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Poetry: Reading & Writing Segue to Writing in Content Areas Dr. Judy Barbour Dr. Lucia Schroeder Dr. Marie Fero Eastern Illinois University, Charleston,

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry: Reading & Writing Segue to Writing in Content Areas Dr. Judy Barbour Dr. Lucia Schroeder Dr. Marie Fero Eastern Illinois University, Charleston,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry: Reading & Writing Segue to Writing in Content Areas Dr. Judy Barbour Dr. Lucia Schroeder Dr. Marie Fero Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL Contact:

2 What is a poem? A Definition A Definition A poem Rhyme salad Chopped by the word processor, Garnished with pictures, Sprinkled with adjectives, Tossed by a poet-chef. Lettuce, onions, tomatoes, images--- A poem Gordon & Bernice Korman, The D-Minus Poems of Jeremy Bloom

3 No Child Left Behind Legislation is a Federal Mandate to Teach -- P Phonics Vocabulary Comprehension Strategies Language Fluency Phonemic Awareness

4 How do POETS define a poem?... fireworks, packed carefully and artfully, ready to explode with unpredictable effects Lilian Moore...a packsack of invisible keepsakes Carl Sandburg...a packsack of invisible keepsakes Carl Sandburg... Condensed, carefully selected language that explores anything with a fresh eye Galda, Cullinan & Strickland Poetry can involve hearts and heads, evoking feelings and provoking thoughts and ideas about complex social issues. Fifth graders in Mr. Damicos class Fifth graders in Mr. Damicos class

5 What makes a poem a poem? Uses vivid language Unique view Unique view Poetic devices i.e. metaphor, simile, alliteration, onomatopoeia, etc Poetic devices i.e. metaphor, simile, alliteration, onomatopoeia, etc Language patterns Language patterns Creates images in the mind Creates images in the mind Evokes emotions Evokes emotions

6 Poetry Enhances *intensive & extensive vocabulary *comprehension via noticing details, metaphor, nuisances of language *student interest *student interest and andenthusiasm

7 poetry reading - writing quality writing in content areas

8 Reading & Writing Poetry Develops Vocabulary Develops Vocabulary Exposure to new words Exposure to new words Examples of creative descriptions Examples of creative descriptions Novel insights and ideas Novel insights and ideas Multiple encounters Multiple encounters

9 The Turkey Shot out of the Oven Jack Prelutsky The turkey shot out of the oven The turkey shot out of the oven and rocketed into the air, It knocked every plate off the table And partly demolished a chair. It ricocheted into a corner And burst with a deafening boom Then splattered all over the kitchen Completely obscuring the room. It stuck to the walls and the windows, it totally coated the floor, there was turkey attached to the ceiling, there was turkey attached to the ceiling, where thered never been turkey before. where thered never been turkey before.

10 The Turkey Shot out of the Oven Jack Prelutsky It blanketed every appliance, it smeared every saucer and bowl, it smeared every saucer and bowl, there wasnt a way I could stop it, that turkey was out of control. I scraped and I scrubbed with displeasure, and thought with chagrin as I mopped, that Id never again stuff a turkey with popcorn that hadnt been popped

11 Limericks Oh, there once was a teacher of math Who said, Length is like measuring a path Tile squares cover tops Tile squares cover tops And cubes look like blocks And cubes look like blocks But volumes like filling a bath. There once was a teacher of science There once was a teacher of science Whose students were full of compliance. Whose students were full of compliance. Predict and explore Predict and explore Strive to see more Strive to see more Curiosity out weighs reliance Curiosity out weighs reliance

12 Fibonacci Principle Esbensen, Barbara J. (1996) Echoes for the Eye HarperCollins

13 Try It, Youll Write It Write a poem that would include vocabulary new to your students Write a poem that would include vocabulary new to your students A Quatrain has A Quatrain has 4 lines [not lions] 4 lines [not lions] a b a b rhyme scheme is most common; also a b c b a b a b rhyme scheme is most common; also a b c b The rain is raining all around The rain is raining all around It falls on bush and tree It falls on bush and tree It falls on all the dried out ground It falls on all the dried out ground And on the ships at sea. And on the ships at sea. Thanks, Robert Lewis Stevenson Thanks, Robert Lewis Stevenson

14 Quatrain Some word ideas might be: energize, cycle, tornado, humid, swirling, clockwise, velocity, muggy, blizzard Try a Quatrain Try a Quatrain 4 lines with a,b,a,b rhyme scheme & 4 lines with a,b,a,b rhyme scheme & Vivid imagery Vivid imagery

15 Reading & Writing Poetry Develops Comprehension Develops Comprehension Offers exposure to different writing forms and perspectives Offers exposure to different writing forms and perspectives Involves inferring meaning Involves inferring meaning TopicTopic Succinct quality of poetrySuccinct quality of poetry Encourages comparing & contrasting Encourages comparing & contrasting

16 Free Verse: Color Doesnt Matter Color Doesnt Matter She took my hand. It wasnt her color. She eats. Its not what I eat. But when she laughs, its how I laugh. And when she cries, its how I cry. And color doesnt matter. Bruce Scott, Streator, Grade 5

17 I Think This is Where My Real Father Lives I think this is where my real father lives Its near a river. I see a light in one of the rooms. Someone is pulling up the drive way with a car. The chimney is smoking. I see an oak tree In the back yard. As I get farther and farther away, I see a shadow in the distance, now gone.

18 Haiku Triangle Haiku Three pointy corners, Three sides that touch each other A beautiful shape.

19 Try It, Youll Write It Write a poem that would require the use of higher level comprehension strategies Write a poem that would require the use of higher level comprehension strategies Haiku Haiku Composed of 3 lines 5 – 7 – 5 syllables Composed of 3 lines 5 – 7 – 5 syllables Originated in Japan Originated in Japan Traditionally relates to seasons or nature Traditionally relates to seasons or nature Encourages inference in order to understand Encourages inference in order to understand Emphasizes succinct writing, imagery Emphasizes succinct writing, imagery

20 Poetry patterns & rhythms are Golden summer sun Turns glistening green grass, brown and white skin crimson Golden summer sun Turns glistening green grass, brown and white skin crimson Haiku five syllables seven syllables five syllables

21 Social Studies--Diamantes Abe Lincoln Abe Lincoln president, smart president, smart producing, determined, loving producing, determined, loving important, active, patriotic, clever loving, sneaking, needing loving, sneaking, needing fugitive freedom-lover fugitive freedom-lover Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman fugitive, patriotic fugitive, patriotic caring, loving, sneaking caring, loving, sneaking died, movers, active, helpers died, movers, active, helpers helping, working, strict helping, working, strict explorer, westward Meriwether Lewis explorer, westward Meriwether Lewis

22 Poetry Patterns ---Diamante Encourage compare and contrast: Noun 1 (N1) 2 adjectives for N 1 3 participles –ing or –ed words for N1 4 adjectives or nouns to fit N1 and N2 3 participles –ing or –ed words for N2 2 adjectives for N2 Noun 2

23 Reading & Writing Poetry Increases interest & enthusiasm Increases interest & enthusiasm Rhythm and Rhyme Rhythm and Rhyme Novelty Novelty Humor Humor Performance Performance

24 Jon Scieszka & Lane Smith. (2004) Science Verse

25 Lobster by Joy N. Hulm Hes upside down and inside out; Hes upside down and inside out; Hes backwards and hes sideways. His bones are out; his skin is in; He lives in ocean tide ways. He walks on hairy, spindly legs That smell and breathe and hear, And scurries backward in retreat Whenever dangers near. His jaws chew sideways, but his teeth Are found inside his tummy; And while he gobbles fishy fare, His feet taste if its yummy.... in Cullinan, Scala, Schroder (1995) in Cullinan, Scala, Schroder (1995) Three Voices: An invitation to poetry across the curriculum Three Voices: An invitation to poetry across the curriculum

26 Games Magazine published this poem by Leigh Mercer A Ratio in Rhyme A Ratio in Rhyme A __ ___, a ______, and a score, A __ ___, a ______, and a score, plus three ____ the square root of _____, divided by__ ___, plus ____ times eleven, equals nine ________ and not a bit more. plus three ____ the square root of _____, divided by__ ___, plus ____ times eleven, equals nine ________ and not a bit more.

27 A Ratio in Rhyme A dozen, a gross, and a score, A dozen, a gross, and a score, plus three times the square root of four, divided by seven, plus five times eleven, equals nine squared and not a bit more. plus three times the square root of four, divided by seven, plus five times eleven, equals nine squared and not a bit more.

28 or

29 Greg Tang 2002 The Best of Times Scholastic Seven doesnt take much time, Even though it is a prime. Here is all you have to do, First times 5, then add times 2!

30 Words, Words, Words by Mary ONeill Period When you come to the end of a written thought You just sign-off with a polka dot. Question Mark Symbol of all I wish I knew Polka dot under a curlicue... ?

31 Poetry - Content Writing Poetry - Content Writing Poetry Reading and Writing Poetry Reading and Writing Emphasize vivid words Emphasize vivid words Eliminate non-essentials, sentences optional Eliminate non-essentials, sentences optional Create images, encourage thought Create images, encourage thought Content Area Writing Content Area Writing Emphasize vivid words Emphasize vivid words Eliminate non-essentials, Eliminate non-essentials, Create images, encourage thought Create images, encourage thought

32 Poetry - Content Writing Poetry - Content Writing For Content Area Writing Add For Content Area Writing Add Format - Introduction, Body, Conclusion Format - Introduction, Body, Conclusion Conventions: sentences, paragraphs Conventions: sentences, paragraphsSEGUE Free Verse Free Verse

33 Free Verse The Eagle The Eagle The constellation of the Eagle soars in the sky. When I look, it sparkles in my eye. It is as strong as the black hole as it grabs a fish shape in the sky. And then, I say, Sigh boy, I wish I could fly.

34 Real Snow from Out of the Dust by K. Hess The dust stopped, and it snowed. real snow. Dreamy, Christmas snow,gentle, nothing blowing, such calm, like after a fever, wet, wet, clinging to the earth, clinging to the earth, melting into the dirt, melting into the dirt, snow. snow. Oh, the grass, and the wheat and the cattle, and the cattle, and the rabbits, and the rabbits, and my father will be and my father will be happy. happy.

35 Free Verse Try it, Youll Write It Emphasizes creating an image or feeling by using words Emphasizes creating an image or feeling by using words Line breaks provide emphasis Line breaks provide emphasis Some are lists, some more story-like Some are lists, some more story-like No rhyme scheme No rhyme scheme No structured meter No structured meter

36 Enabling Writers *Stress creating a vivid image for the reader *Immerse students in examples *Model include 1 you wrote, [let them help revise] plan ahead, show and explain your thoughts and writing *Provide ideas – Use realia, brainstorm, respond to discussion, share an incident, a text, a dream, a picture dream, a picture

37 Describe this scene or a part of it using free verse. Use your verse as the basis for a descriptive paragraph.

38 Connecting to Writing Return to the Lobster Poem Return to the Lobster Poem Write a prose description of a lobster Write a prose description of a lobster Use vivid language to create the image Use vivid language to create the image Sight Sight Sound Sound Smell Smell Feel Feel

39 poetry reading - writing quality writing in content areas

40 Poetry & Content Writing Enable *intensive & extensive vocabulary *comprehension via noticing details, metaphor, nuisances of language *student interest and enthusiasm *student interest and enthusiasm

41 Poetry & Content Writing Sources:www.poetryfoundation.com A Kick in the Head: An Everyday Guide to Poetic Forms by Paul Janeczko Poetry Workshop for Middle School by Michelle Ambrosini & Teresa Morrette Three Voices by Cullinen, Scala & Schroder A Jar of Tiny Stars NCTE, ed. B. Cullinen Space Songs by Myra Cohen Livingston


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