Heat MC Sun and Environment MC Heat Illnesses T/F Heat/ Cold Types 10 Point 20 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points 10 Point 20 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points Environment T/F
Heat can be gained and/ or lost by the body in all of the following ways EXCEPT: A. Conduction B. Conversion C. Evaporation D. Radiation
Most people replace no more than _____ of water lost through sweating when exercising in hot and humid climates. A. 10% B. 25% C. 35% D. 50%
A critical consideration in avoiding heat stress is to: A. Acclimatize B. Identify susceptible athletes C. Eat a well balanced diet D. Use electrolyte solutions
A heat disorder characterized by profuse sweating, diarrhea, persistent muscle cramps and dizziness with loss of coordination is: A. Heat cramps B. Hypothermia C. Exertional heat stroke D. Exertional heat exhaustion
Absence of sweating with hot, flushed skin, sudden collapse, altered consciousness and seizures is indicative of: A. Exertional heat exhaustion B. Exertional heat stroke C. Heat cramps D. Hypothermia
How may minutes before exposure to the sun should sunscreen be applied? A. 5-10 B. 15-30 C. 30-45 D. 45-60
When a storm is near and a person's hair stands on end, what should they do? A. Run to shelter under a tree immediately B. Lie flat on the ground C. Drop to the ground and assume a crouched position D. Wait for lightening in the area
If the flash to bang is 15 seconds, how far away is lightening occurring? A. 3 Miles B. 1 Mile C. 6 Miles D. 5 Miles
As an athletic trainer, what is the first step that should be taken after seeing lightning or hearing thunder? A. Stop activity at once and seek shelter B. Wait to see another bolt before leaving the field C. Once you see the bolt, listen for the thunder to see how far the storm is D. Crouch down on the field
A syndrome that reflects a desynchronization of the athletes biological time clock or jet lag is called: A. Acclimatization B. Acute mountain sickness C. Circadian dysrhythmia D. Chilblain
An SPF of 10 means that an athlete can be exposed to ultraviolet light 10 times longer than without a sunscreen before the skin will turn red.
The National Severe Storms Service recommends that 20 minutes should pass after the last sound of thunder is heard or lightening is seen before returning to play.
Flying from West to East has been demonstrated to decrease performance.
Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas that reduces hemoglobins ability to transport oxygen and restricts the release of oxygen to the tissue.
Bonus Sickle cell reaction relates to an abnormality of the structure of the red blood cell and causes an enlarged spleen, which, in some cases, has been known to rupture at high altitudes.
BONUS Life-threatening & breakdown of thermoregulatory system
There is a need for fluid replacement only in a hot environment
Just as in the heat, in cold weather an athlete should maintain a body temperature ideal for competition as not to increase the likelihood of injury.
Heat loss in cold weather occurs most often from the warm vascular areas of the groin and armpit.
Death is imminent if the core body temperature rises above 104 F for an extended period of time or drops between 77º F and 85º F.
An athlete who has a loss of greater than 2% of his/her body weight should not be allowed to participate until normal body weight returns.
Sixty-five percent of the heat produced by the body is lost in cold weather by: A. Conduction B. Convection C. Evaporation D. Radiation
An athlete suffering from pulmonary edema may experience all of the following EXCEPT: A. Dyspnea B. Weakness C. Headache D. Pale skin
All of the following are symptoms of frost nip EXCEPT: A. Skin may peel or blister in 24-72 hours B. Skin tissue may become gangrenous C. Involves the ears, nose, cheeks, fingers and toes D. Skin appears very firm with cold painless areas
Shivering ceases below a body temperature of: A. 90-95 degrees B. 85-90 degrees C. 80-85 degrees D. 75-80 degrees
Which of the following conditions is caused by peripheral vasodilation of the superficial vessels, hypotension or a pooling of blood in the extremities, which results in dizziness, fainting, and nausea? A. Heat cramps B. Exertional heat exhaustion C. Heat syncope D. Exertional heat stroke