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International and National Earth Observation Activities

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Presentation on theme: "International and National Earth Observation Activities"— Presentation transcript:

1 International and National Earth Observation Activities
Update to: CEOS/WGISS Glenn K. Rutledge National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Tromso, Norway May 13, 2004

2 President’s Statement
Our cooperation will enable us to develop the capability to predict droughts, prepare for weather emergencies, plan and protect crops, manage coastal areas and fisheries, and monitor air quality

3 The Earth Observation Summit
Washington, DC, July 31, 2003 Summit represented a high level governmental/political commitment to move toward a comprehensive, coordinated, global network: Issued declaration to support this concept Launched development of 10-year implementation plan Established the Group on Earth Observations with US (NOAA) Co-Chair 3

4 Earth Observation Summit Declaration
Affirmed need for timely, quality, long-term, global information as a basis for sound decision making. Recognized need to support: Comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained Earth observation system or systems; Coordinated effort to address capacity-building needs related to Earth observations; Exchange of observations in a full and open manner with minimum time delay and minimum cost; and Preparation of a 10-year Implementation Plan, building on existing systems and initiatives by European ministerial in late 2004 Established ad hoc Group on Earth Observations (GEO) to develop Plan Invited other governments to join.

5 Participating Governments
Algeria Argentina Australia Belgium Belize Brazil Cameroon Canada China Cyprus Denmark Egypt Finland France Gabon Germany Greece India Iran Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Japan, co-chair Kazakhstan Mexico Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Portugal Republic of the Congo Republic of Korea Russian Federation South Africa, co-chair Spain Sudan Sweden Switzerland Thailand Ukraine United Kingdom United States, co-chair Uzbekistan European Commission, co-chair

6 Participating International Organizations
Association for the Development of Environmental Information (ADIE) Central American Commission for the Environment and Development (SICA/CCAD) Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) European Environmental Agency (EEA) European Space Agency (ESA) European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS) Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership (IGOS-P) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) International Council for Science (ICSU) International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP) International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research (IGFA) International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Network of European Meteorological Services/Composite Observing System (EUMETNET/EUCOS) Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) World Bank (IBRD) World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

7 The Earth Observation Summit Washington DC, July 31, 2003
The Summit represented a high level governmental/political commitment to move toward a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained global network: Issued declaration to support this concept Launched development of 10-Year Implementation Plan Established the ad hoc intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO) with 4 Co-Chairs: U.S. – Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher Jr., Administrator National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) 2) EC – Director General Achilleas Mitsos Directorate General for Research 3) Japan – Mr. Akio Yuki, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) 4) South Africa – Dr. Rob Adam, Director-General, Department of Science and Technology

8 Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO)
Membership open to all countries 47 countries (including the EC) are now represented International organizations are participants 26 organizations are now represented Organized into 5 subgroups Established GEO Secretariat Established Implementation Plan Task Team

9 Definitions of Comprehensive, Coordinated, and Sustained
addresses a wide variety of decision makers and applications encompasses in situ, mobile, airborne and satellite observations includes future, current, and predecessor systems Coordinated leverages existing standards, policies, and programs worldwide Sustained addresses the need for continued, long-term financial and in-kind support for priority programs including both operational and relevant, agreed-upon research and development programs

10 Earth Observation System Components
Decision Support Tools Assessments Decision Support Systems Decision Support Management Decisions Policy Decisions Societal Benefits High Performance Computing, Communication, & Visualization Standards & Interoperability Predictions Observations Monitoring & Measurements remotely-sensed in situ Earth Science Models Oceans Ice Land Atmosphere Solid Earth Biosphere Earth Observation Systems Remotely-sensed In situ Earth System Models DATA On-going feedback to optimize value and reduce gaps

11 Group on Earth bservations GEO Structure GEO
US, EC, Japan, South Africa (Co-Chairs) Architecture Subgroup GEO Secretariat (US providing Administrative Secretariat, with support from other countries and international organizations) Capacity Building Subgroup Data Utilization Subgroup International Cooperation Subgroup User Requirements and Outreach Subgroup

12 GEO Subgroup Co-Chairs
Group on Earth bservations GEO Subgroup Co-Chairs GEO Architecture Subgroup Brazil, France, Japan, United States, WMO, ESA GEO Capacity Building Subgroup Argentina, Belize/CCAD, Brazil, Israel, Republic of Congo, United States GEO Data Utilization Subgroup Brazil, Canada, United States, ECMWF GEO User Requirements Subgroup Canada, Italy, United Kingdom, CEOS GEO International Cooperation Subgroup Australia, United States, IOC

13 Implementation Plan Task Team
The Implementation Plan Task Team (IPTT) will draft the International 10-Year Implementation Plan IPTT is made up of one representative nominated by each GEO Co-Chair: European Commission, David Williams of EUMETSAT Japan, Toshio Koike of Tokyo University South Africa, Robert Scholes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) United States, Ivan DeLoatch of USGS

14 Group on Earth Observation (GEO) – Draft Timeline
= GEO Secretariat Meetings = GEO Meetings planned = GEO Meetings notional = E.O. Summits A S O N D J F M Earth Observation Summit-1 July 31, 2003 United States Initial GEO Meeting—August 1-2, 2003 GEO-2 Italy November 28-29, 2003 GEO-3 South Africa February 25-27, 2004 Earth Observation Summit-2 April 25, 2004 Tokyo, Japan GEO-4 Tokyo, Japan April 22-23, 2004 GEO-5 Ottawa, Canada October 2004 Earth Observation Summit-3 Brussels, Belgium February 2005 GEO-6 Brussels, Belgium February 2005 2003 2004 14 2005 3/5/04

15 Implementation Plan Development
Group on Earth bservations Implementation Plan Development Subgroups & Secretariat compose Draft Framework Document GEO 2 Work review - ITALY - Earth Obs Summit I and GEO 1 - UNITED STATES - Draft Framework Document components for GEO II GEO Sub-Group Chairs Working Meeting & GEO-3 - SOUTH AFRICA - Establishes Architecture Subgroup GEO Secretariat Data Utilization Subgroup Earth Obs Summit II and GEO-4 GEO Delivers Draft Framework Document for approval - JAPAN - Earth Obs Summit III GEO-6 delivers Draft 10-year Plan - EUROPE - Capacity Building Subgroup User Requirements & Outreach Subgroup GEO-5 reviews Draft 10-year Plan - Ottawa - Implementation Plan Task Team Draft 10-year Plan Int’l Cooperation Subgroup

16 Summary of Activities Group on Earth bservations Accomplishments GEO-1
Subgroups formed, TORs established Subgroups began work by October 1, 2003 GEO-2 GEOSS - a system of systems Existing individual observing systems remain within their mandates New observing components and to exchange and disseminate observational data between those components GEOSS participants agree on global interoperability specification All individual observing components adhere

17 Summary of Activities Group on Earth bservations Accomplishments GEO-3
Draft Communiqué Invites governing bodies of international and regional organizations sponsoring existing Earth observing systems to support GEO actions Draft Frame Work Document Notes WMO achievements and the need for advancements in other areas including WCRP, GOOS, ISDR, GCOS and IGOS Themes New Implementation Plan Task Team (IPTT) Four members – GEO Co chairs Will prepare the 10-Year Implementation Plan Capacity Building will initially focus on Education and Training

18 IPTT Group on Earth bservations Terms of Reference
to describe observational elements of GEOSS to identify mechanism for determining observational gaps to describe interfaces and interoperability interface to describe the communications network for exchange of GEOSS observations to define a set of geo-products which are to be considered as part of GEOSS to describe specific mechanisms for capacity building in developing countries to propose the basic time schedule for updating and evaluating 10 Year Plan to establish performance measures of success in terms of societal benefits to describe the modalities for the effective involvement of user communities

19 IPTT Group on Earth bservations Membership
One from each GEO Co Chair (only one identified to date) Prof I. Koike, Univ. of Tokyo Dr Williams – EC (EUMETSAT) Dr Bob Scholes - South Africa Schedule Meeting during pre-sessions for GEO-4 High-level outline Framework Document completed and presented for approval at EOS II Coordination Close coordination with the Sub Groups

20 U.S. Plans

21 OSTP/OMB FY05 Budget Directives
“A key goal of the Administration’s R&D investments is to enhance capabilities to assess and predict key environmental systems. “Assessment and prediction are important to improving our understanding of and ability to model climate change, but they also affect many other aspects of society, such as health, resource management, weather prediction, sustainable development, and economic prosperity. “To this end, integrated, comprehensive, global observation systems are required for understanding, monitoring, and predicting changes to the Earth system (atmosphere, land, freshwater, ocean and ecosystems.)” Linking Observations to Commerce: Example: Connecting obs to users at local level – including Houston/Galveston. Important: does not present global macro picture, but it does provide a sense of economic benefit. Our economy relies upon the safe and efficient movement of goods and people. More than 95% of the goods in international commerce move by sea. PORTS integrates real time data on winds, waves, water levels, currents, salinity, and other meteorological and oceanographic information and delivers nowcasts to mariners via phone or the internet in real time. Important to safety. Provides accurate info for determining vessels’ draft and underkeel clearance. Every inch counts. One additional inch can mean more than $8,000 for a vessel carrying recycled paper and $50,000 if the cargo is meat.

22 and Technology Council
NSTC Structure National Science and Technology Council Science Committee Environment & Natural Resources Committee Homeland & National Security Committee Technology Committee Subcommittee on Global Change Research Air Quality Research Subcommittee Interagency Working Group on Endocrine Disruptors Biodiversity and Ecosystem Informatics Working Group Ecological Systems Subcommittee Toxics & Risk Assessment Subcommittee Interagency Working Group on Mercury Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction Subcommittee on Oceans (also reports to Committee on Science) Subcommittee on Water Availability & Quality Interagency Working Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO) Subcommittee on Health and the Environment (also reports to Committee on Science and Commission on Homeland and National Security

23 Interagency Working Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO)
IWGEO reports to the White House Committee on Environment and Natural Resources (CENR) 15 agencies participate as members CENR Subcommittee Co-chairs are ex officio members Co-chairs Ghassem Asrar, NASA Cliff Gabriel, OSTP Greg Withee, NOAA 5 Teams – mirror the GEO sub-group structure Includes a planning and integration team for development of the US 10-year implementation plan

24 IWGEO Membership Co-Chairs
White House Office of Science and Technology Policy National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Principals Environmental Protection Agency Department of Defense Department of Energy Department of State National Institutes for Environmental Health Studies Principals (contd.) National Institute for Standards and Technology National Science Foundation US Geological Survey US Forest Service Federal Aviation Administration Federal Emergency Management Agency Smithsonian Institute Tennessee Valley Authority White House Council on Environmental Quality White House Office of Management and Budget As you can see, we have made great strides in linking out technological abilities in observations to creating decision support tools to that benefit mankind. This graphic illustrates our objective with the creation of such a system and it is one we are giving serious consideration in U.S. Government discussions on Earth observations. The focus is really on the end product and we still have a long way to go to meet our end-users needs. We still have a long way to go to meet the needs of our users. While my examples illustrate only a glimmer of what we can accomplish.

25 U.S. 10-year Implementation Plan
Focuses on societal benefits: Reduce loss of life and property from disasters Protect and monitor ocean resources Understand climate, and assess and mitigate climate change impacts Support sustainable agriculture and combat land degradation Understand the effect of environmental factors on human health and promote well being Develop the capacity to make ecological forecasts Protect and monitor water resources Will have flexibility to incorporate additional societal benefit areas Will work to integrate these benefit areas with the international plan

26 IWGEO in the Year Ahead Developing U.S. comments to international process Developing U.S. 10-year Implementation Plan Continuing to engage academic, industry, and non-profit partners to guarantee plan is comprehensive and useful April and June workshops are being planned to coordinate expert input and comment Industry alliance has been formed Planning anniversary of Washington Summit event and roll-out of 10-year Implementation Plan for broad community review and comment Continue education/outreach on the global initiative

27 Earth Observation Summit II
Ministers met for Earth Observation Summit II in Tokyo, Japan, on 25 April 2004, where they adopted the Framework Document for a 10-Year Implementation Plan for this initiative. The plan itself will be presented at Earth Observation Summit III in February 2005. For more information on GEO-IV and EOS II


29 Discussion 1 CEOS WGISS Input to GEO?
Data and System inter-operability required to meet objectives in GEO Framework Document WGISS has worked to solve these very same issues Pass this experience and lessons learned to Sub Groups Develop a unified focus to address the GEO objectives Several candidates already exist within CEOS WGISS:

30 Discussion 2 CEOS WGISS Input to GEO
Examples include (but not limited to): NOMADS & CEOP (GDS, LAS, Web Portal, OPeNDAP) IDN & ECHO DIMS - ESA Service Support Environment Geoconnections Global Mapping Data Portal Efforts and the Grid As determined by WGISS

31 Open Discussion

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