE BURGULARS CAUGHT INSIDE DEMOCRATIC NATL HEADQUARTERS IN THE WATERGATE TOWERS B.) INVESTIGATION SHOWED THAT WHITE HOUSE OFFICIALS WERE INVOLVED C.) SENATE HEARINGS LED BY SAM ERVIN (NC) D.) NIXON REFUSED TO TURN OVER TAPES OF CONVERSATIONS IN THE WHITE HOUSE

7 ID Fords Issues and Actions Stagflation Govt Image Foreign Policy Opec / Inflation Pardon / Congress / Trust Untested / VN Cut spending,Tight $ policy >50 vetoes Kissenger ^ unemployment

8 GERALD FORD 1.BACKGROUND Respected, experienced legislator Only man to serve as VP and P and not be elected Served 2.5 years, then lost in 76 to Carter 2. PRESIDENCY Nixon Pardon Conditional pardons to draft evaders Fought Inflation (WIN) – led to deeper recessionary slump Failed to est trade agreement with USSR Helsinki

9 Describe the 1976 election Carter runs as an outsider. Tries to appeal to voters with his informal style. Republicans split (Ford – Reagan)

10 DESCRIBE CARTERS POLICIES DOMESTIC Inflation/Rcession – W/P Controls ME/Opec – Fireside Chats, Natl Energy Act, Dept of Energy VN – uncon.pardon for draft evaders Govt Image – Appointments, diversity

11 Cont - Foreign Policy ME Violence – Camp David Accords Hostage Crisis - The Shah Human rights - Canal Treaty End of Détente – Afganistan - Olympics - SALT 2 Untested – Carter FP advisors

12 JIMMY CARTER 1.BACKGROUND Peanut farmer in Georgia Naval academy Ga. State Senator and Gov. Highly idealistic,lacked political experience and savvy High level of integrity 2.PRESIDENCY Unconditional pardon to draft evaders Inflation – reduced fed. Spending in social services - voluntary W/P controls Unemployment - cut taxes and use tax rebate for businesses Energy Crisis - encouraged conservation: voluntary,legislation Human Rights in FP Camp David Accords

13 Carter – cont Hostage Crisis - revolt overthrows the Shah - Shah is admitted to US for medical treatment - 11/4/79 - embassy seized; hostages taken - failed efforts - 1/81 – hostages freed Afghanistan - Olympics - grain embargo Carter Doctrine - use of force in the ME


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