Presentation on theme: "Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO www.catunescomujer.org Cover Equipping the Information Society with Gender Equality."— Presentation transcript:
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Cover Equipping the Information Society with Gender Equality
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO ICTs: A New Paradigm Create new meanings and senses of reality, processes of subjectivization, notions of space, time, future, power, pleasure. Generate new forms of production and work. Express hegemonic economic and political interests, but also allow the growth of previously unseen personal and social development processes.
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Information / Knowledge-based Society Unknown Areas / Dangerous Areas Exclusive Areas = Age Social Networks Communication Exchange Entertainment Joint Creation e-Commerce & Services Education Noise
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO The Names of Change Information Society Knowledge-based Society Networked Society Innovation Society Linked to the concept of technological innovation. Social, cultural, economic, political, and institutional transformation. Plural perspective of development. (Khan ) More than a technology: a means of communication, interaction, and social organization. (Castells) Continuous development of personal and collective skills. Openness toward diversity (gender, ethnic, cultural).
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO From the Information Society… Information access and transmission …to the Knowledge-based Society Creative environments Socialization and use of knowledge Digital solidarity A culture of innovation Pleasure in lifelong learning Appreciation of cultural diversity
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Dissemination of ICTs in LAC Internet Cellular phones The international digital divide is closing, and access in developing countries is undergoing a process of recovery. In 1995 the proportion of users among inhabitants in the OECD countries was 40 times higher than in the region (4 vs. 0.1 users per 100 inhabitants). In 2004 the difference fell to five times higher (56 vs.11 users per 100 inhabitants). Slightly more than a decade after its introduction, used by approximately one out of every two people. Sources : ITU, 2006a; UNCTAD, 2006; WEF/INSEAD, 2006; ITU/UNCTAD, 2007
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Women, Men, and ICTs INTERNET USE CELLULAR PHONES Source: OSILAC, 2006
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Some Revealing Figures 38% of Latin American internet users were women Between 1999 and 2000 The fastest growing group were young females (12 to 17 years), followed by women aged over 55.
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Overcoming the Gender Digital Divide? In spite of… The absence of sex-based data on technology use The lack of gender indicators Scant research in the region it appears that… Women are equaling men in access, although there are inequalities in usage, in the creation of technology and content, and in political decision- making.
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Whats Happening in the Data Industries? Almost no women own companies. They are underrepresented in the highest positions: 9% of staff in medium and high-level posts 28.5% of programmers 26.9% of systems analysts 85% of data-entry workers A large number work in exploitative conditions and without legal and social protection. Source: UNIFEM, 2000; ILO, 2001
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Plural Gaps CITIZENSHIP SECURITY DIVERSITY POLITICAL DECISION-MAKING Access to computers and software Contents: amount, quality, dominant language, cultural specificity, gender/ethnic representations and values, etc. Production of technology and content: owners, decision-makers, and ideological gurus Social and digital capital Quality of available infrastructure and service costs Socio-economic, cultural, and institutional constraints on the production and use of ICTs
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Strategic Axes for Parity Access Ownership Innovation Universal access – an indicator of development, justice, and the state of rights – is inadequate for generating empowerment processes. The ability to make useful, meaningful use of technological tools. Productive, social, and technological. Use of ICTs, adapting them to ones own identity to create ones own models. ( Castro García)
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO The Challenge Equality in the Information Society Information Society for Equality
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO At the Policy Level Incorporate all topics relating to women and ICTs into equality agendas Invest all topics on the agenda with a crosscutting perspective of ICT integration
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO N C D F T S T E OFORMATIN SS I SOIE SS A S G S I S C S T G A E S N O R S S E S N I N S E S N S D N O S A S ER NOV VA S S E S S S SSS TY SS SS A S S S S S SS S S S S SSS S SS SS SS S S S T T T T T OOOO EEL A A A I MAGIN E ETILAUQY N N N V V V TTT T T A A A A A S
Creation of SMEs and Electronic Commerce Education – Research Continual Training E-Health Electronic Citizenship / Citizen Participation Electronic Government Gender Mainstreaming Violence Based on Gender Patterns Digital Literacy Free Software Applications Professional Development and Employment On-line Networks and Communication
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Creation of SMEs and Electronic Commerce Strengthening Women's ICT-based Enterprises (Sula Batsú in conjunction with the University of Manchester) Costa Rica Women in Management" (LAC) Network of Latin American Businesswomen Gloria Bonder / / Innovative Strategies for Incorporating Businesswomen into the Digital Economy MIMDES APWINC, Peru
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Education / Research + Mentoring Program of Young Women in the Information Society – Youth Researching Youth With the support of UNIFEM. Latin America Generates Program Technical support for the Formulation of the II National Plan for Gender Equality and Equity in Honduras Diploma in Gender and in Justice" (partial on-site course)
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Digital Literacy Digital Inclusion and Local Development in Uruguay Internet Training for Rural Women in Citizen Participation Gloria Bonder / / Digital Literacy Courses: Improving My Business, Opening Doors to the World of Work, Undertaking a Life Project, and Women Social Leaders
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Violence Based on Gender Patterns Campaign Let's Master Technology PARM – APC Gloria Bonder / / Training workshop: ICTs and Gender: Eliminating Violence against Women Women Empowered by Technology (Mujemtic)
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Cover Gender and ICTs: Regional Forums and Debates
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Meeting of Experts on Gender, Science, and Technology August 24 – 25, OAS, Washington, D.C. 1st Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology – November 11 and 12, OAS Office of Education, Science, and Technology 2003 World Summit on the Information Society – Geneva 2005 World Summit on the Information Society – Tunis Declaration of Rio de Janeiro – eLAC 2007 GRULAC 2007 Regional Group Gender & ICT Expert Communities in Gender & ICT (UN GAID) Policy Delphi Information Society Program, ECLAC 10th Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean – ECLAC, August, Quito Consensus.
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO Gender & ICT – 2nd Ministerial Conf. on the Information Society in LAC – San Salvador, February 6–8 ECOSOC 2009 Creation of the Latin American Center for Gender & Information Society (CG&IS)
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO eLAC: Information Society Action Plan Guiding Principles WSIS Long-term Goals MDG/WSIS Short-term Action Plan Rio de Janeiro, June 2005 Adjusted Short-term Action Plan San Salvador, Feb 2008 Adjusted Short-term Action Plan Monitoring and Assessment Buenos Aires, Oct Monitoring and Assessment, Peru 2010
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO eLAC 2010: A Concerted Strategy Progress toward an IS that benefits ALL the inhabitants of LAC Promoting development through growth with equity Consolidating democracy and strengthening regional integration Reducing economic and social costs Developing knowledge and skills in critical areas Devising specific initiatives and projects at the regional level Supporting the design and implementation of national initiatives through intraregional exchange Objectives Lines of Action
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO eLAC ICT goals applied to: 83 goals in 6 chapters Education Health Public Administration Productive Sector Policy Instruments
Gloria Bonder Cátedra UNESCO The Challenge: Planning Regionally Devising a Regional Plan of Action to mainstream the strategic use of ICTs on the gender equality agenda of Latin America and the Caribbean