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410 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 20 Points HeatMCSun andEnvironmentMCEnvironmentT/FHeatIllnessesT/FHeat/ ColdTypes10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points
5Heat can be gained and/ or lost by the body in all of the following ways EXCEPT: A. ConductionB. ConversionC. EvaporationD. Radiation
6Most people replace no more than _____ of water lost through sweating when exercising in hot and humid climates.A. 10%B. 25%C. 35%D. 50%
7A critical consideration in avoiding heat stress is to: A. AcclimatizeB. Identify susceptible athletesC. Eat a well balanced dietD. Use electrolyte solutions
8A heat disorder characterized by profuse sweating, diarrhea, persistent muscle cramps and dizziness with loss of coordination is:A. Heat crampsB. HypothermiaC. Exertional heat strokeD. Exertional heat exhaustion
9Absence of sweating with hot, flushed skin, sudden collapse, altered consciousness and seizures is indicative of:A. Exertional heat exhaustionB. Exertional heat strokeC. Heat crampsD. Hypothermia
10How may minutes before exposure to the sun should sunscreen be applied?
11When a storm is near and a person's hair stands on end, what should they do? A. Run to shelter under a tree immediatelyB. Lie flat on the groundC. Drop to the ground and assume a crouched positionD. Wait for lightening in the area
12If the flash to bang is 15 seconds, how far away is lightening occurring? A. 3 MilesB. 1 MileC. 6 MilesD. 5 Miles
13As an athletic trainer, what is the first step that should be taken after seeing lightning or hearing thunder?A. Stop activity at once and seek shelterB. Wait to see another bolt before leaving the fieldC. Once you see the bolt, listen for the thunder to see how far the storm isD. Crouch down on the field
14A syndrome that reflects a desynchronization of the athlete’s biological time clock or jet lag is called:A. AcclimatizationB. Acute mountain sicknessC. Circadian dysrhythmiaD. Chilblain
15An SPF of 10 means that an athlete can be exposed to ultraviolet light 10 times longer than without a sunscreen before the skin will turn red.
16The National Severe Storms Service recommends that 20 minutes should pass after the last sound of thunder is heard or lightening is seen before returning to play.
17Flying from West to East has been demonstrated to decrease performance.
18Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas that reduces hemoglobin’s ability to transport oxygen and restricts the release of oxygen to the tissue.
19BonusSickle cell reaction relates to an abnormality of the structure of the red blood cell and causes an enlarged spleen, which, in some cases, has been known to rupture at high altitudes.
24Life-threatening & breakdown of thermoregulatory system BONUSLife-threatening & breakdown of thermoregulatory system
25There is a need for fluid replacement only in a hot environment
26Just as in the heat, in cold weather an athlete should maintain a body temperature ideal for competition as not to increase the likelihood of injury.
27Heat loss in cold weather occurs most often from the warm vascular areas of the groin and armpit.
28Death is imminent if the core body temperature rises above 104 F for an extended period of time or drops between 77º F and 85º F.
29An athlete who has a loss of greater than 2% of his/her body weight should not be allowed to participate until normal body weight returns.
30Sixty-five percent of the heat produced by the body is lost in cold weather by: A. ConductionB. ConvectionC. EvaporationD. Radiation
31An athlete suffering from pulmonary edema may experience all of the following EXCEPT: A. DyspneaB. WeaknessC. HeadacheD. Pale skin
32All of the following are symptoms of frost nip EXCEPT: A. Skin may peel or blister in hoursB. Skin tissue may become gangrenousC. Involves the ears, nose, cheeks, fingers and toesD. Skin appears very firm with cold painless areas
33Shivering ceases below a body temperature of: A degreesB degreesC degreesD degrees
34Which of the following conditions is caused by peripheral vasodilation of the superficial vessels, hypotension or a pooling of blood in the extremities, which results in dizziness, fainting, and nausea?A. Heat crampsB. Exertional heat exhaustionC. Heat syncopeD. Exertional heat stroke