9THE COAT – WHAT IS ITS FUNCTION? Protects against cold, heat, sunlight, water loss, injuries, and even parasites!Also allows them look beautiful
10EARSThey are all used to investigate food, water, or unfamiliar objects.Ears for hunting and are much more sensitive than a humans.Cochlea?-is an organ within the ear that allows the cat to detect and locate sounds very efficiently.
12NOSE Nose is especially sensitive! They are all used to investigate food, water, or unfamiliar objects.
13NOSE RECEPTORLoctated in the lining of the nose- lets them pick up smell of airborne items.Olfactory mucosa- this area is almost twice the size of humans.
14PAWS Paws are especially sensitive! They are all used to investigate food, water, or unfamiliar objects.
15CAN CATS BE DEAF?Due to genetics, this can happens to white cats with blue eyes!!
16EYES 3 dimensional vision similar to other animals, but has some extra features!Has three eyelids! Yes 3 eyelids!!
17EYE CONTINUEDThis Eyelid is the Nictating Membrane- it moves diagonally across eye under eyelid to help lubricate cornea.
18HOW LONG BEFORE KITTENS EYES OPEN? They stay closed for about days after birth!But it takes about 3 months for them to be fully developed!
19MOUTH Receptor in mouth. And on the tongue Papillae- knobs on the tongue used to hold, lick and scrape meat off bones.Also is where the taste buds are located.
20ADVANTAGES! Independent and self-sufficient. Make excellent companions.Less care than dogs.Fit well in most apartment settings.Total cost is less, compared to a dog! (vet, feed, etc.)They are clean, verylittle house training!
21THINGS TO LOOK FOR WHEN PURCHASING A CAT Be alert for signs of illness:Gums should be pale pink.Eyes bright and clear.Clean and shiny coat.Purchase kittens at8-12 weeks of age.Periodontal disease
22THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT YOUR CAT The more attention you give it, the closer it will be to you!If you do not intend on breeding it, have them spayed or neutered!Female kittens reach sexual maturity at 5 months, and will come in heat every 3 weeks!
23FEEDING YOUR CAT Cats require about twice as much protein as dogs do!! The best source of protein is found in animal products!Should feed a commercial cat food.
25Canned food:More proteinhigher water content.Higher fat levels
26Semi-moist food: less expensive only 30% water added chemicals added to keep from spoiling or drying out!
27Dry food: 10% water less fat, but also less protein! Cats on dry food need additional water all the time!May develop bladder problems- due to not enough water in diet!Keeps teeth clean!
28Tips to remember!! Never give your cat “dog” food- Why? Amount given depends on size and age!Lactating and pregnant cats need more to eat.
29E.) Exercise depends on breed and home life (apartment vs. farm) Apartment cats may need “toys” to keep active
30F.) TrainingTrain cat to use scratch post instead of drapery and furnitureToilet training is easier with cats because the naturally cover up their urine and feces.Cats can be trained to do tricks, such as jumping through hoops, sitting, begging, and others.
31VI. Grooming and Care A.) Long - haired cats 1.) Need daily care or hair will get tangled and matted2.) Equipment needed:a.) combb.) nail clippersc.) grooming brush made with natural bristlesd.) grooming powder
323.) Groominga.) comb all areas with a wide-toothed combb.) after coat is free of tangles use fine part of combc.) brush fur out in opposite direction hair growsd.) Sprinkle grooming powder in while brushing
33B.) Short-haired cats1.) grooming not necessary every day2.) Equipment includes:a.) fine toothed or flea combb.) rubber grooming brush3.) Groominga.) comb through hair gently watching for burs, mats, or other foreign objectsb.) avoid over brushing
34C.) Bathing not necessary, except show cats must be bathed often. Mild shampoo, or baby shampoo should be used
35D.) Regular Grooming1.) Earscheck for mites (dark, crumbly residue in ear). This can be treated with ear drops from a vet.2.) Eyesshould be bright and clear, if staining occurs, gently wash
363.) Teeth and Gumscheck for soreness, tartar build up must be treated by a vet4.) Clawsrequire trimming, careful not to trim to the pink area as this will cause pain and bleeding. Cats using a scratching post don’t need trimming very often.