Presentation on theme: ". Strengthening Understanding of Femicide Washington DC April 2008 Rebecca Emerson Dobash Russell Dobash School of Law, University of Manchester, England."— Presentation transcript:
. Strengthening Understanding of Femicide Washington DC April 2008 Rebecca Emerson Dobash Russell Dobash School of Law, University of Manchester, England & School of Justice and Social Inquiry, Arizona State University
Murder in Britain Study (funded by ESRC, Economic & Social Research Council, UK) Aims & Approaches Examine & Compare Different Types of Murder Risk Factors (individual, socio-cultural) Situational Contexts Circumstances (Relationships, issues) Lethal Intentions Life Course Methods -3 datasets: Homicide Index Case Files Interviews
Murder in Britain Study – 3 sources of data Homicide Index: All homicides (1980-2000) England/Wales n=12,000 (27vars) Scotland n=2,000 (19vars) Case Files: sample n=866 425 vars Sample from all murderers currently serving life in prison: England/Wales(n=3,000) Scotland (n=500) Depth Interviews: sample n=200 MenWomen England14320 Scotland 37 0 Total18020 …. Overall Total=200
D ob as h & D ob as h COMPARISONS OF INTIMATE PARTNER MURDER & NON-LETHAL ASSAULT Murder in Britain Study: IPMurder 106 men Violent Men Study- Evaluation of CJ Sanctions : IPViolence 122 abusers
Dobash & Dobash Murder in Britain Study Lethal and Non-lethal Intimate Partner Violence Circumstances & Murder/Violent Event
Method- Benefits to Knowledge About Femicide Benefits of this Approach: Some general findings to date: -Combo quantitative & qualitative data -Intensive & extensive data -Identify wide range of femicides (types) -Intensive analysis of each type -Compare different types of femicide & other types of murder -Identify under-researched femicides (e.g., sexual murders, older women, collaterals, etc) -Examine dynamics of murder event (situations, circumstances, motivations) -Knowledge about perpetrators (life-course, previous violence & offending, cognitions about murder event and the victim) Significance of: -Gender -Mens orientations to women & female partners -Specialists in violence to women - Relationship (dating, co-habitation, marriage) (tenuous, contested, conflicted) -Separation, estrangement (changing the project) - Source of conflict - (possessiveness, jealousy,.. -Specific violence in murder event (sex, use of objects, strangulation) - Conventional men who murder
Homicide - publications (2008).. What were they thinking? Cognitions of men who kill an intimate partner. (in preparation). (2008).. Out of the Blue: Men Who Murder an Intimate Partner. Feminist Criminology, Dobash, R. E., Dobash, R. P. & Cavanagh, K. (under review). 2007.. Lethal and Non-Lethal Violence Against an Intimate Partner: Comparing Male Murderers with non-lethal abusers, Violence Against Women: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal, 13, 4:1-27. Dobash, R. E.; Dobash, R. P., Cavanagh, K. & Medina- Ariza, J. J. 2007.. Onset of offending and lifecourse of Men Convicted of Murder, Homicide Studies, 11, 243-271. R.P. Dobash, R. E. Dobash, K. Cavanagh, D. Smith and J. J. Medina-Ariza.
Homicide - publications 2007.. The murder of children by fathers in the context of child abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 731-746. K. Cavanagh, R. E. Dobash and R. P. Dobash. 2005.. Men who murder children inside and outside the family. British Jr. of Social Work, 35,667-688. Cavanagh, K., Dobash, R.E., Dobash, R.P. 2004.. Not an ordinary killer-just an ordinary guy. Men who kill their intimate female partner. Violence Against Women, Dobash, R.E., Dobash, R.P, Cavanagh, K. & Lewis, R. 2003.. Researching homicide: Methodological issues in the exploration of lethal violence. In R. Lee and E. Stanko (Eds.), Researching Violence: Essays on Methodology and Measurement, pp. 49-65, London: Routledge. Lewis, R., Dobash, R. E., Dobash, R. P. & Cavanagh, K.