Presentation on theme: "Before: Skim and Scan Section 1 and write a short prediction ."— Presentation transcript:
1Before: Skim and Scan Section 1 and write a short prediction . The 1st AmericansBefore: Skim and Scan Section 1 and write a short prediction .
2Chapter 16 Section 1 Questions Scientists believe Asian people crossed the __________ land bridge to come to the Americas.The first American people were ______________.In South America between A.D. 100 & 700, the ______________ people used irrigation to make the desert bloom with crops.Early North American people, the __________, lived in apartments carved into cliffs.This early culture was known for its large-scale farming & large cities.
3Pathway to the Americas Scientist believe that an area of dry land, called Beringia, connected Asia and Alaska.During the Ice Age water froze into huge Glaciers. As the ice froze, the seas fell, exposing the land below.Scientist think that hunters from Asia followed animals into North America.Hunters moved constantly searching for food. They hunted, fished, and gathered fruits , berries, and nuts.
61st American Civilizations After the Ice Age the climate warmed. People discovered they could grow crops for food.Farming began in Mesoamerica. It stretches from the valley of Mexico to Costa Rica.Early Americans developed corn or maze. Corn became the most important crop in the Americas.Farming allowed people to establish permanent settlements and develop more complex societies.
71st American Civilizations 1200 B.C. – the Olmec built a large trading empire near present day Vera Cruz. They used rivers to travel, and traded salt and beans for jewelry, obsidian, and other stones.Teotihuacan – important city.The Maya built a civilization on the Yucatan Peninsula.A.D. 900 – Maya had deserted their cities.Toltec – took over Mayan cities in Northern Mexico.
91st American Civilizations Aztec warriors copied Toltec ways and took control of the region’s trade. Ruled about 5 Million people.The Moche people lived in the costal desert of present day Peru. They dug canals to irrigate crops, and built up a large food surplus. Built many buildings and traded. Told stories through art work.The Inca lived in the Andes Mountains in present day Peru. It became the largest empire in the ancient Americas.
11Pathway to the Americas Civilizations in North AmericaWho were the Mound Builders?The Hohokam & AnasaziThe Mississippians1st American CivilizationsWhat happened to the Maya?The Moche & IncaMesoamerican Civilizations
12Civilizations in North America North of Mesoamerica Native Americans learned to farm from the Mesoamericans. Farming began in the Southwest part of the current USA.The Hohokam were the 1st Native American to try farming.The Anasazi lived in present day New Mexico. They lived in houses .
13Civilizations in North America East of the Mississippi River 2 groups formed the mound building culture. The Adena & Hopewell.The Mississippians emerged after the Hopewell disappeared.Cahokia – large city in Mississippian culture.The Mississippian civilization collapsed in A.D
14How did the 1st Americans develop corn? Exit SlipHow did the 1st Americans develop corn?
15Pathway to the Americas Civilizations in North AmericaWho were the Mound Builders?The Hohokam & AnasaziThe Mississippians1st American CivilizationsWhat happened to the Maya?The Moche & IncaMesoamerican Civilizations
16Pathway to the Americas Civilizations in North AmericaWho were the Mound Builders?The Hohokam & AnasaziThe Mississippians1st American CivilizationsWhat happened to the Maya?The Moche & IncaMesoamerican Civilizations