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Prehistoric Cultures of the North American Continent.

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Presentation on theme: "Prehistoric Cultures of the North American Continent."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prehistoric Cultures of the North American Continent

2 100,000 Years Ago Prehistoric people crossed to North America from Siberia along the Beringia land bridge during the last of the Ice Ages (10,000-40,000 years ago)

3 Paleo-Indians relied on hunting and gathering for subsistence and traveled in small, mobile, kin-based groups of people who lived and foraged together relied on hunting and gathering for subsistence and traveled in small, mobile, kin-based groups of people who lived and foraged together

4

5 Agricultural Revolution As the Ice Age ended the climate grew warmer, many of the Ice Age animals had been hunted to extinction. Forcing inhabitants to find new food sources As the Ice Age ended the climate grew warmer, many of the Ice Age animals had been hunted to extinction. Forcing inhabitants to find new food sources 7,000 – 10,000 years ago the Native Americans began to grow crops (corn, beans, and squash), and domesticate animals (sheep, goats, pigs) 7,000 – 10,000 years ago the Native Americans began to grow crops (corn, beans, and squash), and domesticate animals (sheep, goats, pigs)

6 Moundbuilders agriculturalists who built great cities and impressive earthen mounds agriculturalists who built great cities and impressive earthen mounds ex. Cahokia Mounds State Park in Illinois ex. Cahokia Mounds State Park in Illinois

7 Moundbuilders

8 Moundbuilders lived from the Atlantic, the Midwest and the Ohio Valley to the Mississippi Valley. lived from the Atlantic, the Midwest and the Ohio Valley to the Mississippi Valley. Most advanced farming society north of Mexico Most advanced farming society north of Mexico

9 Southwestern Indians major farming complexes which relied to some extent on irrigation major farming complexes which relied to some extent on irrigation

10 Southwestern Indians Hohokam- Desert Canals and Mesa Grande Ruins Hohokam- Desert Canals and Mesa Grande Ruins

11 Key Question: How were the Paleo-Indians, the Moundbuilders, and Southwestern Indians different? similar? Explain. How were the Paleo-Indians, the Moundbuilders, and Southwestern Indians different? similar? Explain.

12 European Colonization


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