Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

. Strengthening Understanding of Femicide Washington DC April 2008 Rebecca Emerson Dobash Russell Dobash School of Law, University of Manchester, England.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: ". Strengthening Understanding of Femicide Washington DC April 2008 Rebecca Emerson Dobash Russell Dobash School of Law, University of Manchester, England."— Presentation transcript:

1 . Strengthening Understanding of Femicide Washington DC April 2008 Rebecca Emerson Dobash Russell Dobash School of Law, University of Manchester, England & School of Justice and Social Inquiry, Arizona State University

2 Murder in Britain Study (funded by ESRC, Economic & Social Research Council, UK) Aims & Approaches Examine & Compare Different Types of Murder Risk Factors (individual, socio-cultural) Situational Contexts Circumstances (Relationships, issues) Lethal Intentions Life Course Methods -3 datasets: Homicide Index Case Files Interviews

3 Murder in Britain Study – 3 sources of data Homicide Index: All homicides ( ) England/Wales n=12,000 (27vars) Scotland n=2,000 (19vars) Case Files: sample n= vars Sample from all murderers currently serving life in prison: England/Wales(n=3,000) Scotland (n=500) Depth Interviews: sample n=200 MenWomen England14320 Scotland 37 0 Total18020 …. Overall Total=200

4 INTERVIEW SCHEDULE Offenders Perspective (n=200, 180men & 20women) Background: Age, employment, education, ethnicity, religion, marital status, children, … Childhood: Parents/carers, Family issues, Childhood discipline, problems, abuse Childhood offending & substance abuse The Murder Event: Personal circumstances, Murder event, Immediately after event Adult Life & Relationships: Offending, Alcohol-Drugs,Intimate Rels, Children, Violence to Partner Attitudes & Perceptions: About victims & others (ethnic groups, elderly, women, gays,... Prison & Prison Programmes: Adjustment, problems, violence, programmes,...

5 MURDER CASEFILES (n=866) documents from… Police Investigation Trial Judge Summary Forensic Report Govs & Prison Officers (Assessment, Life Plan, Conduct) Probation (Pre & post sentence, prison) Psychiatric/ Medical (Pre & post sentence, prison) Psychologist Parole Review Offending Behaviour Programmes Offender Accounts

6 MURDER CASEFILES (n=866) information about… Murder Event Violence - Injuries - Circumstances - Situation - Intentions Perpetrator - Victim Relationship Eye Witnesses, Ear Witnesses & Others Legal Process/Criminal Career Current Charges & Previous Convictions Life in Prison Education, Programmes & Problems Childhood Background Family - School - Social & Legal Services Adult Circumstances Intimate Rels - Personal Problems -Social/Legal Services

7 Murder in Britain Study Relationship Between Victim and Offender (male offenders only, n=786)

8 The Murder of Women FEMALE perpetrator & FEMALE victims only (F-F) n=29

9 Murder in Britain Study MALE perpetrator & FEMALE victims only (M-F) n=330

10 Dobash & Dobash COMPARISONS OF INTIMATE PARTNER MURDER & MALE-MALE MURDER Murder in Britain Study: IP Murder 106 men MM Murder 424 men

11 Dobash & Dobash Intimate Partner Murder & Male-Male Murder Circumstances & the Murder Event

12 D ob as h & D ob as h COMPARISONS OF INTIMATE PARTNER MURDER & NON-LETHAL ASSAULT Murder in Britain Study: IPMurder 106 men Violent Men Study- Evaluation of CJ Sanctions : IPViolence 122 abusers

13 Dobash & Dobash Murder in Britain Study Lethal and Non-lethal Intimate Partner Violence Circumstances & Murder/Violent Event

14 Method- Benefits to Knowledge About Femicide Benefits of this Approach: Some general findings to date: -Combo quantitative & qualitative data -Intensive & extensive data -Identify wide range of femicides (types) -Intensive analysis of each type -Compare different types of femicide & other types of murder -Identify under-researched femicides (e.g., sexual murders, older women, collaterals, etc) -Examine dynamics of murder event (situations, circumstances, motivations) -Knowledge about perpetrators (life-course, previous violence & offending, cognitions about murder event and the victim) Significance of: -Gender -Mens orientations to women & female partners -Specialists in violence to women - Relationship (dating, co-habitation, marriage) (tenuous, contested, conflicted) -Separation, estrangement (changing the project) - Source of conflict - (possessiveness, jealousy,.. -Specific violence in murder event (sex, use of objects, strangulation) - Conventional men who murder

15 Homicide - publications (2008).. What were they thinking? Cognitions of men who kill an intimate partner. (in preparation). (2008).. Out of the Blue: Men Who Murder an Intimate Partner. Feminist Criminology, Dobash, R. E., Dobash, R. P. & Cavanagh, K. (under review) Lethal and Non-Lethal Violence Against an Intimate Partner: Comparing Male Murderers with non-lethal abusers, Violence Against Women: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal, 13, 4:1-27. Dobash, R. E.; Dobash, R. P., Cavanagh, K. & Medina- Ariza, J. J Onset of offending and lifecourse of Men Convicted of Murder, Homicide Studies, 11, R.P. Dobash, R. E. Dobash, K. Cavanagh, D. Smith and J. J. Medina-Ariza.

16 Homicide - publications The murder of children by fathers in the context of child abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, K. Cavanagh, R. E. Dobash and R. P. Dobash Men who murder children inside and outside the family. British Jr. of Social Work, 35, Cavanagh, K., Dobash, R.E., Dobash, R.P Not an ordinary killer-just an ordinary guy. Men who kill their intimate female partner. Violence Against Women, Dobash, R.E., Dobash, R.P, Cavanagh, K. & Lewis, R Researching homicide: Methodological issues in the exploration of lethal violence. In R. Lee and E. Stanko (Eds.), Researching Violence: Essays on Methodology and Measurement, pp , London: Routledge. Lewis, R., Dobash, R. E., Dobash, R. P. & Cavanagh, K.


Download ppt ". Strengthening Understanding of Femicide Washington DC April 2008 Rebecca Emerson Dobash Russell Dobash School of Law, University of Manchester, England."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google