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Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators of Syria (2008 - 2009) HCSR.

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Presentation on theme: "Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators of Syria (2008 - 2009) HCSR."— Presentation transcript:

1 Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators of Syria ( ) HCSR

2 Outline  Syrian Institutional System of STI.  Some R&D Information.  Syrian Scientific Publications  Finance and Personal  Conclusion HCSR

3 Syrian Institutional System of Science HCSR Public Universities 6 Private Universities 16 Educational and Research Institutes and Centers (Public Universities) 10 Scientific and Research Commissions and Centers 6 Educational and Research Institutes and Centers (Independent) 3 Intermediary Scientific Commissions and Centers (Ministries) 8 Service Scientific Institutes and Centers (Ministries) 5 Scientific societies 3 HCSR

4 Technology transfer Meet the tenth five year plan Achieve economic effect Entrepreneurship Solve immediate problems Other objectives Enhancing the competitiveness Economic and Social Objectives of the Research Plans HCSR

5 Foundations and Standards Research Plan Building HCSR

6 Systematic planning is considered the basic premise for the success of the activities of scientific research and technical development. HCSR

7 Tools for Executing the research plans HCSR

8 Cooperation between economic and social sectors in implementing the plan HCSR Cooperation through the competent committees Cooperation exists, but not enough There is no any kind of Cooperation HCSR

9 Engineerng EngineerAgricultureMedicin e health Pharma cology Basic Science ITC Legal Sciences and religious Humanitie s and social sciences Education al Sciences Economic science and Management Others Distributed Research Projects by disciplines in Public Universities (2008) HCSR

10 Engineerng EngineerAgricultureMedicin e health Pharma cology Basic Science ITC Legal Sciences and religious Humanitie s and social sciences Education al Sciences Economic science and Management Others Distributed research projects by disciplines in public universities (2009) HCSR

11 PhD projects in public universities HCSR

12 Publications The Total Number of Scientific Publications for Universities and Other institutes related to MoHE ( National and International ): In 2008 : 1890 publications In 2009 : 2916 publications

13 Distributed R&D Projects by Discipline in R&D Institutions ( outside MoHE ) The Total Number of R&D projects - for 2008 was 1530, out of which 1217 projects for Agriculture - for 2009 was 1506, out of which 1276 projects for Agriculture

14 Publications of R&D Centers&Commissions (ouside MoHE) 2009 HCSR

15 Registered Patents HCSR

16 There is a need to study the reason for the low number of registered patents: -No Innovation Policy -No Conviction HCSR

17 Frameworks of Human Resources in scientific research institutions HCSR

18 Number of researchers (PhD) The number of researchers in the country is less than the aspirations and requirements of development and global indicators Commissions and Center HCSR

19 Global Expenditure on R&D in Syria HCSR

20 Higher education Commissions and centers Financial spending on scientific research in Syria (Amounts in Millions of USD) HCSR

21 The Global Expenditure on R&D forms only a small percentage of the GDP. HCSR

22 Conclusions The STI System in Syria is Not Functioning well. Regarding STI Indicators : There is a problem of Data Collection, due to lack of information and lack of motivation,… There is a problem of Common Understanding and Use of the same Indicators. Our mission at the HCSR is – to make STI indicators, but also – to help to make them get Better.

23 The National Policy Project for Science, Technology and Innovation. Institutional frameworks and organizational structures and legislation of scientific institutions. Human resources development. HCSR essential projects HCSR

24 The National Policy Project for Science, Technology and Innovation. HCSR

25 To rank sectors according to its importance the following steps were followed: -Importance factors were determined and a survey were conducted to set the weight for each factor. -Experts from different sectors were invited to participate in a workshop during which the rank of a sector according to each factor was set. -The final rank (considering all factors) of a sector was calculated accordingly. HCSR

26 Sectors are classified according to its importance: - Economically 36% - Scientifically26% - Socially13% - Strategically25% HCSR

27 Economical Importance Factors FactorsWeight 1- Sector's contribution to national income Sector's contribution to the total national employment The relative size of investments in the sector Availability of resources for sector development Possessing level of competitiveness components in the sector 9 6- Sector's ability to meet pressing economical needs 8.4 HCSR

28 Scientific Importance Factors FactorsWeight 1- Expected returns to science and technology from supporting the sector and raising its competitiveness Availability of skills and scientific resources needed for scientific and technological activities in the sector Different disciplines relevant to scientific and technological activities in the sector The ability of scientific and technological activity in the sector to support scientific independence The role of scientific and technological activity in the sector in the development of scientific and general knowledge 6.5 HCS HCSR

29 Social Importance Factors FactorsWeight 1- The level of social impact of the sector (the size of the groups directly affected) The impact of the sector on the cultural enlightening of the society Sector's ability to meet pressing social needs 5 HCSR

30 Strategic Importance Factors FactorsWeight 1- Sector's importance to national security in a broad sense (food, social, economic, political, military....) The expected growth of the role of the sector in national and international economy The repercussion of the sector with other sectors (influencing and influenced by) 8.6 HCSR

31  Agriculture4.62  Energy 4.28  Industry4.05  Health4.03  The water resources and irrigation3.96  Telecommunications3.96  Building of enabling capacity3.91  Building and construction 3.83  Transport 3.70  Social and cultural development3.66  Local and regional development 3.63  Finance3.62  Tourism3.58  Population3.50  Environment 3.25 The final rank of sectors HCSR

32 Next, Sectors’ Committee were established in order performed the following task: -Current situation analysis (Strength, weakness, Opportunities, Threats). -Suggestions and recommendations. HCSR

33 To achieve the goals set for each sector there will be proposed plans and programs. The proposed plans and programs should be compatible with the eleventh five-year national plan of development. Sectors proposed plans and programs HCSR

34 Activities of proposed plans for each sector are suggested to be placed in three stages according to their priorities and urgency:  First stage (up to two years) to meet urgent, short term development needs.  The second stage (up to 5 years) to meet medium term development needs.  The third stage (up to 10 years) to meet long term development needs. Sectors proposed plans and programs HCSR

35 Thank you HCS HCSR


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