3 Poetry Terms Lines- Poets write in lines instead of sentences Stanza- Groups of lines in poetryRhyme- Words that end lines of poetry with the same soundRhythm- the beat or pattern of a poemSimile- A comparison using “like” or “as”Metaphor- A comparison that doesn’t use “like” or “as”
4 Poetry Terms Continued Couplets- Stanzas of two lines that usually RhymeAlliteration- The repetition of a consonant soundOnomatopoeia- Words that mimic or imitate the sound it is describingMood- Is the emotions that we feel from the workPersonification- giving something that is not human, human characteristics
5 Types of Poems Bio Poem I Am Poem Haiku Limerick Diamante Concrete PoemCinquainPoem containing AlliterationPoem Containing PersonificationPoem containing Simile and MetaphorA Rhyming PoemA Sports, Music, Art, Dance or other interest poem
6 Bio Poem Line 1 Your first name Line 2 4 traits that describe you Line 3 Sibling of…Or Son or Daughter ofLine 4 Lover of…(three items)Line 5 Who feels (three items)Line 6 Who needs (three items)Line 7 Who gives (three items)Line 8 Who fears (three items)Line 9 Who would like to see (three items)Line 10 Resident of (your address)Line 11 Your Last Name
7 I Am Poem Stanza 1 I am ( two special characteristics that you have) I wonder (Something that you are curious about)I hear (an Imaginary sound)I see (an imaginary sight)I want (an actual desire)I am (repeat line 1)Stanza 2I Pretend (something you actually pretend to do)I feel (a feeling about something imaginary)I touch (an imaginary touch)I worry (something that really bothers you)I cry (something that makes you sad)Stanza 3I understand (something that you know is true)I say (something that you believe in)I dream(something that you actually dream about)I try (something that you make an effort about)I hope (something you actually hope for)
8 Our snow days are all used up Haiku PoemHaiku poetry is a very short, centuries old form of Japanese poetry, that usually deals with nature. The poem follows a specific pattern.5 syllables7 syllablesSnow is falling downOur snow days are all used upThat means I’ll see you
9 LimerickA limerick is a funny little five line poem that has a rhyming pattern and a rhythm. The last words of the 1st, 2nd, and 5th lines must all rhyme. The 3rd and 4th lines must also rhyme, but not with the other three lines.A clumsy young fellow named JimWas never informed how to swimHe fell off a dockAnd sank like a rockAnd that was the end of him
10 DiamanteDiamante poems are shaped like diamonds. They also have a set pattern with opposites being used.NounAdjective, AdjectiveVerb, Verb, VerbNoun, Noun, Noun, NounCocoa TreeTropical, GnarlyGrowing, Producing, FloweringPods, Beans, Buds, ApplesDropping, Crunching, BakingDelicious, All-AmericanApple Tree
11 Concrete PoemConcrete Poems are also called picture poems, because they are poems that take the form of an object that the poem is about.
12 CinquainThey are 5 line poems that describe a person, place, or thing.Traditional cinquain poems follow a specific pattern. That pattern is: 2 syllables, 4 syllables,6 syllables 8 syllables, and 2 syllables.Modern cinquains poems are based on a word count of words of a certain type. 1 word (Noun), 2 words (adjectives), 3 words (verbs), 4 words (describing a feeling about the title), 1 word referring back to the title.
13 Alliteration The repetition of a consonant sound Windshield wipers wipe the windshieldWipe the water off the paneThis Way That WayIn the rain
14 PersonificationPoetry that assigns human characteristics to non human things.DinnerKnife was the first to speakHe was known mostly for his sharp cutting remarksChairs sat down underneath the tableNapkins folded themselves into their lapsTeapot. Unable to stand the tension, began to boilCup held one hand on her hipsKnowing she could hold her ownFork and spoon huddled off to the side next to the plateThey knew plate could handle whatever was dished out
15 Simile and Metaphor Sky, Earth, and Water The sky was as mad as a raging bull,The earth as hurt as a rabbit in a snare,The water as strong as a lion,But Mother Nature calmed them all.LoveLove is as wide as the earth,Friendship are as thick as the sea.Happiness is as deep as a song,Laughter in you and me.