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AMCEN MEETING ADDIS-ABABA, OCTOBER 19-24, 2009 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF) Sekou Toure.

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Presentation on theme: "AMCEN MEETING ADDIS-ABABA, OCTOBER 19-24, 2009 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF) Sekou Toure."— Presentation transcript:

1 AMCEN MEETING ADDIS-ABABA, OCTOBER 19-24, 2009 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF) Sekou Toure

2 The GEF Financial mechanism of four Multilateral Environment Agreements Track-record on investments over more than 15 years Strong financing and leveraging performance Innovative programs Expanding responsibilities – POPs, Land degradation, Adaptation Funds

3 The GEF Guidance from Conventions Governance – Assembly – Council – GEF Focal points & Link to Conventions FP – Secretariat and Agencies – Other partners Balanced decision making between developing and developed countries

4 GEF Focal Areas Climate change Biological diversity International waters Land degradation, primarily desertification and deforestation Ozone layer depletion Persistent organic pollutants

5 Climate Change Mitigation – main achievements $2.5 billion invested in more than 130 countries –Climate Change Mitigation : energy efficiency, renewable energies, clean transport, Sustainable Forest Management and LULUCF –National communications to the UNFCCC –Technology Needs Assessments –Transfer of more than 30 environmentally sound technologies –More than 2.5 billion tons of CO2 avoided from GEF projects 5

6 Adaptation to Climate Change – main achievements Least Developed Country Fund 48 NAPAs financed, 42 completed 33 concrete adaptation projects approved, 9 under implementation and at least 12 more by the end of 2009 $369 million total ($113 LDCF and $256 co-financing ) Strategic Climate Change Fund 22 concrete adaptation projects approved, 13 under implementation $683 million total ($91 SCCF and $592 co-financing) 6

7 GEF in Africa Since 1991, GEF has invested in 750 Projects in Africa Total amount invested by the GEF in Africa : $2.3 billion Africa represents nearly 30% of the global GEF funding

8 GEF in Africa Climate Change 230 projects in Climate Change Total GEF Amount = $600 million in Climate Change Adaptation to climate change : projects to adapt agriculture and water management, fight desertification, prevent coastal erosion, cope with drought, flooding and sea level rise Forest and climate change : projects to develop sustainable forest management through local communities Climate change mitigation : projects to develop renewable energy (solar, biomass, mini-hydro, wind…), energy efficiency (CFL programs…) and clean transport. Regional projects to have synergies on regional issues (forest..)

9 The Least Developed Countries Fund/Africa Range: $1.1 to 4.5 million

10 Adaptation Fund Secretariat (interim) Secretariat (interim) Organize Board Meeting Organize Board Meeting Undergoing work to make operational Undergoing work to make operational Monetization Monetization Modalities for direct access Modalities for direct access Administrative issues with trustee and secretariat Administrative issues with trustee and secretariat

11 Challenges for GEF-5 Increase the level of replenishment Increase the level of replenishment Strengthen the GEF through a significant set of reforms Strengthen the GEF through a significant set of reforms Responsiveness to Conventions Responsiveness to Conventions From RAF to STAR and other technical and operational improvements From RAF to STAR and other technical and operational improvements Governance, engagement with countries and stakeholders Governance, engagement with countries and stakeholders Reflect the new international context Reflect the new international context Meet expectations of stakeholders Meet expectations of stakeholders

12 GEF Replenishments Pilot Phase ( ), $1.100 GEF-1 ( ), $2.023 GEF-2 ( ), $2.075 GEF-3 ( ), $3.000 GEF-4 ( ), $3.135 GEF-5 ( ), ??????

13 Replenishment Scenarios – GEF-5 $5 billion Improvement over GEF-2 in inflation- adjusted terms Provide for increases in all focal areas $6.5 billion Doubling of GEF-4 levels Increase in all focal areas Feasibility of a pragmatic resource allocation system $9 billion? Significant Increases in all focal areas Transformational activities, particularly in climate change Potential for GEF-wide resource allocation system

14 Key GEF-5 Innovation: Transformational Scaling-up Voluntary National GEF Business Plans Sustainable Forest Management Non-grant Instruments

15 Proposed Reforms for GEF-5 1.Responsiveness to Conventions and countries 2.Strengthening and Widening GEF Partnership 3.Enhancing Strategic and Operational Policies 4.Transformational approaches

16 Enhancing Strategic & Operational Policies/Gains for Africa- GEF-5 Programming, Closer engagement with countries, Business Plan, Flexible GEF-wide allocation system, Refine and expand GEF focal areas, Reforming project cycle From projects to integrated programs, Multi-focal area programs (e.g., SFM), Special and expanded window for the private sector, Expanded engagement in adaptation, NGOs engagement

17 Adaptation : priority sectors of intervention – GEF-5 LDCFFood Security and Agriculture Water Resources Management Disaster Risk Management Community Based Adaptation Natural Resources Management Health Infrastructure SCCFWater Resources Management Agriculture/Land Management Infrastructure Development Fragile Ecosystems Integrated Coastal Zone Management Health Disaster Risk Management Cross Cutting Issues 17 Requested : $500 million Replenishment Requested : $500 million Replenishment

18 Mitigation: p riority sectors of intervention – GEF-5 18 Scenario 1 : lower replenishment Scenario 2 : higher replenishment Conserve and enhance carbon stocks through Sustainable Forest Management – LULUCF $300 million$500 million Promote the demonstration, deployment, and transfer of advanced low-carbon technologies $350 million$600 million Continue to support enabling activities and capacity building $130 million Promote investment in renewable energy technologies $400 million$500 million Promote market transformation for energy efficiency in industry and the building sector $350 million$450 million Promote energy-efficient, low-carbon transport and urban systems $350 million$400 million

19 THANK YOU

20 LDCF Projects by Country Guinea-Bissau: Strengthening Resilience and Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Guinea-Bissau's Agrarian and Water Sectors. Guinea: Increased resilience and Adaptation to Adverse Impacts of Climate Change in Guinea's Vulnerable Coastal Zones Gambia: Strengthening of the Gambia's Climate Change Early-warning Systems Eritrea: Integrating Climate Change Risks into Community-Based Livestock management in the Northwestern Lowlands Djibouti :Reducing Impacts and Vulnerability of Coastal Productive Systems DRC: Building the Capacity of the Agriculture Sector to Plan for and Respond to the Additional Threats Posed by Climate Change on Food Production Comoros :Adapting Water Resource Management in Comoros to Increase Capacity to Cope with Climate Change Cape Verde : Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Water Sector Burkina Faso : Strengthening Adaptation Capacities and Reducing the Vulnerability to Climate Change Benin: Integrated Adaptation Programme to Combat the Effects of Climate Change on Agricultural Production and Food Security Lesotho: Improvement of Early-Warning System to Reduce Impacts of Climate Change and Capacity Building to Integrate Climate Change into Development Plans Liberia : Enhancing Resilience of Vulnerable Coastal to Climate Change Risks in Liberia Malawi: Climate Adaptation for Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture Mali: Enhancing Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector in Mali Mali: Integrating Climate Resilience into Agriculture Production for Food Security in Rural Areas of Mali Mauritania : Reducing Vulnerability of Arid Oasian Zones to Climate Change and Variability through Improved Watershed Management Niger: Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to Build Resilience and Adaptive Capacity of the Agriculture Secotr to Climate Change Rwanda :Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early-Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood-Prone Areas Sao Tome and Principe : Adaptation to Climate Change Sierra Leone : Integration Adaptation to Climate Change into Agricultural Production and Food Security Sudan : Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to Build Resilience in the Agriculture and Water Sectors to the Adverse Impacts of Climate Change Zambia : Adaptation to the Effects of Drought and Climate Change in Agro-Ecological Zones 1 and 2 in Zambia


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