Presentation on theme: "International and National Earth Observation Activities"— Presentation transcript:
1 International and National Earth Observation Activities Update to:CEOS/WGISSGlenn K. RutledgeNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Climatic Data CenterTromso, NorwayMay 13, 2004
2 President’s Statement Our cooperation will enable us to develop the capability to predict droughts, prepare for weather emergencies, plan and protect crops, manage coastal areas and fisheries, and monitor air quality
3 The Earth Observation Summit Washington, DC, July 31, 2003Summit represented a high level governmental/political commitment to move toward a comprehensive, coordinated, global network:Issued declaration to support this conceptLaunched development of 10-year implementation planEstablished the Group on Earth Observations with US (NOAA) Co-Chair3
4 Earth Observation Summit Declaration Affirmed need for timely, quality, long-term, global information as a basis for sound decision making.Recognized need to support:Comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained Earth observation system or systems;Coordinated effort to address capacity-building needs related to Earth observations;Exchange of observations in a full and open manner with minimum time delay and minimum cost; andPreparation of a 10-year Implementation Plan, building on existing systems and initiatives by European ministerial in late 2004Established ad hoc Group on Earth Observations (GEO) to develop PlanInvited other governments to join.
5 Participating Governments AlgeriaArgentinaAustraliaBelgiumBelizeBrazilCameroonCanadaChinaCyprusDenmarkEgyptFinlandFranceGabonGermanyGreeceIndiaIranIndonesiaIrelandIsraelItalyJapan, co-chairKazakhstanMexicoMoroccoMozambiqueNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandNigeriaNorwayPortugalRepublic of the CongoRepublic of KoreaRussian FederationSouth Africa, co-chairSpainSudanSwedenSwitzerlandThailandUkraineUnited KingdomUnited States, co-chairUzbekistanEuropean Commission, co-chair
6 Participating International Organizations Association for the Development of Environmental Information (ADIE)Central American Commission for the Environment and Development (SICA/CCAD)Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)European Environmental Agency (EEA)European Space Agency (ESA)European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS)Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership (IGOS-P)Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)International Council for Science (ICSU)International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research (IGFA)International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)Network of European Meteorological Services/Composite Observing System (EUMETNET/EUCOS)Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO)United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)World Bank (IBRD)World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
7 The Earth Observation Summit Washington DC, July 31, 2003 The Summit represented a high level governmental/political commitment to move toward a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained global network:Issued declaration to support this conceptLaunched development of 10-Year Implementation PlanEstablished the ad hoc intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO) with 4 Co-Chairs:U.S. – Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher Jr., Administrator National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)2) EC – Director General Achilleas Mitsos Directorate General for Research3) Japan – Mr. Akio Yuki, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT)4) South Africa – Dr. Rob Adam, Director-General, Department of Science and Technology
8 Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Membership open to all countries47 countries (including the EC) are now representedInternational organizations are participants26 organizations are now representedOrganized into 5 subgroupsEstablished GEO SecretariatEstablished Implementation Plan Task Team
9 Definitions of Comprehensive, Coordinated, and Sustained addresses a wide variety of decision makers and applicationsencompasses in situ, mobile, airborne and satellite observationsincludes future, current, and predecessor systemsCoordinatedleverages existing standards, policies, and programs worldwideSustainedaddresses the need for continued, long-term financial and in-kind support for priority programs including both operational and relevant, agreed-upon research and development programs
10 Earth Observation System Components Decision Support ToolsAssessments Decision Support SystemsDecision SupportManagement DecisionsPolicy DecisionsSocietal BenefitsHigh Performance Computing, Communication, & Visualization Standards & InteroperabilityPredictionsObservationsMonitoring & Measurementsremotely-sensedin situEarth Science ModelsOceansIceLandAtmosphereSolid EarthBiosphereEarth Observation SystemsRemotely-sensedIn situEarth System ModelsDATAOn-going feedback to optimize value and reduce gaps
11 Group on Earth bservations GEO Structure GEO US, EC, Japan, South Africa (Co-Chairs)Architecture SubgroupGEO Secretariat(US providingAdministrative Secretariat,with supportfrom othercountries andinternationalorganizations)Capacity Building SubgroupData Utilization SubgroupInternational CooperationSubgroupUser Requirements andOutreach Subgroup
12 GEO Subgroup Co-Chairs Group on EarthbservationsGEO Subgroup Co-ChairsGEO Architecture SubgroupBrazil, France, Japan, United States, WMO, ESAGEO Capacity Building SubgroupArgentina, Belize/CCAD, Brazil, Israel, Republic of Congo, United StatesGEO Data Utilization SubgroupBrazil, Canada, United States, ECMWFGEO User Requirements SubgroupCanada, Italy, United Kingdom, CEOSGEO International Cooperation SubgroupAustralia, United States, IOC
13 Implementation Plan Task Team The Implementation Plan Task Team (IPTT) will draft the International 10-Year Implementation PlanIPTT is made up of one representative nominated by each GEO Co-Chair:European Commission, David Williams of EUMETSATJapan, Toshio Koike of Tokyo UniversitySouth Africa, Robert Scholes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)United States, Ivan DeLoatch of USGS
14 Group on Earth Observation (GEO) – Draft Timeline = GEO Secretariat Meetings= GEO Meetings planned= GEO Meetings notional= E.O. SummitsASONDJFMEarth Observation Summit-1 July 31, 2003 United StatesInitial GEO Meeting—August 1-2, 2003GEO-2 ItalyNovember 28-29, 2003GEO-3 South AfricaFebruary 25-27, 2004Earth Observation Summit-2 April 25, 2004 Tokyo, JapanGEO-4 Tokyo, JapanApril 22-23, 2004GEO-5 Ottawa, CanadaOctober 2004Earth Observation Summit-3 Brussels, Belgium February 2005GEO-6 Brussels, BelgiumFebruary 2005200320041420053/5/04
15 Implementation Plan Development Group on EarthbservationsImplementation Plan DevelopmentSubgroups & Secretariat composeDraft Framework DocumentGEO 2Work review- ITALY -Earth Obs Summit Iand GEO 1- UNITED STATES -Draft Framework Document components for GEO IIGEO Sub-GroupChairsWorking Meeting & GEO-3- SOUTH AFRICA -EstablishesArchitectureSubgroupGEO SecretariatData UtilizationSubgroupEarth ObsSummit IIand GEO-4GEO Delivers Draft Framework Document for approval- JAPAN -Earth Obs Summit IIIGEO-6 delivers Draft 10-year Plan- EUROPE -Capacity BuildingSubgroupUserRequirements &OutreachSubgroupGEO-5 reviewsDraft 10-yearPlan- Ottawa -Implementation Plan Task TeamDraft 10-year PlanInt’l CooperationSubgroup
16 Summary of Activities Group on Earth bservations Accomplishments GEO-1 Subgroups formed, TORs establishedSubgroups began work by October 1, 2003GEO-2GEOSS - a system of systemsExisting individual observing systems remain within their mandatesNew observing components and to exchange and disseminate observational data between those componentsGEOSS participants agree on global interoperability specificationAll individual observing components adhere
17 Summary of Activities Group on Earth bservations Accomplishments GEO-3 Draft CommuniquéInvites governing bodies of international and regional organizations sponsoring existing Earth observing systems to support GEO actionsDraft Frame Work DocumentNotes WMO achievements and the need for advancements in other areas including WCRP, GOOS, ISDR, GCOS and IGOS ThemesNew Implementation Plan Task Team (IPTT)Four members – GEO Co chairsWill prepare the 10-Year Implementation PlanCapacity Building will initially focus on Education and Training
18 IPTT Group on Earth bservations Terms of Reference to describe observational elements of GEOSSto identify mechanism for determining observational gapsto describe interfaces and interoperability interfaceto describe the communications network for exchange of GEOSS observationsto define a set of geo-products which are to be considered as part of GEOSSto describe specific mechanisms for capacity building in developing countriesto propose the basic time schedule for updating and evaluating 10 Year Planto establish performance measures of success in terms of societal benefitsto describe the modalities for the effective involvement of user communities
19 IPTT Group on Earth bservations Membership One from each GEO Co Chair (only one identified to date)Prof I. Koike, Univ. of TokyoDr Williams – EC (EUMETSAT)Dr Bob Scholes - South AfricaScheduleMeeting during pre-sessions for GEO-4High-level outline Framework Document completed and presented for approval at EOS IICoordinationClose coordination with the Sub Groups
21 OSTP/OMB FY05 Budget Directives “A key goal of the Administration’s R&D investments is to enhance capabilities to assess and predict key environmental systems.“Assessment and prediction are important to improving our understanding of and ability to model climate change, but they also affect many other aspects of society, such as health, resource management, weather prediction, sustainable development, and economic prosperity.“To this end, integrated, comprehensive, global observation systems are required for understanding, monitoring, and predicting changes to the Earth system (atmosphere, land, freshwater, ocean and ecosystems.)”Linking Observations to Commerce: Example: Connecting obs to users at local level – including Houston/Galveston. Important: does not present global macro picture, but it does provide a sense of economic benefit.Our economy relies upon the safe and efficient movement of goods and people. More than 95% of the goods in international commerce move by sea.PORTS integrates real time data on winds, waves, water levels, currents, salinity, and other meteorological and oceanographic information and delivers nowcasts to mariners via phone or the internet in real time.Important to safety. Provides accurate info for determining vessels’ draft and underkeel clearance. Every inch counts. One additional inch can mean more than $8,000 for a vessel carrying recycled paper and $50,000 if the cargo is meat.
22 and Technology Council NSTC StructureNational Scienceand Technology CouncilScience CommitteeEnvironment & Natural Resources CommitteeHomeland & National Security CommitteeTechnology CommitteeSubcommittee on Global Change ResearchAir Quality Research SubcommitteeInteragency Working Group on Endocrine DisruptorsBiodiversity and Ecosystem Informatics Working GroupEcological Systems SubcommitteeToxics & Risk Assessment SubcommitteeInteragency Working Group on MercurySubcommittee on Disaster ReductionSubcommittee on Oceans(also reports to Committee on Science)Subcommittee on Water Availability & QualityInteragency Working Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO)Subcommittee on Health and the Environment (also reports to Committee on Science and Commission on Homeland and National Security
23 Interagency Working Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO) IWGEO reports to the White House Committee on Environment and Natural Resources (CENR)15 agencies participate as membersCENR Subcommittee Co-chairs are ex officio membersCo-chairsGhassem Asrar, NASACliff Gabriel, OSTPGreg Withee, NOAA5 Teams – mirror the GEO sub-group structureIncludes a planning and integration team for development of the US 10-year implementation plan
24 IWGEO Membership Co-Chairs White House Office of Science and Technology PolicyNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationPrincipalsEnvironmental Protection AgencyDepartment of DefenseDepartment of EnergyDepartment of StateNational Institutes for Environmental Health StudiesPrincipals (contd.)National Institute for Standards and TechnologyNational Science FoundationUS Geological SurveyUS Forest ServiceFederal Aviation AdministrationFederal Emergency Management AgencySmithsonian InstituteTennessee Valley AuthorityWhite House Council on Environmental QualityWhite House Office of Management and BudgetAs you can see, we have made great strides in linking out technological abilities in observations to creating decision support tools to that benefit mankind.This graphic illustrates our objective with the creation of such a system and it is one we are giving serious consideration in U.S. Government discussions on Earth observations.The focus is really on the end product and we still have a long way to go to meet our end-users needs.We still have a long way to go to meet the needs of our users. While my examples illustrate only a glimmer of what we can accomplish.
25 U.S. 10-year Implementation Plan Focuses on societal benefits:Reduce loss of life and property from disastersProtect and monitor ocean resourcesUnderstand climate, and assess and mitigate climate change impactsSupport sustainable agriculture and combat land degradationUnderstand the effect of environmental factors on human health and promote well beingDevelop the capacity to make ecological forecastsProtect and monitor water resourcesWill have flexibility to incorporate additional societal benefit areasWill work to integrate these benefit areas with the international plan
26 IWGEO in the Year AheadDeveloping U.S. comments to international processDeveloping U.S. 10-year Implementation PlanContinuing to engage academic, industry, and non-profit partners to guarantee plan is comprehensive and usefulApril and June workshops are being planned to coordinate expert input and commentIndustry alliance has been formedPlanning anniversary of Washington Summit event and roll-out of 10-year Implementation Plan for broad community review and commentContinue education/outreach on the global initiative
27 Earth Observation Summit II Ministers met for Earth Observation Summit II in Tokyo, Japan, on 25 April 2004, where they adopted the Framework Document for a 10-Year Implementation Plan for this initiative.The plan itself will be presented at Earth Observation Summit III in February 2005.For more information on GEO-IV and EOS II
29 Discussion 1 CEOS WGISS Input to GEO? Data and System inter-operability required to meet objectives in GEO Framework DocumentWGISS has worked to solve these very same issuesPass this experience and lessons learned to Sub GroupsDevelop a unified focus to address the GEO objectivesSeveral candidates already exist within CEOS WGISS:
30 Discussion 2 CEOS WGISS Input to GEO Examples include (but not limited to):NOMADS & CEOP (GDS, LAS, Web Portal, OPeNDAP)IDN & ECHODIMS - ESA Service Support EnvironmentGeoconnectionsGlobal MappingData Portal Efforts and the GridAs determined by WGISS
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