Presentation on theme: "Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Global Assessment Report Team GAR United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction UNISDR Identifying new data needs."— Presentation transcript:
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Global Assessment Report Team GAR United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction UNISDR Identifying new data needs and sources Linking DRR and Adaption: Disaster Inventories Data on impacts and vulnerability
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 In January 2005, 168 Governments adopted a 10-year plan to make the world safer from natural hazards at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan. Its goal is to substantially reduce disaster losses in lives, and in the social, economic, and environmental assets of communities and countries. The Hyogo Framework offers guiding principles summarized in 5 priorities for action HYOGO FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning. Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. Reduce the underlying risk factors. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels. HFA 5 PRIORITIES FOR ACTION
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Develop, update periodically and widely disseminate risk maps and related information to decision-makers, the general public and communities at risk Develop systems of indicators of disaster risk and vulnerability at national and sub-national scales Record, analyse, summarize and disseminate statistical information on disaster occurrence, impacts and losses, on a regular bases through international, regional, national and local mechanisms. HYOGO FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION A2
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 GEO/GEOSS goals GEOSS will yield a broad range of societal benefits, notably: Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-induced disasters Understanding environmental factors affecting human health and well- being Improving the management of energy resources Understanding, assessing, predicting, mitigating, and adapting to climate variability and change Improving water resource management through better understanding of the water cycle Improving weather information, forecasting and warning AND OTHERS....
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Current data for monitoring disaster risk Hyogo Framework for Action implementation Monitoring of levels of risk to disasters Monitoring levels of losses Progress in measures to reduce risk Global Assessment Report (Biennial) Special Report of IPCC (SREX) First IPCC review of what constitutes effective measures to reduce risk to extreme events
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Typical contents of a Disaster database The actual screen for data capture. Customizable by users. Standard Effects (killed, injured, affected, etc.) Extension (Sectorial detail information) Simple, low technology Non expensive High impact, ROI
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 What are National Disaster Inventories? Disaster Inventories record and analyse the occurrence and effects of natural disasters Disaggregated information is provided in tabular and graphical form (maps and charts) Richer than global data: Events of all scales, more indicators, closer (local) level of observation
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Temporal Analysis (Trends): distribution of losses over time Behaviour of disaster losses is key in understanding trends and essential for monitoring the effectiveness of DRR Number of reports of floods and people killed by epidemics in Orissa, India 11 years, showing a high correlation between floods and epidemics. Ovals show non-related epidemic events. Seasonal distribution of floods in Mexico
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Spatial Analysis (patterns): distribution of losses over space The Municipalities located over the Andes mountain area are the most prone to landslide disasters Spatial distribution of landslides in Colombia
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 The hybrid loss exceedance curve, Colombia Usage of Disaster loss data in Risk Assessments. Typical analytical loss exceedance curve, Colombia
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Spatial distribution of Surge reports, PERU Temporal distribution of Surge reports, PERU Damage to housing sector – due to Surge, PERU Mortality due to Surge, PERU Impact and extent of (possibly) Climate Change related events
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Mortality due to extreme precipitation events Impact and extent of (possibly) Climate Change related events Frequency of extreme precipitation-related events, 8 South American countries
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Usage of Historical Loss Data in DRRM Modeling probable maximum losses up to a return period of approximately 30 – 50 years. Provide historical vulnerability indexes/functions Allow monitoring of DRR measures Historical data can help validating Risk Assessments Provide a dynamic vision of risk evolution over time Provide evidence-based support to decision makers Generate proxy indicators of Risk (for hard-to-model risks or when no data is available) … Climate Change Adaptation?
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 UN sponsored Disaster Inventories Asia/Pacific Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, India (Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Andra Pradesh, Uttranchal, Delhi), Jordan, Syria, Vietnam, Laos*, Vanuatu*, Solomon*, SOPAC, East Timor, Philippines LAC Mexico, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Panama, Guatemala, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Antigua Africa Egypt, Morocco, Yemen, Mozambique, Mali, Djibouti * Many other countries (USA, Australia, etc.) have independently build datasets. A total of about 60 datasets identified.
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Potential Usage of Historical Loss Data in CC Provide measures of historical/current impact ? Historical data to be input layer for Impact Assessments Permit finer grain impact analysis (compared to global datasets) Validate hypothesis of realized change? Allow monitoring of Climate Change impact ? o Frequency o Severity o Location Other?
Geneva, February 2-4, 2011 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk GAR United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction UN-ISDR IEH International Environment House 7-9 Chemin de Balextert, 4 th floor Julio Serje John Harding Justin Ginnetti