Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Nixon, Ford, Carter & Reagan Presidencies May 19, 2014 Note Packet “L”

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Nixon, Ford, Carter & Reagan Presidencies May 19, 2014 Note Packet “L”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nixon, Ford, Carter & Reagan Presidencies May 19, 2014 Note Packet “L”

2  Nixon Doctrine  No more direct US military protection in Asia  Relationship with China  Nixon & Zedong agreed to normal diplomatic relations  Open to economic & cultural exchanges  Reduced tensions Nixon’s Foreign Policy

3  Relationship with the Soviet Union  Détente  “warm the cold war” & prevent open conflict  “Realpolitik” – decisions based on what US needed for strength & stability Nixon’s Foreign Policy

4  Relationship with the Soviet Union  SALT (Strategic Arms Limitations Talks)  SALT agreement set limits on numbers of defensive missile sites & offensive missiles each nation would keep Nixon’s Foreign Policy

5  Gov’t response to environmental & consumer movements  New Federalism  Reduce role of fed. gov’t, increase state gov’t  Revenue sharing – fed gov’t gives some income to states  Slow inflation caused by Vietnam  Wage-price freeze Nixon’s Domestic Policy

6  Space Program  Neil Armstrong  26 th amendment  Women’s rights movement Nixon’s Domestic Policy

7

8  What – illiegal break-in to wiretap phones in Democratic Party HQs  Where – Watergate Towers (apt. complex in DC)  When – July 17, 2972  Who – Committee to Reelect the President (acting w/knowledge of high-level Nixon advisors)  Why – secure info to undermine Democratic Party The Watergate Affair

9  The Cover-Up  Senate est. a committee to look into “illegal activities”  Nixon’s VP charged with tax evasion, Ford becomes VP  Senate uncovers tape recordings between Nixon & aides  Supreme Court demanded tapes  Nixon refused  voting to impeach  Nixon resigns The Watergate Affair

10  Significance of Watergate  Showed the Constitution works (system of checks & balances)  Decline in public trust of gov’t The Watergate Affair

11  Assisted in negotiations in Middle East  Continued Détente policy Ford’s Foreign Policy

12  Nixon’s pardon  Public questioned decision  Amnesty Plan  Met criticism when offered amnesty to thousands who avoided Vietnam draft Ford’s Domestic Policy

13  Inflation  OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) placed embargo on US (supported Israel)  Gas & oil doubles Ford’s Domestic Policy

14  Helsinki Accords  Promised to respect basic human rights, withhold aid to nations in violation  Camp David Accords  Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt mediated by Carter Carter’s Foreign Policy

15  Détente problems  Détente ended when Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan  US cut off grain shipments to Soviets  Boycotted Olympics  Hostage Crisis  Islamic Rebels seized US embassy in Teheran holding 50+ hostages Carter’s Foreign Policy

16  Stagflation  Unproductivity of economy & inflation of prices  Energy problem  40% of oil imported, world’s leading energy consumer  Urged development of alternative fuel sources  Corporate Bailouts  Corporations failing b/c of stagflation  Huge loans given out Carter’s Domestic Policy

17  Environmental problems  Stagflation prevented implementing environment programs  Nuclear Energy  Possible alternative to oil & coal  Three Mile Island Accident  Shed light on hazards of nuclear power Carter’s Domestic Policy

18  Election of 1980  Republican candidate Reagan promised new beginning  Swept election Carter’s Domestic Policy

19  Adopted a tough stand towards communism  Intervention in Central America  Continued support to countries in communist threat  Limited military intervention  Failed peacekeeping attempts in Middle East  Terrorism Reagan’s First Term Foreign Policy

20  “Reaganomics”  supply – side economics  Tax breaks to businesses & wealthy  Ones who will reinvest, encourage economic growth  Trickle – Down economics  Economic growth depends on increased amount of capital available to businesses Reagan’s First Term Domestic Policy

21  “Star Wars”  National security depends on defense  SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) – massive satellite shield to intercept & destroy Soviet missiles  Immigration reform  Forbids employers form hiring illegal immigrants (didn’t solve problem) Reagan’s First Term Domestic Policy

22  Reagan (P) & George H.W. Bush (VP) won  1 st president since Eisenhower to serve 2 full terms Election of 1984

23  Iran – Contra Affair  Presidential aides sold weapons to Iran in exchange for freeing hostages  Money went to support anti-communist reels in Nicaragua (contras)  Presidential stance on ban on terrorism bargaining, aid to contras Reagan’s Second Term Foreign Policy

24  Renewal of Détente  Gorbachev criticism “Star Wars”, called for renewal of détente  Gorbachev’s glasnost & perestroika  Increased political freedom in Soviet Union, E Europe, some free enterprise to improve economic conditions  Arms Reductions  Elimination of short range & medium range land-based missiles Reagan’s Second Term Foreign Policy

25  End of the Cold War  Reform & anticommunist movements in E Europe  Berlin Wall fell, Germany reunited  Soviet Union broken up Reagan’s Second Term Foreign Policy

26  Continued terrorism  Drug trade  Ending apartheid in Africa Reagan’s Second Term Foreign Policy

27  Continued New Federalism  Criticism of deficit spending (spend more than you make) & tax cuts Reagan’s Second Term Domestic Policy


Download ppt "Nixon, Ford, Carter & Reagan Presidencies May 19, 2014 Note Packet “L”"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google