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SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION INDICATORS. 1-Industrial sector: generally the results of scientific researches are still little, and non-existent.

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Presentation on theme: "SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION INDICATORS. 1-Industrial sector: generally the results of scientific researches are still little, and non-existent."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION INDICATORS

2 1-Industrial sector: generally the results of scientific researches are still little, and non-existent effect on the competitive performance in Syria. so the competitive industrial performance in Syria is 75/88 because the Syrian industry depended on the workers who have low level of education and used rapid technologies. 2-Educational sector: According to the Nationals report of the Human Development announced that the scientific research suffers in the Syrian universities from weakness in the institutions, functional performance and the infrastructure that seems clearly in many points such as : 1 - the continuous Bleeding in the existing teaching staff which is distinct in excellent capacity it seems clearly through the departure to other Arab universities. 1-Industrial sector: generally the results of scientific researches are still little, and non-existent effect on the competitive performance in Syria. so the competitive industrial performance in Syria is 75/88 because the Syrian industry depended on the workers who have low level of education and used rapid technologies. 2-Educational sector: According to the Nationals report of the Human Development announced that the scientific research suffers in the Syrian universities from weakness in the institutions, functional performance and the infrastructure that seems clearly in many points such as : 1 - the continuous Bleeding in the existing teaching staff which is distinct in excellent capacity it seems clearly through the departure to other Arab universities. The actual situation of scientific researches results and the performing of indicators in Syria.

3 2- the decrease in the percentage of who has the master and doctorate degrees. For example, In 2007, the statistics for journals Damascus University as follows: 2007 Accepted researches of teaching staff Accepted researches of students ( master or PhD) 1412 Basic sciences series Medical sciences series 1922 Geometric sciences series 2030 Agriculture sciences series 7095 Humanity sciences series 2283 Economic sciences series

4 Syrian universities suffer from absence the complementary system for scientific research and the weakness in the investment The reasons for that are discussed in many articles and several scientific forums, One of these reasons: 1) There is no separation between the teaching job and the researching job of the professor in the faculty who spends all his time in teaching process. 2) The weakness in the expenditure on the scientific research. 3) The absence of the complementary relationship between the Universities and the productive sectors of public and private institutes and the participation of the private sectors is so limited in financing of the scientific research.

5 3-Innovation sector: and the Syrian record in the field of patents is not empty, it is back to year 1945 when Syria has awarded the first patent for one of its citizens, but it has not policies to encourage the innovation process. Syria has acceded to the Intellectual Property international Organization in 2004, it decided a national law which executes the rules of the organization, and was acceded in 2003 to the international cooperation agreement for the patents.

6 The percentage of patents are very limited The percentage of patents are very limited according to the Syrian population and to the international development according to the Syrian population and to the international development And Did not exceed 5.7%: And Did not exceed 5.7%:

7 the challenges which faced the Syrian inventor : the challenges which faced the Syrian inventor : 1-especially the limited number of scientists and engineers who work in research and development. 2- they havent enough facilities to innovate. 3- Universally the cost of registration in the patent is expensive, although the international organization reduced this cost about 75% for the Underdeveloped countries and the remaining percentage needs to support of his government.

8 the number of innovations applications in the Syrian Arab Republic ( )

9 The propositions of the Conference for Scientific Research And Technical Development in Damascus 2006: It decided the Percentage for expenditure on scientific research will be 1% of the gross national product at the end of year 2010 and 2% at the end of year It decided the Percentage for expenditure on scientific research will be 1% of the gross national product at the end of year 2010 and 2% at the end of year The average number of articles and books per year for each researcher who has certificate in doctorate is equal to 1 The average number of articles and books per year for each researcher who has certificate in doctorate is equal to 1

10 This Conference has decided the indicators for monitoring the performance : 1-indicators of generation the science 2 - indicators of dissemination the science 3 - indicators of the local innovation 4- indicators of the intellectual property 5-Indicators of the Infrastructure 6-indicators of transferring the power

11 The Ministry of Communications and Technology Ministry of Communications and Technology is seeking cooperation with the Syrian Computer Society to develop informational reality in Syria, Where they have established an a price for excellence and informatics innovation for the last year 2008 and the goal of this prize is to spread IT among the younger and explore the creativity of the citizen and support the knowledge economy. Ministry of Communications and Technology is seeking cooperation with the Syrian Computer Society to develop informational reality in Syria, Where they have established an a price for excellence and informatics innovation for the last year 2008 and the goal of this prize is to spread IT among the younger and explore the creativity of the citizen and support the knowledge economy. the ministry tries to implement the distinct projects to be real and to contribute in the development of ICT sector the ministry tries to implement the distinct projects to be real and to contribute in the development of ICT sector

12 The achievements of Central Bureau of Statistics The achievements of Central Bureau of Statistics This conference decided to prepare and implement a national survey for research and development by cooperation with the ministry of higher education and with the Central Bureau of Statistics.

13 The Baasic Indicators: 1 - Human Resources of Researchers according to Academic Certificates and the time which allocated for Research. 2-Development by the sectors. 3- The size of New products, and rates of the Patents. 4-Extraction the results of survey and the formulation of conclusions and benefit from them in the appropriate locations 5 – it suggested to establish a special fund to support scientific research by deciding a percentage from company profits is 1% 6 - working to create accurate db for the researchers and the researches of universities

14 Our Office has executed a survey about the information technology which was the first time in Syria in 2007 and the sampling which was taken according to the household level and to the institutions Our Office has executed a survey about the information technology which was the first time in Syria in 2007 and the sampling which was taken according to the household level and to the institutions And the success rate of this survey was 15 % because it needs the experience in management this kind of surveys And the success rate of this survey was 15 % because it needs the experience in management this kind of surveys So we wish to benefit from your experiences in this sector and identify the most important indicators and techniques which was used in this field to develop our capabilities and implement a comprehensive survey to have accurate results So we wish to benefit from your experiences in this sector and identify the most important indicators and techniques which was used in this field to develop our capabilities and implement a comprehensive survey to have accurate results


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