2AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATION THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE - ICAO ANNEX 6,An operator shall not engage in commercial air transport operations unless in possession of a valid air operator certificate or equivalent document issued by the State of the Operator.
3THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE The air operator certificate…. shall authorize the operator to conduct commercial air transport operations in accordance with such conditions and limitations as may be specified.
4THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE The issue of an AOC …….by the State of the Operator shall be dependent upon the operator demonstrating an adequate organization, method of control and supervision of flight operations, training programme and maintenance arrangements consistent with the nature and extent of the operations specified.
5THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE - The AOC shall contain at least the following:a) operator's identification (name, location);b) date of issue and period of validity;c) description of the types of operations authorized;d) the type(s) of aircraft authorized for use; ande)authorized areas of operation or routes.
6THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS. The certification process is divided into steps:Pre-applicationFormal applicationPreliminary financial, economic, and legal assessment of the applicationPreliminary technical assessmentOperational inspectionsDecision on application and award of AOC and ops specs
7AOC - PRE-APPLICATION PHASE This phase includes preliminary contact, prior to formal application.CAA to make the potential operator aware of the regulatory requirementsShow exact steps in the certification processApplicant is given understanding of the form, content, and documents required for the formal application.
8AOC - FORMAL APPLICATION CONTENT:A. The name and address of the applicant and the main base of the proposed operations;B. A description of the applicant's business organization;C. Information on management organization and key staff members, including their title, name, background, qualifications and experience;
9AOC - FORMAL APPLICATION Detailed information on the operations (AW) under the following headings :type of aircraft, equipment, instruments, equipment and flight documents to be used;State of Registry of the aircraft, (copy of lease);arrangements personnel training and qualification;installations and equipment available;nature of operations ‑ passenger/cargo, VFR or IFR, etc.;arrangements for maintenance and inspection of aircraft and associated equipment;
10AOC - FORMAL APPLICATION MAINTENANCE DOCUMENTATIONGeneral Maintenance Manual (GMM) (This manual may be combined with the GOM for certain operators.)Maintenance Program/ManualsWeight and Balance ProceduresMaintenance Training Program/ManualMinimum Equipment List (MEL/CDLMaintenance Reliability ProgramContinuous Analysis and Surveillance
11AOC - FORMAL APPLICATION COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTdetailed description of how the applicant intends to show compliance with each provision of the applicable code of air navigation regulations;
12AOC - FORMAL APPLICATION Financial data; andDesired date foroperation to commence.
13AOC - PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT GENERAL.Very ImportantMust try to establish competence at the initial stage,Less likely to have serious problems later on.Essential to reveal any critical deficiencies in the applicant's proposalsWill enable the operator to prepare alternative proposals
14AOC - PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT. GENERALIf deficiencies are found applicant should be given a reasonable opportunity to rectifyotherwise the application should be rejected.This preliminary assessment consists of two phases:Financial, economic and legal assessmentTechnical Assessment/Document review
15AOC - PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT CHECK APPLICANT HAS:sufficient financial resources;a route structure for the proposed operation;an intended level of service that meets a need or demand and is in the public interest;proposed an operation that is in accord with bi-lateral agreements; (Cont.)
16AOC - PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT CHECK APPLICANT HAS:presented traffic studies indicating that the proposed operation should be economically successful; andmanagement structure and suitable personnel, equipment, facilities, manuals, buildings, service agreements, etc., or will be able to obtain them.
17AOC - PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT LEASINGUnless suitable arrangementsare made by the State of Registry and the State of the Operator, complex legal problems as well as safety problems, particularly in respect of the continuing airworthiness and operations supervision, may result.
18AOC - PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT DOCUMENT REVIEW (AW)Review the following:Aircraft Flight Manual(s)Minimum Equipment Lists CDLWeight and Balance ManualMaintenance Manual(GMM)*Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program/ManualsMaintenance Training Program/ManualMaintenance Reliability ProgramContinuous Analysis and Surveillance System
19AOC - PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT GENERALThe company manuals must be sufficiently detailed to provide a comprehensive account of practically every aspect of the operator's organization, policies, and procedures. The primary focus of the preliminary technical assessment will be upon the information provided by the prospective operator in these manuals.
20PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT GENERAL CONSIDERATIONSCan the aircraft be properly maintained, inspected and supported with the available maintenance and spare parts resources?Are the aircraft suitably instrumented and equipped for the proposed operation?
21AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS GENERAL.AW inspections are normally conducted in the following sequence: a. Organizational Structure Evaluation b. Maintenance management c. Records Inspection d. Line Station Facility Inspection e. Main Base Facility Inspection f. Training program Inspection g. Emergency Evacuation Demonstration h. General Maintenance manual Review i. Proving Flights including Line Stations
22AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND MANAGEMENT EVALUATIONMust be further evaluated to ensure proper controlVerify that written policies are fully understood and implemented .clear lines of authority and specific duties and responsibilities of individuals are established.Must be clearly outlined in the applicant's manuals,
23AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENTPersonnel responsible for inspection and maintenance must be qualified.Key personnel still required even if all maintenance is contracted out.The positions that are required include the following:The Director of Maintenance,The Chief Inspector
24AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS Consolidated Positions.An airworthiness Manager may hold more than one position however he must meet the qualification requirements for both positions.Chief Engineer always requiredChief Inspector may not always required,Part time staff may be acceptableDeviations to the rule may be authorised.
25AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS RECORDS INSPECTIONS.ensure a suitable system exists for creating, preserving and retrieving required records, and the records as required by the national regulations, are being kept for the specified periods..
26AIRWORTHINES INSPECTIONS LINE STATION FACILITY INSPECTIONS.Every airport should be inspected prior to first revenue flight or during any proving flights.
27AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS MAIN BASE FACILITY INSPECTIONEvaluateHousing and FacilitiesTechnical documentsEquipment, tools, and test equipment,Review Personnel list. Ensure that:The maintenance organization/applicant has sufficient number of supervisory/licenced and inspection personnel.
28AIRWORTHINESS ORGANISATION TRAINING PROGRAMME INSPECTION.Ensure the operator has a structured training and recurrent training program for all maintenance staff.Maintenance/inspection training programs are the most efficient manner to inform personnel of the requirements of the operator/applicant's program.
29PROVING FLIGHTS. As a final demonstration that he has the proper organization, facilities, equipment, and training to successfully carry out revenue flights, the applicant will be required to perform a series of proving flights in accordance with the national requirement.
30ISSUANCE OF THE AOC & OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS GENERALThe preceding process will have provided specific information related to:the scope of the applicant's proposed operation;the adequacy of the organization and resources;andreveal any deficiencies.
31ISSUANCE OF THE AOC DETERMINATION ON THE APPLICATION. Following the completion of the assessment and inspection programme, the Inspector will recommend to the Director that the applicant is either:properly equipped and capable in all respects of conducting the proposed operation, oris not, or is not yet capable of conducting the proposed operation
32ISSUANCE OF THE AOC.The AOC will contain or make reference to the following information:operator's identification (name, location);date of issue and period of validity;description of the types of operations authorized;the type(s) of aircraft authorized for use; and
33ISSUANCE OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS. Operations specifications and limitations applicable to an AOC will be issued in conjunction with the issue of the AOC certificate and form part of the certificate.
34ISSUANCE OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS For purposes of standardization , operations specifications may be divided into separate parts as follows:Part A ‑ General ProvisionsPart B ‑ En-route authorizations and limitationsPart C ‑ Aerodrome authorizations and limitationsPart D ‑ MaintenancePart E ‑ Mass and balancePart F ‑ Interchange of equipment operationsPart G ‑ Aircraft leasing operations
35OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS TABLE OF CONTENTSPART D - AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCED71. Additional Maintenance requirementsD72. Aircraft maintenance - general requirements.D73. Approved aircraft inspection program- GAD74. Reliability program authorization: entire aircraftD75. Reliability program authorization:airframe, powerplant, systems or selected items...D76. Short term escalation authorization.D77. Maintenance contractual arrangement authorization: for entire aircraft.
36OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS CONTINUEDD78. Maintenance contractual arrangement authorization: for specific maintenanceD79. Reliability program contractual arrangement authorizationD80. Leased aircraft maintenance program authorizations:D81. Parts pool agreement authorizationD82. Prorated time authorization.D83. Parts borrowing authorizationD84. Special flight permit with continuous authorization to conduct ferry flights
37OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS D85. Aircraft listingD86. Maintenance program authorization for two engine airplanes used in extended range operation.D87. Maintenance program authorization for leased foreign aircraft operated by (local) air carriersD88. Maintenance time limitationsD90- D94 reserved:D95. Minimum equipment list authorization.
38OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS APPENDIX A – Maintenance Time Limitations section (For operators with a partial reliability program or no reliability program)PART EE96. WEIGHT AND BALANCE CONTROL PROCEDURES