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GEF Focal Area Strategies & Funds Available for Adaptation Sub-Regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in Asia 15-16 May 2008, Manila.

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Presentation on theme: "GEF Focal Area Strategies & Funds Available for Adaptation Sub-Regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in Asia 15-16 May 2008, Manila."— Presentation transcript:

1 GEF Focal Area Strategies & Funds Available for Adaptation Sub-Regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in Asia May 2008, Manila

2 I. GEF Focal Areas

3 GEF’s Six Focal Areas  Biodiversity  Climate Change  International Waters  Ozone Depletion (only countries in transition)  Land Degradation  Persistent Organic Pollutants – POPs

4 Revision of Focal Area Strategies in GEF-4  Purpose: to sharpen focus of strategies and foster harmonized and integrated approaches across Focal Areas  Basis for programming of resources during GEF-4  Better alignment with the GEF results- based management framework.

5 BIODIVERSITY Strategic Objectives and Programs 1: Catalyzing Sustainability of Protected Area Systems  Sustainable Financing of Protected Area Systems at the National Level  Increasing Representation of Effectively Managed Marine Protected Areas in PA Systems  Strengthening Terrestrial Protected Area Networks 2: Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Production Landscapes/Seascapes and Sectors  Strengthening the Policy and Regulatory Framework for Mainstreaming Biodiversity  Fostering Markets for Biodiversity Goods and Services

6 BIODIVERSITY (contd.) Strategic Objectives and Programs 3: Safeguarding Biodiversity  Capacity Building for the Implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety  Prevention, Control and Management of Invasive Alien species 4: Capacity Building on Access and Benefit Sharing  Capacity Building on Access and Benefit Sharing

7 LAND DEGRADATION Strategic Objectives and Programs  Sustainable Agriculture and Rangeland Management  Sustainable Forest Management in Production Landscapes  Investing in New and Innovative Approaches in SLM 1.Develop an enabling environment that will place Sustainable Land Management (SLM) in the mainstream of development policy and practice at regional, national and local levels 2.Upscale SLM investments that Generate mutual benefits for the global environment and local livelihoods

8 INTERNATIONAL WATERS Strategic Objectives and Programs 1.Foster international, multi-state cooperation on priority water concerns  Restore and sustain coastal and marine fish stocks and associated biological diversity  Reduce nutrient over- enrichment and oxygen depletion from land-based pollution of coastal waters in Large Marine Ecosystems

9 INTERNATIONAL WATERS Strategic Objectives and Programs 2. Catalyze transboundary action addressing water concerns  Balance overuse and conflicting uses of water resources in transboundary surface and groundwater basins  Reduce persistent toxic substances and adaptive management of waters with melting ice

10 POPS Strategic Objective and Programs 1.Reduce and eliminate production, use and releases of POPs  Strengthening capacities for implementation of National Implementation Plans (NIPs)  Partnering in investments for NIP implementation  Demonstration of feasible, innovative, technologies and best practices for POPs reduction

11 CLIMATE CHANGE Strategic Programs - Mitigation  Promote energy-efficiency in residential and commercial buildings  Promote energy efficiency in industrial sector  Promote market approaches for renewable resources  Promote sustainable energy from Biomass  Promote sustainable, innovative systems for urban transport  Manage land-use, land-use change and forestry to protect carbon stocks and reduce GHG emissions

12 CLIMATE CHANGE Strategic Programs and Funds - Adaptation Strategic Objective: Support pilot and demonstration projects for adaptation to climate change  Strategic Pilot on Adaptation (SPA) to ensure delivery of both adaptation and global benefits in vulnerable ecosystems ( coral reefs, BD loss, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Sustainable Land Management, etc)  Special Climate Change Fund and Least Development Country Fund - Implementation of NAPAs - Top priorities on adaptation

13 II. Cross-Cutting Issues

14 Cross-Cutting Issues Cross-cutting issues that are addressed within the focal area strategies include:  Adaptation to climate change (CC and all Focal Areas)  Sustainable Forest Management (BD, CC and LD)  Sound Chemicals Management (all Focal Areas)

15 Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Strategic Objectives 1.To conserve globally significant forest biodiversity 2.To promote sustainable management and use of forest resources

16 Sound Chemicals Management Strategic Objective and Programs 1.To promote sound management of chemicals for the protection of human health and the global environment,  Integrating sound chemicals management in GEF projects;  Articulating GEF supported chemicals- related projects and programs within countries’ broader frameworks for chemicals management;

17 For more information, please access the GEF Document: “Focal Area Strategies and Strategic Programming for GEF-4” at the following link: Strategies_ pdf

18 III. Resources for Adaptation

19 Adaptation Funds  The GEF supports interventions that increase resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change on vulnerable countries, sectors, and communities  Funds for Adaptation - $275 M (currently available for adaptation/pledges)  Features of Funds Strategic Pilot on Adaptation (SPA) – GEF Trust Fund Least Developed Countries’ Fund (LDCF) – (UNFCCC) Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) – (UNFCCC) Adaptation Fund (AF) (Kyoto Protocol)

20 Adaptation Funds New Adaptation Funds (LDCF, SCCF, AF) GEF Assistance to Address Adaptation GEF Trust Fund Strategic Priority Piloting an Operational Approach to Adaptation (SPA) Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF) (implementation of NAPAs) NO GLOBAL BENEFITS Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) Top priority to Adaptation NO GLOBAL BENEFITS Adaptation Fund (AF) (2% of the share of the proceeds of the CDM) NO GLOBAL BENEFITS

21 Features of Adaptation Funds GEF TRUST FUND: (SPA)  Incremental cost  Global benefits  Co-financing New FUNDS: (LDCF & SCCF)  Additional cost  Sliding scale (optional)  No Global benefits  Different approach to co-financing

22 “Piloting an Operational Approach to Adaptation” (SPA) Projects will: “Show how adaptation planning and assessment can be practically translated into projects that will provide real benefits”  $50 million allocation => after an evaluation of the pilot the program will evolve  Policy guidelines – GEF Assistance to Address Adaptation  SPA operational guidelines

23 Adaptation Funds: LDCF Least Developed Countries Fund  Implementation of National Adaptation Plans of Action (NAPAs) – focus on urgent and immediate adaptation needs  The LDCF has supported the preparation of NAPAs in 46 LDCs and is supporting implementation of priority actions in 9 countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Eritrea, Niger, Malawi, Mauritania, Samoa, Sudan.  Existing resources, including new pledges: $160 million

24 Adaptation Funds: SCCF Special Climate Change Fund  (a) top priority: adaptation  Areas: Water, land management, agriculture, health, infrastructure development, fragile ecosystems, integrated coastal zone management, disaster risk management and prevention  Total resources, including new pledges: $65 million  All resources have been programmed

25 Adaptation Fund (AF) Adopted recently in Bali (December 2007) 2% of the share of the proceeds of the CDM  Governance New Operating Entity: The Adaptation Fund Board Secretariat (on an interim basis): Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Trustee (on an interim basis): World Bank  Access to Funding Eligible Parties will have the option to submit project proposals directly to the Adaptation Fund Board or to utilize AF agencies

26 Adaptation Fund (AF) Composition of the Adaptation Fund Board  Two representatives from each of the five UN regional groups  One representative of the Small Island Developing States  One representative of the Least Developed Country Parties  Two other representatives from the Parties included in Annex 1 to the Convention (Annex 1 Parties);  Two other representatives from the Parties not included in Annex 1 to the Convention (non-Annex 1 Parties)


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